Caracal

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Caracal[1]
Conservation status
Scienteefic classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Subfamily: Felinae
Genus: Caracal
Gray, 1843
Species: C. caracal
Binomial name
Caracal caracal
(Schreber, 1776)
Type species
Caracal melanotis
Gray, 1843 (Felis caracal Schreber, 1776)
Synonyms

Felis caracal

The caracal /ˈkærəkæl/ (Caracal caracal), an aa kent as the desert lynx, is a wild cat that is widely distributit athort Africae, central Asie an soothwast Asie intae Indie. In 2002 the IUCN leetit the caracal as Least Concern as it is widespread an relatively common. The felid is considered threatened in north Africae, an rare in the central Asie republics an Indie.[2]

The German naituralist Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber first describit Felis caracal in 1776 frae a specimen collectit frae Table Muntain, Sooth Africae, which is considered the type locality o the species.[3] The generic name Caracal wis first uised bi the Breetish naituralist John Edward Gray in 1843 on the basis o a type specimen collectit near the Cape o Guid Hope.[4][5]

The caracal haes been classified variously wi Lynx an Felis in the past, but molecular evidence supports a monophyletic genus that is closely allied wi the African gowden cat an serval.[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 533. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Breitenmoser, C., Henschel, P. and Sogbohossou, E. (2008). "Caracal caracal". IUCN Red Leet o Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. Internaitional Union for Conservation o Naiture. 
  3. Allen, J. A., Lang, H., Chapin, J. P. (1924). "Carnivora collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 47: 73−281. 
  4. Pocock, R. I. (1939). The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Mammalia. – Volume 1. Taylor and Francis Ltd., London. Pages 306–310
  5. Gray, J. E. (1843). List of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum. The Trustees of the British Museum, London.
  6. Johnson, W. E.; Eizirik, E.; Pecon-Slattery J.; Murphy, W. J.; Antunes, A.; Teeling, E.; O'Brien, S. J. (2006). "The late miocene radiation of modern felidae: A genetic assessment". Science 311 (5757): 73−77. 

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