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State o Qatar

دولة قطر
Dawlaṫ Qaṭar
Anthemالسلام الأميري (Arabic)
As Salam al Amiri  (transleeteration)
Amiri Salute

Location an extent o Qatar (dark green) on the Arabian Peninsula.
Location an extent o Qatar (dark green) on the Arabian Peninsula.
Location o Qatar
25°18′N 51°31′E / 25.300°N 51.517°E / 25.300; 51.517
Lairgest ceetycapital
Offeecial leidsArabic
GovrenmentUnitary pairlamentary constitutional monarchy
• Emir
Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
Khalid bin Khalifa
LegislaturConsultative Assembly
18 December 1878
• Declared Unthirldom

1 September 1971
• Unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick

3 September 1971
• Total
11,571 km2 (4,468 sq mi) (164th)
• Water (%)
• 2014 estimate
2,155,446[1] (142nt)
• 2010 census
1,699,435[2] (148t)
• Density
176/km2 (455.8/sq mi) (76t)
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
• Total
$214.575 billion[3]
• Per capita
$96,993[3] (1st)
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
• Tot
$213.784 billion[3]
• Per capita
$96,635[3] (2nt)
Gini (2007)41.1[4]
HDI (2013)Steady 0.851[5]
verra heich · 31st
CurrencyRiyal (QAR)
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+974
ISO 3166 codeQA
Internet TLD

Qatar (Arabic: قطر[ˈqɑtˁɑr] local pronunciation: [ɡitˁar][6]), kent offeecially as the State o Qatar or locally Dawlat Qaṭar, is an Arab kintra, kent offeecially as an emirate, in the Middle East, occupeein the sma Qatar Peninsulae on the northeasterly strand o the muckle lairger Arabian Peninsulae. It is bordered bi Saudi Arabie soothle; itherwise, the Persian Gulf surroonds the state. A kyle o the Persian Gulf sinders Qatar frae the nearhaun island nàtion o Bahrain. Qatar is an ile- an gas-rich naition, wi the third lairgest gas reserves,[7] an the first[8] or seicont[9] heichest GDP per capita in the warld. An absolute monarchy, Qatar haes been ringit bi the al-Thani faimlie syne the mid-19t century an haes syne transformed itsel frae a Breetish protectorate notit mainly for pearlin intae an independent state wi significant ile an natural gas revenues.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Population structure". Qatar Statistics Authority. 31 August 2013. Archived frae the original on 30 November 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
  2. "Populations". Archived frae the original on 9 Julie 2010. Retrieved 2 October 2010.
  3. a b c d "Qatar". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 20 Apryle 2012.
  4. "GINI index". World Bank. Retrieved 22 Januar 2013.
  5. "2014 Human Development Report Summary" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2014. pp. 21–25. Retrieved 27 Julie 2014.
  6. Johnstone, T.M. "Ķaṭar." Encyclopaedia of Islam. Edited by: P. Bearman , Th. Bianquis , C.E. Bosworth , E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs. Brill, 2008. Brill Online. 04 April 2009[deid airtin]
  7. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 9 Mairch 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. World Economic Outlook Database-April 2010, International Monetary Fund. Retrieved April 21, 2010.
  9. "Middle East :: Qatar". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived frae the original on 24 December 2018. Retrieved 12 August 2009.