Achaemenid Empire

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Achaemenid Empire
امپراطوری بزرگ هخامنشیان
550 BC–330 BC
 


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Greatest territorial extent o the Achaemenid Empire
Hauldin warld record for reignin ower nearly hauf of the population o the warld at the time.
Caipital Babylon[1] (main caipital), Pasargadae, Ecbatana, Susa, Persepolis
Leids Persie[a]
Aramaic[b]
Akkadian[2]
Median
Greek[3]
Elamite
Sumerian[c]
Releegion Zoroastrianism, Babylonian[4]
Government Feudal Monarchy
xšāyaϑiya (Keeng) or xšāyaϑiya xšāyaϑiyānām (Keeng o Keengs)
 -  559–529 BC Cyrus the Great
 -  336–330 BC Darius III
Historical era Clessical antiquity
 -  Persie Revolt 550 BC
 -  Conquest o Lydia 547 BC
 -  Conquest o Babylon 539 BC
 -  Conquest o Egyp 525 BC
 -  Greco-Persie Wars 499–449 BC
 -  Seicont conquest o Egyp 343 BC
 -  Faw tae Macedonie 330 BC
Aurie
 -  500 BC 8,500,000 km² (3,281,868 sq mi)
Population
 -  500 BC est.[5] 50,000,000 
     Density 5.9 /km²  (15.2 /sq mi)
Siller Daric, Siglos
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Median Empire
Neo-Babylonian Empire
Lydia
Twenty-saxt dynasty o Egyp
Macedonia (ancient kingdom)
Gandhara kingdom
Sogdia
Massagetae
Macedonian Empire
Twenty-aicht Dynasty o Egyp
The day pairt o
a. ^ Native leid.
b. ^ Offeecial leid an lingua franca.[9]
c. ^ Leeterary leid in Babylonie.

The Achaemenid Empire, an aa cried the First Persie Empire,[10] wis an empire based in Wastren Asie, foondit bi Cyrus the Great, notable for embracin various ceevilisations an acomin the lairgest empire o the auncient history, spannin at its maximum extent frae the Balkans an Eastren Europe proper in the wast, tae the Indus Valley in the east.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Yarshater, Ehsan (1993). The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 3. Cambridge University Press. p. 482. ISBN 978-0-521-20092-9. Of the four residences of the Achaemenids named by HerodotusEcbatana, Pasargadae or Persepolis, Susa and Babylon — the last [situated in Iraq] was maintained as their most important capital, the fixed winter quarters, the central office of bureaucracy, exchanged only in the heat of summer for some cool spot in the highlands. Under the Seleucids and the Parthians the site of the Mesopotamian capital moved a little to the north on the Tigris — to Seleucia and Ctesiphon. It is indeed symbolic that these new foundations were built from the bricks of ancient Babylon, just as later Baghdad, a little further upstream, was built out of the ruins of the Sassanian double city of Seleucia-Ctesiphon. 
  2. Harald Kittel, Juliane House, Brigitte Schultze; Juliane House; Brigitte Schultze (2007). Traduction: encyclopédie internationale de la recherche sur la traduction. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 1194–5. ISBN 978-3-11-017145-7. 
  3. Greek and Iranian, E. Tucker, A History of Ancient Greek: From the Beginnings to Late Antiquity, ed. Anastasios-Phoivos Christidēs, Maria Arapopoulou, Maria Chritē, (Cambridge University Press, 2001), 780.
  4. Boiy, T. (2004). Late Achaemenid and Hellenistic Babylon. Peeters Publishers. p. 101. ISBN 978-90-429-1449-0. 
  5. Yarshater (1996, p. 47)
  6. Security and Territoriality in the Persian Gulf: A Maritime Political Geography by Pirouz Mojtahed-Zadeh, page 119
  7. 7.0 7.1 http://www.livius.org/maa-mam/maka/maka.html
  8. 8.0 8.1 Behistun Inscription
  9. Josef Wiesehöfer, Ancient Persia, (I.B. Tauris Ltd, 2007), 119.
  10. Sampson, Gareth C. (2008). The Defeat of Rome: Crassus, Carrhae and the Invasion of the East. Pen & Sword Books Limited. p. 33. ISBN 9781844156764. Cyrus the Great, founder of the First Persian Empire (c. 550–330 BC). 

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