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Coordinates: 60°N 95°W / 60°N 95°W / 60; -95


Banner o Canadae
Motto: A Mari Usque Ad Mare  (Laitin)
"Frae Sea tae Sea"
Projection o North Americae wi Canadae in green
45°24′N 75°40′W / 45.400°N 75.667°W / 45.400; -75.667
Lairgest ceetyToronto
Offeecial leids
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentFederal pairlamentar
constitutional monarchy[4]
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Julie Payette
Justin Trudeau
Hoose o Commons
1 Julie 1867
11 December 1931
17 Apryle 1982
• Tot aurie
9,984,670 km2 (3,855,100 sq mi) (2nt)
• Water (%)
• Tot laund aurie
9,093,507 km2 (3,511,023 sq mi)
• Q2 2019 estimate
37,602,103[5] (38t)
• 2016 census
• Density
3.92/km2 (10.2/sq mi) (228t)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$1.930 trillion[7] (15t)
• Per capita
$51,546[7] (20t)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Tot
$1.820 trillion[7] (10t)
• Per capita
$48,601[7] (15t)
Gini (2015)negative increase 31.8[8]
HDI (2017)Increase 0.926[9]
verra heich · 12t
CurrencyCanadian dollar ($) (CAD)
Time zoneUTC−3.5 to −8
• Summer (DST)
UTC−2.5 to −7
Date formatyyyy-mm-dd (AD)[10]
Mains electricity120 V–60 Hz
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+1
ISO 3166 codeCA

Canadae is a kintra in North Americae, ane of the northrenmaist in the warld, an the mucklest kintra gaun bi area efter Roushie. It mairches the Unitit States an its watters eiks northart intil the Arctic Ocean tae the Nor' Powl.

Canadae is a federation o ten provinces an three territories. It wis first shapit bi the Breetish North America Act o 1867 an cried the "Dominion o Canadae". It is a pairlamentary representative democracy an is a constitutional monarchy wi Queen Elizabeth II as heid o state.

Canadae's offeicial leids is Inglis an French. The French is spak feckly in Quebec (or Québec in French). Its offeicial estimate o indwallers for 2013 is 35,158,300.[11]

Provinces an territories[eedit | eedit soorce]

A geopolitical map o Canadae, exhibitin its ten provinces an three territories

Canadae is a federation composed o ten provinces an three territories;


Provinces hae mair autonomy than territories. Ilkane hae its ain provincial o territorial symbols.

The provinces are responsible for maist o Canadae's social programs (lik health care, eddication, an welfar an thegether collect mair revenue than the federal govrenment, an almaist unique structuir amang federations in the Yird. Uisin its spendin powers, the federal govrenment can stert national policies in provincial airts, sic as the Canada Health Act; the provinces can opt oot o these but rarelie dae sae in practice. Equalisation payments are made bi the federal govrenment tae ensure that reasonablie uniform standards o services an taxation are kept atween the richer and puirer provinces.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Canadae's de facto ryal anthem is "God Save the Queen", that is whiles played or sang thegither wi the naitional anthem, "O Canada", at preevat an public events. Addeetionally, its first three lines are an aw included within the "Viceregal Salute", that is accordit tae the govrenor general an provincial lieutenant govrenors. Houiver, it haes niver been adoptit as an offeecial seembol o the kintra.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Kallmann, Helmut. "National and Royal Anthems". Encyclopedia of Music in Canada. Historica Canada. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  2. "2016 Census of Population—Ethnic Origin". Statistics Canada, Catalog no. 98-400-X2016187. October 25, 2017. Archived frae the oreeginal on October 26, 2017.
  3. "2011 National Household Survey". Statistics Canada. May 8, 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on May 15, 2013.
  4. Dowding, Keith; Dumont, Patrick (2014). The Selection of Ministers around the World. Taylor & Francis. p. 395. ISBN 978-1-317-63444-7.
  5. Statistics Canada (June 20, 2018). "Population estimates quarterly". Retrieved June 20, 2018.
  6. Statistics Canada (February 8, 2017). "Population size and growth in Canada: Key results from the 2016 Census". Archived frae the oreeginal on February 10, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2018, Canada". International Monetary Fund. October 2018. Archived frae the oreeginal on February 21, 2019. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  8. OECD Economic Surveys: Canada 2018. OECD Economic Surveys: Canada. OECD Publishing. 2018. p. 10. doi:10.1787/eco_surveys-can-2018-en. ISBN 978-92-64-30073-6. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  9. "2017 Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. 2017. Retrieved September 14, 2018.
  10. The Govrenment o Canadae an Staundarts Cooncil o Canadae prescribe ISO 8601 as the kintra's offeecial aw-numeric date format: Translation Bureau, Public Works and Government Services Canada (1997). "5.14: Dates". The Canadian style: A guide to writing and editing (Rev. ed.). Toronto: Dundurn Press. p. 97. ISBN 978-1-55002-276-6. The dd/mm/yy an mm/dd/yy formats an aw remeen in common uise; see Date an time notation in Canadae.
  11. "Canada's total population estimates, 2013". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 17 November 2013.