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Sohag (Arabic: سوهاج‎‎ Sawhāǧ, Sa'idi Arabic: [suːhaːdʒ] ( listen), Egyptian Arabic: [soˈhæːɡ]), an aa kent as Sawhāj, Suhag an Suhaj,[1] is a ceety in Egyp that lies on the wast bank o the Nile. It haes been the caipital o Sohag Govrenorate syne 1960. Prior tae that, the caipital wis the ceety o Girga an the name o the govrenorate wis Girga Govrenorate. It an aa includit Esna Govrenorate (nouadays Qena Govrenorate)[2]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

1976 1986 1996 2006 2010
101,758 132,965 170,125 189,695 209,419
Starting in 1976: Population of Sohag City[3]

Subdiveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety o Sohag is informally dividit intae twa diveesions: the East Destrict (Arabic: حى شرق) an the Wast Destrict (Arabic: حي غرب). Amang the maist notable regions o the Wast Destrict are:

  • Sidi Aref
  • Al Shahid (Arabic for the Martyr)
  • Gharb Al-Koubry ("Wast o the Brig" neighborhuid)

The East District is considered a more upscale district that includes some of the most affluent neighborhoods of the city including 15th Street, Al Kashef Street, Jumhuriya Street, The Courts Compound, and The Technical and Agricultural Schools. Some of the most notable locales of the East District include:

  • The Courts Compound of Sohag
  • City Hall of Sohag
  • Sohag University
  • Sohag Teaching Hospital, a member of GOTHI, which is among the biggest hospitals of the region
  • Multiple governmental directorates
  • Many recreational areas including The Sohag Stadium as well as many parks including Al Zohour (an revitalized park located in the middle of the Nile River).
  • Nasr City - the first satellite city to be built in the East District. It was established during the time of the former president Gamal Abdel Nasser, hence the name Nasr City.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sohag is ane o the warmest places in Egyp due tae its place in the east side o Sahara in North Africae. Sohag is ranked the 5t driest place in Egyp an the 9t globally. An aa ranked 4t warmest place in Egyp an 296t globally .

Climate data for Sohag
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 22.0
Average law °C (°F) 7.3
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0
Average precipitation days 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2
Average relative humidity (%) 57.0 50.0 44.0 36.0 30.0 31.0 37.0 43.0 45.0 44.0 51.0 56.0 43.67
Mean monthly sunshine oors 279 251 310 300 341 390 403 372 330 310 270 248 3,804
Soorce: Climate Charts [4]

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sohag is linked tae Giza an Northren ceeties through three main roads: road o Asyut Wastren Desert, Eastren Desert Road, Rural Road an aa connectit tae it through the train.

In Februar 2010 a new heich-gate linkin the ceety tae the Red Sea ceety o Hurghada wis opened facilitatin the ease the muivement atween Upper Egyp an the Red Sea coastal region.

In Meey 2010, the Egyptian Preses Hosni Mubarak inauguratit a brand new airport tae serve the ceety cried Sohag Internaitional Airport.

Ceety Distance (km)
Alexandria 692
Port Said 691
Ismailia 616
Suez 605
Cairo 471
Aswan 428
Luxor 205
Asyut 98

Ceetyscape[eedit | eedit soorce]

Opera Square Doun Toun Sohag.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sohag is characterized bi vera lairge numbers o graduates in aw fields.

Illiteracy haes continued tae drop due tae schuils (literacy) for aw ages free o chairge.

There are mony schuils an colleges in Sohag maist famous:[5]

Primary schuils:

  • Al-Nasr schuil
  • Huda Sharawi schuil
  • Mulhaqat Al-Mu'allemat schuil

Middle schuils:

  • Ahmad Deifalla schuil
  • Nabawi Muhandis schuil
  • Ali Osman Baltak schuil
  • Tarik Ibn Ziad schuil

High schuils:

  • Sohag Military schuil
  • Abdelmunim Riad schuil
  • Asmaa Bint Abi Bakr schuil

University[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sohag University is a govrenmental university in Sohag. It is on the eastren bank o the Nile. It an aa became an independent university in 2006. Afore 2006, it wis pairt o anither university. There are currently ten colleges in Sohag University, as well as futur plans tae foond mair colleges tae better serve the community. Wi mair than 40,000 unnergraduates it is heichlie ranked in Upper Egyp in terms o unnergraduates numbers.[6]

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

The maist favourite an popular sport in Sohag is fitbaa. Sohag haes mony fitbaa clubs, amang which anerlie Sohag Fitbaa Club an Sohag Railways FC, Which played in the Egyptian Premier League EPL for a few saisons ago. EPL club El Gouna FC uised the Sohag Stadium as a hame grund at times.[7]

Here is a leet of the major sport clubs in the ceety o Sohag:

Sohag FC
Sohag Railway FC
Nil Sohag
Shobban Sohag

Nearbi attractions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Osireion , Abydos

Abydos ane o the maist auncient ceeties o Upper Egyp, an an' a' o the aicht Upper Nome o which it wis the caipital ceety. It an aa considered ane o the maist important airchaeological steids o Auncient Egyp, the sacred ceety o Abydos wis the steid o mony auncient temples, includin a Umm el-Qa'ab, a ryal necropolis whaur early pharaohs wur entombed.

Akhmim haes several mosques an twa Coptic kirks, maintains a weekly mercat, an manufactures cotton guids, notably the blue shirts an check shawls wi silk fringes worn bi the poorer classes o Egyp.

El-Hawawish the auncient necropolis (cemetery) for the ceety o Akhmim.

El-Salamuni comprises a rock-cut chapel dedicatit tae the god Min.

The Meritamen statue in east Akhmim.

Beit Khallaf Ootside the veelage are twa vera lairge brick mastabas frae the Third Dynasty.

Athribis The ceety is the steid o a temple built for the goddess Repyt (Triphis) bi Ptolemy XV Caesarion an subsequent Roman Emperors.

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 26°33′38″N 31°41′30″E / 26.5606°N 31.6917°E / 26.5606; 31.6917