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Median Empire

c. 678 BC–549 BC
A map of the Median Empire; based on Herodotus
A map of the Median Empire; based on Herodotus
Common leidsMedian
Old Iranian religion (related to Mithraism, early Zoroastrianism)
• 678–665 BC
Deioces or Kashtariti
• 665–633 BC
• 625–585 BC
• 589–549 BC
Historical eraIron Age
• Established
c. 678 BC
• Conquered by Cyrus the Great
549 BC
585 BC[1][2]2,800,000 km2 (1,100,000 sq mi)
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Neo-Assyrian Empire
Achaemenid Empire

The Medes[N 1] (/mdz/, Auld Persie Māda-, Ancient Greek: Μῆδοι, Hebrew: מָדַי‬) war an auncient Iranian fowk[N 2] wha lived in an aurie kent as Medie (northwestren Iran) an who spoke the Median leid.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Accordin tae the OED entry "Mede", the wird is frae Clessical Laitin Mēdus (uisually as plural, Mēdī) frae auncient Greek (Attic an Ionic) Μῆδος (Cypriot ma-to-i Μᾶδοι, plural) frae Auld Persie Māda.[3]
  2. A) "..and the Medes (Iranians of what is now north-west Iran).." EIEC (1997:30). B) "Archaeological evidence for the religion of the Iranian-speaking Medes of the .." (Diakonoff 1985, p. 140). C) ".. succeeded in uniting into a kingdom the many Median tribes" (frae Encyclopædia Britannica [4]). D) "Proto-Iranian split into Western (Median, and others) and Eastern (Scythian, Ossetic, Saka, Pamir and others)..." (Kuz'mina, Elena E. (2007), The origin of the Indo-Iranians, J. P. Mallory (ed.), BRILL, p. 303, ISBN 978-90-04-16054-5)

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Turchin, Peter; Adams, Jonathan M.; Hall, Thomas D (December 2006). "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires". Journal of world-systems research. 12 (2): 223. ISSN 1076-156X. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
  2. Taagepera, Rein (1979). "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth-Decline Curves, 600 B.C. to 600 A.D." Social Science History. 3 (3/4): 121. doi:10.2307/1170959. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
  3. OED Online "entry Mede, n.".:
  4. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Media (ancient region, Iran)