Baghdad

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Baghdad
Ceety
بغداد Baġdād
Baghdad owerleukin the Tigris
Baghdad owerleukin the Tigris
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Coordinates: 33°20′00″N 44°26′00″E / 33.33333°N 44.43333°E / 33.33333; 44.43333
Kintra Iraq
ProvinceBaghdad
Established762 AD
Foondit biAbu Jafar al-Mansour
Govrenment
 • TeepMayor-cooncil
 • BodiBaghdad Ceety Advisory Cooncil
 • MayorSaber Nabet Al-Essawi
Area
 • Total2260.2 km2 (872.7 sq mi)
Elevation
34 m (112 ft)
Population
 • Estimate 
(2011)
7,216,040
 • Rank1st
 [1][2]
Time zoneUTC+3 (Arabie Staundart Time)
 • Summer (DST)No DST

Baghdad (Persie[3][4][5][6]; Arabic: بغداد‎, Baġdād, IPA: [bæɣˈdæːd]) is the caipital o Iraq an o Baghdad Province, wi whilk it is coterminous. Haein a population estimatit atween 7 an 7.5 million, it is the lairgest ceety in Iraq[1][2] an the seicont lairgest ceety in the Arab Warld (efter Cairo, Egyp).

Locatit on the River Tigris, the ceety dates back tae the 8t century. Baghdad haes a past as a centre o the Arab an Muslim warld especially durin the Abbasid Caliphate.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b Estimates o tot population differ substantially. The Encyclopædia Britannica gies a 2001 population o 4,950,000, the 2006 Lancet Report states a population o 7,216,050 in 2011.
    • "Baghdad" Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 30 November 2016.
    • "[1]". freemit airtin in |title= (help); Missing or empty |url= (help) (110 KB). Bi Gilbert Burnham, Riyadh Lafta, Shannon Doocy, an Les Roberts. The Lancet, 11 October 2006
    • Baghdad frae GlobalSecurity.org
  2. a b "Cities and urban areas in Iraq with population over 100,000", Mongabay.com
  3. A Concise Pahlavi Dictionary. MacKenzie. Routledge Publications 2000
  4. "ما معنى اسم مدينة بغداد ومن سماه ؟". Seenjeem.maktoob.com. Retrieved 27 Apryle 2010. Archived 2012-07-13 at Archive.today
  5. "ما معنى (بغداد)؟ - تمت الإجابة عنه - Google إجابات". Egabat.google.com. Retrieved 27 Apryle 2010. Archived 2013-01-14 at WebCite
  6. Guy Le Strange, Baghdad During the Abbasid Caliphate from Contemporary Arabic and Persian, p. 10
  7. "Twinning the Cities". City of Beirut. Retrieved 13 Januar 2008. Archived 2008-02-21 at the Wayback Machine
  8. Iraqi capital of Baghdad twinned with North Yemen counterpart of Sanaa [Yemen news items 1989:Twinning]
  9. http://www.neishabourcity.com/shahrdari/index.php Archived 2011-05-14 at the Wayback Machine