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Plato (or Platae) (Inglis pronunciation: /ˈpleɪtoʊ/; Greek: Πλάτων, Plátōn, "broad"[1]; 427/428 BC[a] – 347/348 BC), wis a Classical Greek philosopher, mathematician, writer o philosophical dialogues, an foonder o the Academy in Athens, the first institution o heicher learnin in the Wastren warld. Alang wi his mentor, Socrates, an his student, Aristotle, Plato helped tae lay the foondations o Wastren philosophy an science.[2] Plato wis oreeginally a student o Socrates, an wis as muckle influenced bi his thinkin as bi his apparently unjuist execution.

Plato's sophistication as a writer is evident in his Socratic dialogues; thirtie-sax dialogues an thirteen letters hae been ascribed tae him. Plato's writins hae been published in several fashions; this haes led tae several conventions regardin the namin an referencin o Plato's texts.

Plato's dialogues hae been uised tae teach a range o subjects, includin philosophy, logic, rhetoric an mathematics.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Diogenes Laertius 3.4; p. 21, David Sedley, Plato's Cratylus, Cambridge University Press 2003
  2. "Plato". Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2002.