Nile

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Coordinates: 30°10′N 031°06′E / 30.167°N 31.100°E / 30.167; 31.100
Nile
River
The Nile's wattershed
Kintras Ethiopie, Sudan, Egyp, Uganda, Democratic Republic o the Congo, Kenyae, Tanzanie, Rwanda, Burundi, Sooth Sudan
Cities Jinja, Juba, Khartoum, Cairo
Primary source White Nile
 - elevation 2,700 m (8,858 ft)
 - coordinates 02°16′56″S 029°19′53″E / 2.28222°S 29.33139°E / -2.28222; 29.33139
Secondary source Blue Nile
 - location Lake Tana, Ethiopia
 - coordinates 12°02′09″N 037°15′53″E / 12.03583°N 37.26472°E / 12.03583; 37.26472
Source confluence near Khartoum
Mouth
 - location Mediterranean Sea
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 30°10′N 031°06′E / 30.167°N 31.100°E / 30.167; 31.100 [1]
Length 6,650 km (4,132 mi)
Width 2.8 km (2 mi)
Basin 3,400,000 km2 (1,312,747 sq mi)
Discharge
 - average 2,830 m3/s (99,941 cu ft/s)
[2]

The Nile (Arabic: النيل, an-Nīl; Auncient Egyptian: Iteru & Ḥ'pī; Coptic Egyptian: ⲫⲓⲁⲣⲱ, P(h)iaro; Amharic: ዓባይ?, ʿAbbai) is a major north-flawin river in northeastren Africae, generally regardit as the langest river in the warld.[3] It is 6,650 km (4,130 miles) lang. The Nile is an "internaitional" river as its watter resources are shared bi eleven kintras, namely, Tanzanie, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic o the Congo, Kenyae, Ethiopie, Eritrea, Sooth Sudan, Sudan an Egyp.[4] In particular, the Nile River provides the primary watter resoorce, an, tharefore, it is the life artery for its dounstream kintras, such as Egyp an Sudan.[5]

The Nile has twa major tributaries, the White Nile an Blue Nile. The White Nile is langer an rises in the Great Lakes region o central Africae, wi the maist distant soorce still undetermined but locatit in either Rwanda or Burundi. It flaws north through Tanzanie, Lake Victoria, Uganda an Sooth Sudan. The Blue Nile is the soorce o maist o the watter an fertile soil. It begins at Lake Tana in Ethiopie at 12°02′09″N 037°15′53″E / 12.03583°N 37.26472°E / 12.03583; 37.26472 an flaws intae Sudan frae the sootheast. The twa rivers meet near the Sudanese caipital o Khartoum.

The northren section o the river flaws almaist entirely through desert, frae Sudan intae Egyp, a kintra whose ceevilization haes dependit on the river syne auncient times. Maist o the population an ceeties o Egyp lie alang those pairts o the Nile valley north o Aswan, an nearly aw the cultural an historical steids o Auncient Egyp are foond alang riverbanks. The Nile ends in a lairge delta that empties intae the Mediterranean Sea.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Nile River at GEOnet Names Server
  2. "The Nile River". Nile Basin Initiative. 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2011. 
  3. "Nile River". Encyclopædia Britannica. 
  4. Oloo, Adams (2007). "The Quest for Cooperation in the Nile Water Conflicts: A Case for Eritrea". African Sociological Review 11 (1). Retrieved 25 July 2011. 
  5. Mohamed Helmy Mahmoud Moustafa ElsanabaryTeleconnection, Modeling, Climate Anomalies Impact and Forecasting of Rainfall and Streamflow of the Upper Blue Nile River Basin. Canada: University of Alberta. 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2012