Medes

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Median Empire
Mādai

 

c. 678 BC–549 BC
A map of the Median Empire; based on Herodotus
Caipital Ecbatana
Leids Median
Releegion Old Iranian religion (related to Mithraism, early Zoroastrianism)
Government Monarchy
King
 -  678–665 BC Deioces or Kashtariti
 -  665–633 BC Phraortes
 -  625–585 BC Cyaxares
 -  589–549 BC Astyages
Historical era Iron Age
 -  Established c. 678 BC
 -  Conquered by Cyrus the Great 549 BC
Aurie
 -  585 BC[1][2] 2,800,000 km² (1,081,086 sq mi)
Wairnin: Value specified for "continent" does not comply

The Medes[N 1] (/mdz/, Auld Persie Māda-, Auncient Greek: Μῆδοι, Ebreu: מָדַי‎) war an auncient Iranian fowk[N 2] wha lived in an aurie kent as Medie (northwestren Iran) an who spoke the Median leid.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Accordin tae the OED entry "Mede", the wird is frae Clessical Laitin Mēdus (uisually as plural, Mēdī) frae auncient Greek (Attic an Ionic) Μῆδος (Cypriot ma-to-i Μᾶδοι, plural) frae Auld Persie Māda.[3]
  2. A) "..and the Medes (Iranians of what is now north-west Iran).." EIEC (1997:30). B) "Archaeological evidence for the religion of the Iranian-speaking Medes of the .." (Diakonoff 1985, p. 140). C) ".. succeeded in uniting into a kingdom the many Median tribes" (frae Encyclopædia Britannica [4]). D) "Proto-Iranian split into Western (Median, and others) and Eastern (Scythian, Ossetic, Saka, Pamir and others)..." (Kuz'mina, Elena E. (2007), The origin of the Indo-Iranians, J. P. Mallory (ed.), BRILL, p. 303, ISBN 978-90-04-16054-5 )

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Turchin, Peter; Adams, Jonathan M.; Hall, Thomas D (December 2006). "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires". Journal of world-systems research. 12 (2): 223. ISSN 1076-156X. Retrieved 16 September 2016. 
  2. Taagepera, Rein (1979). "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth-Decline Curves, 600 B.C. to 600 A.D.". Social Science History. 3 (3/4): 121. doi:10.2307/1170959. Retrieved 16 September 2016. 
  3. OED Online "entry Mede, n.".:
  4. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Media (ancient region, Iran)