Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge

1st row: Homer • King Leonidas • Pericles • Herodotus • Hippocrates
2nd row: Socrates • Plato • Aristotle • Alexander the Great  • Archimedes
3rd row: Hypatia • Basil II • Alexios Komnenos • Gemistos Plethon • El Greco
4th row: Rigas Feraios • Theodoros Kolokotronis • Laskarina Bouboulina • Georgios Karaiskakis • Ioannis Kapodistrias •
5th row: Eleftherios Venizelos • Constantine Cavafy • Georgios Papanikolaou • Archbishop Makarios • Pyrros Dimas
Tot population
14–17 million [1][2]
Regions wi signeeficant populations
 Greece10,219,255a (2001 census)[3][4]
 Unitit States1,390,439[5]-3,000,000b (2009 est.)[6]
 Cyprus690,394a (2011 census)[7]
 Unitit Kinrick400,000 (estimate)[8]
 Australie365,120[9] (2006 census)-700,000b[10]
 Germany294,891 (2007 est.)[11]
 Canadae242,685c (2006 census)[12]
 Albanieapprox. 200,000[13]
 Roushie97,827 (2002 census)[14][15]
 Ukraine91,548 (2001 census)[16]
 Italy90,000d (estimate)[18][19][20]
 Sooth Africae55,000 (2008 estimate)[21]
 Fraunce35,000(2009 est.)[23]
 Argentinae30,000 (2008 estimate)[24]
 Belgium15,742 (2007)[25]
 Serbie725 (2011)[27]
 Kazakhstan13,000 (est) [29]
  Swisserland11,000 estimated [30]
 Uzbekistan9,500 estimate[31]
 Romanie6,500 2002 census [32]
 Armenie1,176 (2002 census)[37]
 New Zealand35,000
Greek, ithers (mainly those o Greek strynd who are assimilatit)
Eastren Orthodox Christianity
(Greek Orthodox Kirk)

a Citizens o Greece an the Republic o Cyprus. The Greek an Cypriot governments dinnae colleck information anent ethnic sel-determination at the naitional censuses.
b Heicher figure includes thaim at haes ancestral descent.
c Thaim whase statit ethnic oreegins includit "Greek" amang ithers. The nummer o thaim whase statit ethnic oreegin is solely "Greek" is 145,250. An additional 3,395 Cypriots of undeclared ethnicity live in Canada.
dApprox. 60,000 Griko people and 30,000 post WW2 migrants.
e "Including descendants".

The Greeks, kent as the Hellenes an aw (Greek: Ἕλληνες, [ˈelines]), are an ethnic group native tae Greece, Cyprus an ither regions. Thay form a significant diaspora, wi Greek commonties establisht aroond the warld.[38]

Greek colonies an commonties haes been historically establisht in maist corners o the Mediterranean, but Greeks hae ayes been centred aroond the Aegean Sea, whaur the Greek leid haes been spoken syne antiquity.[39] Till the early 20t century, Greeks wis uniformly distributit atween the Greek peninsula, the wastren coast o Asie Minor, Pontus, Egyp, Cyprus an Constantinople; mony o thir regions coincidit tae a muckle extent wi the late 11t century Byzantine Empire's mairches an the Eastren Mediterranean auries o the auncient Greek colonization.[40]

In the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922)'s eftercast, a muckle-scale population exchynge atween Greece an Turkey transferred an confined Christians frae Turkey, binna Constantinople (effectively ethnic Greeks) intae the mariches o the modren Greek state an Cyprus. Ither ethnic Greek populations can be foond frae soothrern Italy tae the Caucasus an in diaspora commonties in a nummer o ither kintras. Thir days, maist Greeks are offeecially registered as members o the Greek Orthodox Kirk.[41]

Citations[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Immigration and asylum: from 1900 to the present, Volume 1". Archived frae the original on 21 September 2011. Retrieved 31 Januar 2013.
  2. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 24 Januar 2013. Retrieved 31 Januar 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. The main ethnic groups were Greeks 93.76%, Albanians 4.32%, Bulgarians 0.39%, Romanians 0.23%, Ukrainians 0.18%, Pakistani 0.14%, Russians 0.12%, Georgians 0.12%, Indians 0.09% and others 0.65%.
  4. [1] information from the 2001 Census: The Census recorded 762.191 persons normally resident in Greece and without Greek citizenship, constituting around 7% of total population. Of these, 48.560 are EU or EFTA nationals; there are also 17.426 Cypriots with privileged status.
  5. "Toal ancestry reported United States Census Bureau 2009". Archived frae the original on 12 Februar 2020. Retrieved 31 Januar 2013.
  6. "Greece (08/09)". United States Department of State. August 2009. Retrieved 1 November 2009.
  7. "Cyprus population census 2011". Archived frae the original on 15 Januar 2013. Out of population of 838,897 people, 659,350 were citizens of Cyprus itself and 179,547 of foreign countries, of which 31,044 were citizens of Greece(690,394 overall citizens of Greece and Cyprus).
  8. Duff, Oliver (3 Apryle 2008). "It's All Greek to Boris". The Independent. London. Retrieved 1 October 2009.
  9. "2006 Census Table: Australia". Retrieved 24 December 2008.[deid airtin]
  10. "General Diaspora Information". Hellenic Ministry of Foreign Affairs, General Secretary for Greeks Abroad. Archived frae the original on 2004-10-12. Retrieved 2004. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  11. "Foreign Population". Federal Statistical Office of Germany. Archived frae the original on 12 Februar 2012. Retrieved 18 Januar 2009.
  12. "Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories". Statistics Canada. Archived frae the original on 23 Julie 2013. Retrieved 13 Apryle 2008.
  13. Jeffries, Ian (25 Juin 1993). ''Eastern Europe at the end of the 20th century'', Ian Jeffries, p. 69. ISBN 978-0-415-23671-3. Retrieved 27 August 2010.
  14. Ethnic groups in Russia, 2002 census, Demoscope Weekly. Retrieved 5 February 2009
  15. Russia population census 2002 Archived 2012-08-05 at the Wayback Machine, Vol. 4, Table 1. Retrieved 5 February 2009
  16. "2001 census". State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. Retrieved 13 Apryle 2008.
  17. (in Spaingie) Embajada Griega en Chile.
  18. "Grecia Salentina official site (in Italian)". Archived frae the original on 2010-12-31. Retrieved 2011-February. La popolazione complessiva dell’Unione è di 54278 residenti così distribuiti (Dati Istat al 31° dicembre 2005. Comune Popolazione Calimera 7351 Carpignano Salentino 3868 Castrignano dei Greci 4164 Corigliano d'Otranto 5762 Cutrofiano 9250 Martano 9588 Martignano 1784 Melpignano 2234 Soleto 5551 Sternatia 2583 Zollino 2143 Totale 54278 Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  19. Bellinello, Pier Francesco (1998). Minoranze etniche e linguistiche. Bios. p. 53. ISBN 9788877401212. Le attuali colonie Greche calabresi; La Grecìa calabrese si inscrive nel massiccio aspromontano e si concentra nell'ampia e frastagliata valle dell'Amendolea e nelle balze più a oriente, dove sorgono le fiumare dette di S. Pasquale, di Palizzi e Sidèroni e che costituiscono la Bovesia vera e propria. Compresa nei territori di cinque comuni (Bova Superiore, Bova Marina, Roccaforte del Greco, Roghudi, Condofuri), la Grecia si estende per circa 233 kmq. La popolazione anagrafica complessiva è di circa 14.000 unità.
  20. "Hellenic Republic Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Italy, The Greek Community". Archived frae the original on 17 Julie 2006. Retrieved 31 Januar 2013. Greek community. The Greek diaspora consists of some 30,000 people, most of whom are to be found in Central Italy. There has also been an age-old presence of Italian nationals of Greek descent, who speak the Greco dialect peculiar to the Magna Graecia region. This dialect can be traced historically back to the era of Byzantine rule, but even as far back as classical antiquity.
  21. "Hellenic Republic Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Greece and sub-Saharan African Countries Bilateral Relations". Archived frae the original on 5 Juin 2008. Retrieved 31 Januar 2013.
  22. "The Greek Community". Archived frae the original on 13 Juin 2007. Retrieved 31 Januar 2013.
  23. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 14 Julie 2006. Retrieved 14 Julie 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. "Hellenic Republic Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Argentina, The Greek Community". Archived frae the original on 17 Julie 2006. Retrieved 31 Januar 2013.
  25. "Ecodata, Belgian Statistics". Archived frae the original on 8 October 2002. Retrieved 31 Januar 2013.
  26. Eurominority: Greeks in Georgia Archived 2009-01-16 at the Wayback Machine
  27. Glas Javnosti: Nama su samo Srbi braća
  28. "Greek community of Sweden". Hellenic Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Archived frae the original on 14 Julie 2006. Retrieved 31 Januar 2013.
  29. "Ethnodemographic situation in Kazakhstan" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 7 Mairch 2008. Retrieved 31 Januar 2013.
  30. "Switzerland". Archived frae the original on 16 December 2009. Retrieved 24 December 2008.
  31. "GREEKS IN UZBEKISTAN - Central Asia-Caucasus Institute Analyst". Retrieved 24 December 2008.
  32. "Recensamant Romania 2002 < Articole InfoAfaceri <". Retrieved 24 December 2008.
  33. Hellenic Republic: Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Austria: The Greek Community
  34. "". Archived frae the original on 29 Mairch 2014. Retrieved 31 Januar 2013.
  35. Bulgarian Census statistics.
  36. "Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Archived frae the original on 13 Mey 2007. Retrieved 13 Mey 2007.
  37. National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia: 2002 census Archived 2010-06-02 at the Wayback Machine
  38. Roberts 2007, pp. 171–172, 222.
  39. "The Greeks". Encyclopædia Britannica. US: Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. 2008. Online Edition.
  40. Beaton, R. (1996). The Medieval Greek Romance. Routledge. pp. 1–25. ISBN 0-415-12032-2. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |coauthors= (help)
  41. CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, ithers 0.7%.