Baghdad

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Baghdad
Ceety
بغداد Baġdād
Baghdad owerleukin the Tigris
Baghdad owerleukin the Tigris
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Coordinates: 33°20′00″N 44°26′00″E / 33.33333°N 44.43333°E / 33.33333; 44.43333
Kintra Iraq
ProvinceBaghdad
Established762 AD
Foondit biAbu Jafar al-Mansour
Govrenment
 • TeepMayor-cooncil
 • BodiBaghdad Ceety Advisory Cooncil
 • MayorSaber Nabet Al-Essawi
Area
 • Total2260.2 km2 (872.7 sq mi)
Elevation
34 m (112 ft)
Population
 • Estimate 
(2011)
7,216,040
 • Rank1st
 [1][2]
Time zoneUTC+3 (Arabie Staundart Time)
 • Summer (DST)No DST

Baghdad (Persie[3][4][5][6]; Arabic: بغداد‎, Baġdād, IPA: [bæɣˈdæːd]) is the caipital o Iraq an o Baghdad Province, wi whilk it is coterminous. Haein a population estimatit atween 7 an 7.5 million, it is the lairgest ceety in Iraq[1][2] an the seicont lairgest ceety in the Arab Warld (efter Cairo, Egyp).

Locatit on the River Tigris, the ceety dates back tae the 8t century. Baghdad haes a past as a centre o the Arab an Muslim warld especially durin the Abbasid Caliphate.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Estimates o tot population differ substantially. The Encyclopædia Britannica gies a 2001 population o 4,950,000, the 2006 Lancet Report states a population o 7,216,050 in 2011.
    • "Baghdad" Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 30 November 2016.
    • "[1]". freemit airtin in |title= (help); Missing or empty |url= (help) (110 KB). Bi Gilbert Burnham, Riyadh Lafta, Shannon Doocy, an Les Roberts. The Lancet, 11 October 2006
    • Baghdad frae GlobalSecurity.org
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Cities and urban areas in Iraq with population over 100,000", Mongabay.com
  3. A Concise Pahlavi Dictionary. MacKenzie. Routledge Publications 2000
  4. "ما معنى اسم مدينة بغداد ومن سماه ؟". Seenjeem.maktoob.com. Retrieved 27 Apryle 2010.
  5. "ما معنى (بغداد)؟ - تمت الإجابة عنه - Google إجابات". Egabat.google.com. Retrieved 27 Apryle 2010.
  6. Guy Le Strange, Baghdad During the Abbasid Caliphate from Contemporary Arabic and Persian, p. 10
  7. "Twinning the Cities". City of Beirut. Retrieved 13 Januar 2008.
  8. Iraqi capital of Baghdad twinned with North Yemen counterpart of Sanaa [Yemen news items 1989:Twinning]
  9. http://www.neishabourcity.com/shahrdari/index.php