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Nag Hammadi (Arabic: نجع حمادى, IPA: [ˈnæɡʕe ħæmˈmæːdi]), is a ceety in Upper Egyp. Nag Hammadi wis kent as Chenoboskion (Greek: Χηνοβόσκιον) in classical antiquity, meanin "geese grazin grunds". It is locate on the wast bank o the Nile in the Qena Govrenorate, aboot 80 kilometre north-wast o Luxor.
The toun o Nag Hammadi wis established bi Mahmoud Pasha Hammadi, wha wis a member o the Hammadi family in Sohag, Egyp. Mahmoud Pasha Hammadi wis a major landhaulder in Sohag, an kent for his strang opposition tae the Breetish occupation.
Mahmoud Pasha Hammadi creatit Nag Hammadi for the indigenous fowk frae Sohag wha wis forcit tae abandon their hameland bi the Breetish occupation. In recognition o this, the new toun wis gien the name "Hammadi".
The Nag Hammadi Library[eedit | eedit soorce]
Nag Hammadi is best kent for bein the steid whaur local fermers foond a sealed earthenware jar containin thirteen leather-bund papyrus codices, thegither wi pages torn frae anither beuk, in December 1945. The mither o the fermers burned ane o the beuks an pairts o a seicont (includin its cover). Thus twal o these beuks (ane missing its cover) an the loose pages survive. The writins in thir codices, datin back tae the 2nt century AD, comprised 52 maistly Gnostic tractates (treatises), believit tae be a leebrar hidden bi monks frae the nearhaun monastery o St Pachomius whan the possession o sic banned writins, denoonced as heresy, wis made an offence.
The contents o the Coptic-bund codices wis written in Coptic, though the wirks wur likely aw translations frae Greek. Maist famous o thir wirks must be the Gospel o Thomas, o which the Nag Hammadi codices contain the amerlie complete copy.
Aw the texts haes been public syne 1975, an is available online.
Nag Hammadi massacre[eedit | eedit soorce]
Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]
- James M. Robinson (1988). The Nag Hammadi Library. San Francisco: Harper San Francisco.. "The Nag Hammadi library consists of twelve books, plus eight leaves removed from a thirteenth book in late antiquity and tucked inside the front cover of the sixth. These eight leaves comprise a complete text, an independent treatise takken out of a book of collected essays." (p.10)
- Egypt's anxious Copts 'await next catastrophe'
- "Egypt church attack kills Copts". BBC News. 2010-01-07.
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