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مدينة إربد

Arabella (Auncient Greek)
Bride o the North in Arabic: عروس الشمال
Irbid is located in Jordan
Coordinates: 32°33′0″N 35°51′0″E / 32.55000°N 35.85000°E / 32.55000; 35.85000
ProvinceIrbid Govrenorate
Foondit5000 B.C.
 • TeepMunicipality
 • MayorGhazi Kofahi
 • Metro
410 km2 (158.30 sq mi)
Elevation620 m (2034 ft)
 • Ceety292,040
 • Metro
Time zoneGMT +2
 • Summer (DST)+3
Area code(s)+(962)2

Irbid (Arabic: إربد‎), kent in auncient times as Arabella or Arbela , is the caipital an lairgest ceety o the Irbid Govrenorate. It an aa haes the seicont lairgest metropolitan population in Jordan efter Amman, wi a population o aroond 660,000, an is locatit aboot 70 km north o Amman on the northren ridge o the Gilead, equidistant frae Pella, Beit Ras (Capitolias), an Umm Qais.

The ceety o Irbid is the third lairgest ceety in Jordan bi population (efter Amman an Zarqa). Metropolitan Irbid is the seicont lairgest. The province o Irbid Govrenorate haes the seicont lairgest population, an the heichest population density in the kinrick.

The ceety is a major grund transportation hub atween Amman, Sirie tae the north, an Mafraq tae the east.

The Irbid region is an' a' hame tae several colleges an universities, the twa maist prominent being Jordan University of Science and Technology an Yarmouk University.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pottery datin frae the Bronze Age displayed in the Irbid Archaeological Museum
Jordan University of Science and Technology campus

Airtifacts an graves in the aurie show that Irbid haes been inhabitit syne the Bronze Age. Pieces o pottery an waw stanes foond at Tell Irbid wur estimatit tae be made in the year 3200 B.C.[4] In the Hellenistic period, Irbid, then kent as Arabella wis a major trade center an the birthplace o Nittai o Arbela. Afore the advent o Islam, the ceety wis kent as Arabella an wis famous for producin some o the best wines in the auncient warld. The aurie in the region haed extremely fertile soil an moderate climate, allouin the growin o heich quality grapes.

Efter the Muslim conquests, it came unner the rule o the Muslim Empire, the ceety became kent as Irbid, an shiftit frae wine tae olive oil production. Wheat wis an aa an important product in the aurie.

Irbid is notable for being close tae the site o the decisive Battle o Yarmouk, fought alang the banks o the Yarmouk River roughly 30 kilometres north o the ceety. The battle wis waged atween the Islamic Caliphate led bi Umar an the Byzantine Empire. It set the stage for the depairture o Byzantine airmies frae Greater Sirie an the beginnin o the expansion o the Islamic Caliphate.

Present-day[eedit | eedit soorce]

Irbid the day combines the bustle o a provincial Middle Eastren toun an the youthful nichtlife o a typical college toun. University Street, which defines the wastren border o the Yarmouk University campus, is popular wi locals as well as wi the occasional foreign visitors who stop tae relax in ony o its numerous restaurants an cafés.

Though no uisually a major tourist destination itsel, Irbid is hame tae twa notable museums: the Museum o Jordanian Heritage an the Jordan Natural History Museum, baith on the campus o Yarmouk University. Furthermair, Irbid's strategic location in northren Jordan makes it a convenient stairtin point for tourists interestit in seein the northren Jordan Valley; visitin Umm Qais, Beit Ras (Capitolias), Pella, Ajloun, Umm el-Jimal, an ither historical steids; or travelin on tae Sirie.

Destricts o Greater Irbid Municipality[eedit | eedit soorce]

Irbid is dividit intae 23 ceety destricts formin smawer ceeties athin the metropolitan sphere o influence o Irbid:

Destrict Destrict Destrict
1 Al-Taybeh 9 Soom 17 Murow
2 Al Husn 10 Hakama 18 Mughayer
3 Al-Rabia 11 Hashemiyah 19 Naser
4 Al-Sareeh 12 Hawar 20 Rowdah
5 Barha 13 Huwwarah 21 Sal Area
6 Beit Ras 14 Kitim 22 Nu'aimah
7 Bushra 15 Kufr Jayez 23 Nuzha
8 Edun 16 Manarah 17
Huwwarah destrict
The Safeway shoppin center in Irbid
Al-Arabi Sports Club in Irbid
Yarmouk University

Ceeties, Touns, an Veelages Mony veelages surroond the ceety o Irbid includit: Al-Taybeh (الطيبة), Habaka (حبكا‎),Kufr-Rahta( كفررحتا ), Al-Mazar Al-Shamali (المزار الشمالي), Bushra or Bishra (بشرى ), Hareema (حريما), Alal( علعال ), Kufrasad,kufr_Asad (كفرأسد) Al Omari family.North o Irbid , Kufraan (كفرعان), Jumha, Kufryuba, Zahar, Qum, Sammou', Izmal, Kufrelma, Sawm, Saydoor, kufersoom, Sama al-Rousan (سما الروسان), Ibser Abu Ali, Assarieh, Aidoon, Al Hisn, Baleela, Kitim, Beit Ras(بيت راس), Dowgarah, En-Nu`aymeh, Habaka, Houfa Al-Westiyyah, Qumaim, Huwwarah, Imrawah, Ramtha, Sal, Samad, Shajara, Turrah, hatim, melka, foauta , Zoubia, Rehaba, Kharja, Dair yousef, Dair abos'eed, Dair yosef, kufor kefia, summer, e'nbeh, Bayt Yafa (بيت يافا) Dair Esse'neh (دير السعنة), Mandah, Marw قرية مرو الصامدة Zabda, as well as the toun o Malka (ملكا), Bait Idis (بيت ايدس).

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

There wur 70,000 registered students in Irbid's 10 universities, community colleges an institutes, o whom 8,000 wur internaitional students frae 47 kintras.[5] This heich concentration o institutions o heicher education haes played a key role in carvin a unique identity o the ceety. The lairgest universities in Irbid are:

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist o the ceety's economy is based on the services sector, that is directly or indirectly relatit tae the heicher education institutions in the ceety, as an example there are 26 beuk publishin companies in the ceety. The number o internet cafes per caipita is the heichest in the warld that teuk Irbid tae the Guinness Book of World Records. Irbid is considered the cultural caipital o Jordan.[6]

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Irbid-based club Al Hussein Irbid wis ranked fowert in the Jordanian fitbaa Premier League in 2008. Its hame matches are held in Prince Hasan Youth City's stadium. The ither major fitbaa club in Irbid is Al-Arabi. Established in 1945, it is ane o the auldest athletic clubs in the kintra. There are 22 cultural an sport clubs registered in Irbid. Irbid hostit the 1999 Pan Arab Gemmes.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Irbid". Archived frae the original on 9 August 2020. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
  2. بلدية اربد الكبرى::الصفحة الرئيسية
  3. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 1 October 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2007.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. [Lenzen, C. J.; Gordon, R. L.; and Mcquitty, A. M. 1985; Excavation at Tell Irbid and Beit Ras, 1985. ADAJ. Vol 29, Pp 151 – 159]
  5. "تقرير الØØ· الاساسي الاقتصادي لاربد-2007". Archived frae the original on 27 Julie 2011. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2011.
  6. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 1 Apryle 2009. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Coordinates: 32°33′N 35°51′E / 32.550°N 35.850°E / 32.550; 35.850

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