El Greco

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El Greco
El Greco - Portrait of a Man - WGA10554.jpg
Portrait o a Man (presumed sel-portrait o El Greco), c. 1595–1600, ile on canvas, 52.7 × 46.7 cm, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Ceety, Unitit States[1]
Born Doménikos Theotokópoulos
Heraklion, Crete, Greece
Died 7 Aprile 1614 (aged 72–73)
Toledo, Spain
Naitionality Greek
Kent for Pentin, sculptur an airchitectur
Notable wirk(s) El Expolio (1577–1579)
The Assumption o the Virgin (1577–1579)
The Burial o the Coont o Orgaz (1586–1588)
View o Toledo (1596–1600)
Openin o the Fift Seal (1608–1614)
Muivement Mannerism

Doménikos Theotokópoulos (Greek: Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος [ðoˈminikos θeotoˈkopulos]; 1541 – 7 Aprile 1614), maist widely kent as El Greco, wis a penter, sculptor an airchitect o the Spaingie Renaissance. "El Greco" ("The Greek") wis a nickname,[a][b] a reference tae his Greek origin, an the airtist normally signed his pentings wi his full birth name in Greek letters, Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος (Doménikos Theotokópoulos), eften addin the wird Κρής (Krēs, "Cretan").

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

a. ^ Theotokópoulos acquired the name "El Greco" in Italy, whaur the custom o identifyin a man bi designatin a kintra or ceety o origin wis a common practice. The curious form o the airticle (El) mey be frae the Venetian dialect or mair likely frae the Spaingie, tho in Spaingie his name would be "El Griego".[2] The Cretan master wis generally kent in Italy an Spain as Dominico Greco, an wis cried anly efter his daith El Greco (Spaingie pronunciation: [el greˈko]).[3]

b. ^ Accordin tae a contemporary, El Greco acquired his name, nae anly for his place o origin, but an aa for the sublimity o his airt: "Oot o the great esteem he was held in he wis cried the Greek (il Greco)" (comment o Giulio Cesare Mancini aboot El Greco in his Chronicles, which war written a few years efter El Greco's daith).[4]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Metropolitan Museum of Art
  2. "Greco, El". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2002. 
  3. Cormack, R.; Vassilaki, M. (August 1, 2005). "The baptism of Christ: New light on early El Greco". Apollo. ISSN 0003-6536. Retrieved Julie 1, 2015 – via The Free Library. 
  4. P. Prevelakis, Theotocópoulos—Biography, 47