Gaza Strip

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Gaza Strip
قطاع غزة
Qiṭāʿ Ġazzah
Banner o the Gaza Strip
Palestinian flag
Location o the Gaza Strip
Status

 • Unner the Palestinian Authority accordin tae the Oslo Accords[1]
 • De facto Admeenistratit bi Hamas syne Julie 2007.

 • Claimed bi the State o Palestinea
Caipital
and largest city
Gaza Ceety
31°31′N 34°27′E / 31.517°N 34.450°E / 31.517; 34.450
Offeecial leids Arabic
Ethnic groups
Demonym Gazan
Palestinian
Aurie
• Total
365 km2 (141 sq mi)[2]
Population
• End 2015 estimate
1.85 million[3]
• Density
5,046/km2 (13,069.1/sq mi)
Currency
Time zone UTC+2 (Palestine Staundart Time)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (Palestine Simmer Time)
Cawin code +970
  1. The State o Palestine is recognised bi 137 members o the Unitit Naitions.
  2. Uised syne 1986; as in Israel, replaced the auld Israeli shekel (1980–1985) an the Israeli lira (1967–1980).

The Gaza Strip (Arabic: قطاع غزةQiṭāʿ Ġazzah, IPA: [qɪˈtˤɑːʕ ˈɣazza]) is a territory on the eastren coast o the Mediterranean Sea that borders Egyp on the soothwast (11 km) an Israel on the east an north (51 km (32 mi)). It is 41 kilometres (25 mi) lang, an frae 6 tae 12 kilometres (3.7 tae 7.5 mi) wide, wi a tot aurie o 365 square kilometres (141 sq mi).[4] The population o Gaza Strip is aboot 1.7 million fowk.[5] The population is predominantly Sunni Muslim. Wi a yearly growth rate o aboot 3.2%, the Gaza Strip haes the 7t heichest population growth rate in the warld.[5]

The Gaza Strip acquired its current northren an eastren boundaries at the cessation o fichtin in the 1948 war, confirmed bi the Israel-Egypt Armistice Agreement on 24 Februar 1949.[6] Airticle V o the Agreement declared that the demarcation line wis nae tae be an internaitional border. The Gaza Strip continued tae be occupied bi Egyp. At first Gaza Strip wis offeecially admeenistered bi the Aw-Palestine Govrenment, established bi the Arab League in September 1948. Frae the dissolution o the Aw-Palestine Govrenment in 1959 til 1967, the Gaza Strip wis directly admeenistered bi an Egyptian militar govrenor. Israel captured the Gaza Strip frae Egyp in the Sax-Day War in 1967. Pursuant tae the Oslo Accords signed in 1993, the Palestinian Authority acame the admeenistrative body that govrened Palestinian population centers. Israel maintained control o the airspace, territorial watters an border crossins apairt frae the laund border wi Egyp. Israel widrew frae Gaza in 2005. Syne Julie 2007, followin the 2006 Palestinian legislative election an followin the Hamas takeover in 2007, Hamas haes functioned as the de facto ruler in the Gaza Strip, fairmin an alternative Hamas Govrenment in Gaza.

The Gaza Strip fairms pairt o the Palestinian territories,[7][8][9][10] nou claimed bi the State o Palestine.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Mideast accord: the overview; Rabin and Arafat sign accord ending Israel's 27-year hold on Jericho and the Gaza Strip". Chris Hedges, New York Times, 5 Mey 1994.
  2. The Gaza Strip: The Humanitarian Impact of the Blockade Archived 17 Julie 2015[Date mismatch] at the Wayback Machine.. UN OCHA, July 2015. "1.8 million Palestinians in Gaza are ‘locked in’, denied free access to the remainder of the occupied Palestinian territory and the outside world." Available at Fact Sheets.
  3. Table 3: Projected Population in the State of Palestine by Governorate, End Year 2015. PCBS, Palestinians at the End of 2015, p. 36. Source:
  4. Arie Arnon, Israeli Policy towards the Occupied Palestinian Territories: The Economic Dimension, 1967-2007. MIDDLE EAST JOURNAL, Volume 61, No. 4, AUTUMN 2007 (p. 575)
  5. 5.0 5.1 Gaza Strip Entry at the CIA World Factbook
  6. Egypt Israel Armistice Agreement UN Doc S/1264/Corr.1 23 February 1949
  7. "Palestinian Territories". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2009-04-06. 
  8. "Occupied Palestinian Territory". European Commission. Retrieved 2009-04-06. 
  9. "Israel, the occupied territories and the autonomous territories — ICRC maps". ICRC. Retrieved 2009-04-06. 
  10. "Country profile: Israel and Palestinian territories". London: BBC. 15 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-06. 

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]