Keeng o Saudi Arabie

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Keeng o Saudi Arabie
ملك المملكة العربية السعودية
Emblem of Saudi Arabia.svg
Incumbent
Salman bin Abdull aziz December 9, 2013.jpg
Salman
syne 23 Januar 2015
Details
Style The Custodian o the Twa Holy Mosques
Heir apparent Muqrin bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
First monarch Ibn Saud
Formation 22 September 1932
Residence Keeng’s Palace, Riyadh[1]

The Keeng o Saudi Arabie is Saudi Arabie's heid o state an absolute monarch. He serves as the heid o the Saudi Monarchy an Hoose o Saud.

Athin Saudi Arabie the Keeng is kent bi the title o The Custodian o the Twa Holy Mosques (خادم الحرمين الشريفين) since 1986, replacin His Majesty (صاحب الجلالة) tae signify an Islamic rather than secular authority o the Keeng, an refers tae Saudi Arabie's jurisdiction ower the mosques o Masjid al Haram in Mecca an Masjid al-Nabawi in Medina.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Further information: History o Saudi Arabie

Keeng Abdul Aziz began conquerin the day's Saudi Arabie in 1902, bi restorin his family as emirs o Riyadh. He then proceedit tae conquer first the Nejd (1922) an then the Hejaz (1925). He progressed frae Sultan o Nejd, tae King o Hejaz an Nejd, an finally tae Keeng o Saudi Arabie in 1932.

Succession[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ither keengs hae aw been his sons an aw likely immediate successors tae the reignin Keeng Abdullah will be frae his progeny. Sons o Ibn Saud are considered tae hae primary claim on the Keengship o Saudi Arabie. This makes the Saudi Monarchy quite distinct frae Wastren monarchies, which uisually feature lairge, clearly defined ryal families an orders o succession.

Legal position[eedit | eedit soorce]

Saudi Arabie is ruled bi Islamic law an purports tae be an Islamic state, but mony Muslims see a hereditary monarchy as being a discouraged seestem o govrenment in Islam. This attitude stems in pairt frae traditional Sunni doctrine, which prefers selectin rulers based on qualification.

Ither functions[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Keeng o Saudi Arabie is an aa considered the Heid o the Hoose o Saud an Prime Meenister. The Croun Prince is an aa the "Deputy Prime Meenister." The keengs efter Faisal hae named a "seicont Deputy Prime Meenister" as the subsequent heir efter the Croun Prince.

Keengs o Saudi Arabie (1932-Present)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hoose o Saud[eedit | eedit soorce]

NameLifespanRing stairtRing endNotesFaimilyEemage
Ibn Saud
عبد العزيز
26 November 1876(1876-11-26) – 9 November 1953(1953-11-09) (aged 76)22 September 19329 November 1953SaudIbn Saud o Saudi Arabie
Saud
سعود
12 Januar 1902(1902-01-12) – 23 Februar 1969(1969-02-23) (aged 67)9 November 19532 November 1964
(deposit)
Son o Ibn Saud an Wadhah bint Muhammad bin 'AqabSaudSaud o Saudi Arabie
Faisal
فيصل
Apryle 1906 – 25 Mairch 1975
(agit 68)
2 November 196425 Mairch 1975
(assassinatit)
Son o Ibn Saud an Tarfa bint Abduallah bin Abdulateef al SheekhSaudFaisal o Saudi Arabie
Khalid
خالد
13 Februar 1913(1913-02-13) – 13 Juin 1982(1982-06-13) (aged 69)25 Mairch 197513 Juin 1982Son o Ibn Saud an Al Jawhara bint Musaed bin JiluwiSaudKhalid o Saudi Arabie
Fahd
فهد
16 Mairch 1921(1921-03-16) – 1 August 2005(2005-08-01) (aged 84)13 Juin 19821 August 2005Son o Ibn Saud an Hassa bint Ahmed Al SudairiSaudFahd o Saudi Arabie
Abdullah
عبدالله
1 August 1924(1924-08-01) – 23 Januar 2015(2015-01-23) (aged 90)1 August 200523 Januar 2015Son o Ibn Saud an Fahda bint Asi Al ShuraimSaudAbdullah o Saudi Arabie
Salman
سلمان
(1935-12-31) 31 December 1935 (age 83)23 Januar 2015IncumbentSon o Ibn Saud an Hassa bint Ahmed Al SudairiSaudSalman o Saudi Arabie

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Saudi Arabie topics

Template:SaudiKeengs

  1. Kings of the World – Rich Living Monarchs and their Royal Residences