Byzantine Empire

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Byzantine Empire
Βασιλεία Ῥωμαίων, Ῥωμανία
Basileia Rhōmaiōn, Rhōmanía
Imperium Romanum, Romania
"Roman Empire"
Dio coin3.jpg
c. 330 – 1204
1261 – 1453

Solidus wi the image o Justinian the Great
(527-565) (see Byzantine insignia)

The Empire at its greatest extent in 555 AD unner
Justinian the Great
Caipital Constantinople
  • Laitin (offeecial till 620)
  • Greek (offeecial efter 620)
Releegion Roman paganism till 380.
Christianity (toleratit efter the Edict o Milan in 313; state releegion efter 380); Orthodox Christianity efter 1054.
Government Absolutist autocracy
 -  330–337 Constantine I
 -  1449–1453 Constantine XI
Historical era Late AntiquityLate Middle Ages
 -  Pairteetion o the Roman Empire 285
 -  Foonding o Constantinople 330
 -  Daith o Theodosius I 395
 -  Nominal end o Wastren Empire 476
 -  Fowert Crusade 1204
 -  Reconquest o Constantinople 1261
 -  Faw o Constantinople 29 Mey 1453
 -  Faw o Trebizond 15 August 1461
 -  565 AD est. 26,000,000a 
 -  780 AD est. 7,000,000 
 -  1025 AD est. 12,000,000 
 -  1143 AD est. 10,000,000 
 -  1282 AD est. 5,000,000 
Siller Solidus, Hyperpyron
a. See Population o the Byzantine Empire for mair detailed figures taken providit bi McEvedy and Jones, "Atlas of World Population History", 1978, as well as Angeliki E. Laiou, "The Economic History of Byzantium", 2002.
Wairnin: Value specified for "continent" does not comply

The Byzantine Empire wis the predominantly Greek-speakin continuation o the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity an the Middle Ages. Its caipital ceety wis Constantinople (modren-day Istanbul), oreeginally kent as Byzantium. Initially the eastren hauf o the Roman Empire (eften cried the Eastren Roman Empire in this context), it survived the 5t century fragmentation an collapse o the Wastren Roman Empire an continued tae exist for an addeetional thoosand years till it fell tae the Ottoman Turks in 1453. During maist o its existence, the empire wis the maist pouerful economic, cultural, an militar force in Europe. Baith "Byzantine Empire" an "Eastren Roman Empire" are historiographical terms applied in later centuries; its ceetizens continued tae refer tae thair empire as the Roman Empire (Auncient Greek: Βασιλεία Ῥωμαίων, tr. Basileia Rhōmaiōn; Laitin: Imperium Romanum),[1] an Romanie (Ῥωμανία).[2]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Kazhdan & Epstein 1985, p. 1.
  2. Millar 2006, pp. 2, 15; James 2010, p. 5; Freeman 1999, pp. 431, 435–437, 459-462; Baynes & Moss 1948, p. xx; Ostrogorsky 1969, p. 27; Kaldellis 2007, pp. 2–3; Kazhdan & Constable 1982, p. 12; Norwich 1998, p. 383.