Zarqa

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Zarqa

مدينة الزرقاء
az-Zarqāʔ
Ceety
Az Zarqā
The Zarqa Center o Commerce
The Zarqa Center o Commerce
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Coordinates: 32°05′N 36°06′E / 32.083°N 36.100°E / 32.083; 36.100
Kintra Jordan
GovrenorateZarqa Govrenorate
Settled1902
Municipality1929
Govrenment
 • TeepMunicipality
 • MayorEngineer Emad Almomani
Area
 • Total60 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation
619 m (2,031 ft)
Population
 (2004)
 • Total395,227
Time zoneUTC+2 (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (UTC+3)
Area code(s)+(962)5
Websitehttp://www.zm.gov.jo

Zarqa (Arabic: الزرقاء‎; BGN: Az Zarqāʼ; local pronunciation ez-Zergā, ez-Zer'a, or ez-Zarka) is a ceety in Jordan locatit tae the northeast o Amman. Zarqa is the caipital o Zarqa Govrenorate (Arabic Muhāfazat az-Zarqā). Its name means "the blue ane".

Owerview[eedit | eedit soorce]

Zarqa frae a train on the Hejaz Railway

Zarqa is Jordan's industrial centre, hame taw ower 50% o Jordanian factories. The growthe o industry in the ceety is the result o law real estate costs an proximity tae the caipital, Amman. The ceety o Zarqa wis established bi immigrants frae the Caspian Sea region at the beginnin o the twintiet century, initially on the banks o the Zarqa River, the population grew steadily wi the construction o the Hejaz railway bi the Ottomans. The bases o the Jordanian airmy, umwhile caeed the Arab Legion, wur locatit in Zarqa.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The first dounset in the ceety wis in 1902 bi Chechen immigrants who wur displaced frae the wars atween the Ottoman an Roushie Empires. Thay settled alang the Zarqa River. At that time a station on the Hejaz railway wis biggit in the new dounset, this railway station turned Zarqa intae an important hub. On Aprile 10, 1905 the Ottoman govrenor issued a decree that alloued the Chechen immigrants tae awn lands which thay settled on. The population then quickly grew in size. On November 18, 1928 the new Jordanian govrenment issued a decree tae establish the first municipal cooncil for Zarqa.

Efter the Jordan Frontier Force wis formed in 1926, military bases wur constructit in the ceety bi the Breetish airmy, an the ceety later became kent as the "military ceety".[1]

Year Population
1903 1000
1928 6000
1952 28456

Destricts o Greater Zarqa Municipality[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety o Zarqa is dividit intae five destricts that aw thegither hae an aurie o aboot 60 km2, an anither twa destricts athin the radius o influence o the ceety.

Destrict Aurie (Km2)
1 First Destrict (Ceety center) 2.96
2 Seicont Destrict (Althawra Al-Arabiya) 11.3
3 Third Destrict (Ewajan) 12.2
4 Fort Destrict (Zawahreh) 16
5 Fift Destrict (New Zarqa) 17
6 Sports Complex Destrict 3.5
7 Zarqa Ceety Gardens Destrict 19

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

A new railway will be constructit tae connect Amman wi Az-Zarqa. The project is nou bein developed bi a Spainyie engineerin company an will be peyed wi Kuwaiti funds.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thare are three varsities in Zarqa: Hashemite University, Al-Balqa Applee'd University-Zarqa college, an Zarqa Private University.

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 32°05′N 36°06′E / 32.083°N 36.100°E / 32.083; 36.100