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أسيوط (Arabic)
Assyout city Egypt.jpg
Asyutt is located in Egypt
Location in Egyp
Coordinates: 27°11′N 31°10′E / 27.183°N 31.167°E / 27.183; 31.167
Kintra  Egyp
Govrenorate Asyut
Elevation 70 m (230 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Tot 6,010,500
Time zone EST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) (+20) 88

Asyut (Arabic: أسيوطAsyūṭ) is the caipital o the modren Asyut Govrenorate, Egyp; thare is an auncient ceety nearbi.

Etymologie[eedit | eedit soorce]

in hieroglyphs
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The name o the ceety is derived frae early Egyptian Zawty (Z3JW.TJ) (late Egyptian, Səyáwt) intae the Coptic Syowt ⲥⲓⲟⲟⲩⲧ. In Graeco-Roman Egyp, it wis cried Lycopolis or Lykopolis (Greek: Λυκόπολις, "ἡ Λύκων πόλις"),[1] Lycon,[2] or Lyco [3].

Auncient Asyut[eedit | eedit soorce]

Auncient Asyut wis the caipital o the Thirteent Nome o Upper Egyp (Lycopolites Nome) aroond 3100 BC. It wis locatit on the wastren bank o the Nile. The twa maist prominent gods o Auncient Egyptian Asyut wur Anubis an Wepwawet, baith funerary deities.

Durin the First Intermediate Period, the rulers o "Zawty"; Khety I, Itefibi, an Khety II wur supporters o the Herakleopolitan keengs, o whose domain the Nome formed the soothren limits. The conflict atween this Nome an the soothren Nomes unner the rule o the Eleivent dynasty endit wi the victory o Thebes an the decline o Asyut's importance.

The shield o a keeng named Recamai, who reigned in Upper Egyp (probably durin the "shepherd dynasty" in the "Lawer Kintra"), haes been discovered in Asyut [4]. Lycopolis haes nae remarkable ruins, but in the excavatit chambers o the adjacent rocks are foond mummies o wolves, confirmin the oreegin o its name, as well as a tradition preserved bi Diodorus Siculus [5], tae the effect that an Aethiopian airmy, invadin Egyp, wis repelled ayont the ceety o Elephantine bi packs o wolves. Osiris wis worshipped unner the seembol o a wolf at Lycopolis. He haein, accordin tae a meeth, come "frae the shades" unner that form, tae aid Isis an Horus in their combat wi Typhon [6]. Ither Auncient Egyptian monuments discovered in Asyut include; the Asyut necropolis (wast o the modren ceety), tombs which date tae dynasties Nine, Ten an Twal, an Ramessid tombs o Siese an Amenhotep.

In Graeco-Roman times, there wis a distinct dialect o Coptic spoken in Asyut, kent as "Lycopolitan", efter the Greek name for the ceety. Lesser-uised names for this dialect are "Sub-Akhmimic" an "Assiutic".

Modren Asyut[eedit | eedit soorce]

The day, the ceety o Asyut haes amaist 400,000 inhabitants.[7] It is the Egyptian ceety wi the heicest Coptic Christian concentration. It is an' a' hame tae the University o Asyut, ane o the lairgest universities in Egyp, tae the Assiut Barrage, an tae the Lillian Trasher Orphanage. The Virgin Mary is reportit tae hae appeared in Asyut on 17 August 2000. This apparition is recognized as an offeecial Marian apparition bi the Coptic Orthodox Church.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety o Asyut is locatit tichtly atween twa ranges o aboot 600m-muntains on baith wastren an eastren sides. An interestingly it faws in mid Egyp, away frae the Mediterranean Sea an the Red Sea. Hence, this conditions gives the ceety, nearbi touns an veelages a typical properties o continental climate. Meanin that the ceety haes hairsh an chilly cauld winter weather, an vera hot but non-humid simmers. Durin simmer times, the temperature coud reach 40C and exceed it to 42C. Yet, in winter Asyut gets sub-zero temperatures during nights and frost can be formed easily. While hail or snaw are extremely rare acause o the law averages o the ceety's rain precipitation.

Notable fowk frae Asyut[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twinnins[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Ptol. iv. 5. § 63; Steph. B. s. v.; Strabo xvii. p. 813)
  2. (Plin. v. 9. s. 11)
  3. (Itin. Anton. p. 157)
  4. (Rosellini, Mon. Civ. i. 81.)
  5. (ii. 88; comp. Aelian. Hist. An. x. 28)
  6. (Champollion, Descript. de l'Egypte, vol. i. p. 276; Jollois, Egypte, vol. ii. ch. 13.)
  7. Egypt [ City Population: Cities, Towns, Countries & Provinces, Statistics & Maps ]
  8.  "Lycopolis". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. 

 This airticle incorporates text frae a publication nou in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedie. Robert Appleton Company. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 27°11′N 31°10′E / 27.183°N 31.167°E / 27.183; 31.167