Banner o Tunisie

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Flag of Tunisia.svg
Staundart o the Preses o Tunisie

The naitional banner o Tunisie (Arabic: علم تونس‎) is predominantly red an consists o a white circle in the middle containin a red crescent aroond a five-pointit star. The Bey o Tunis Al-Husayn II ibn Mahmud decidit tae create the banner efter the Battle o Navarino on 20 October 1827, an it wis adoptit in 1831 or 1835. It remained the kintra's offeecial banner durin its time as a French protectorate, an wis confirmed as the naitional banner o the Republic o Tunisie wi the signin o the Constitution o Tunisie on 1 Juin 1959. It wis no till 30 Juin 1999 that its proportions an design wur clearly specified in law.

The crescent an star recaws the Ottoman banner an is therefore an indication o Tunisie's history as a pairt o the Ottoman Empire.

Seembolism[eedit | eedit soorce]

For the Tunisian embassy in Fraunce, the color red represents the blood o martyrs killed durin the Turkish conquest o Tunisie in 1574.[1][2]. Housomeivver, it is a well kent historical fact[3] that the Tunisan invitit the Turkish tae libirate them frae the Spainyie invaders an frae wha is left o the Hafside dynasity. Therefore, the interpretation o the Tunisian embassy is far frae reality. Anither interpretation is that the "red Beylical banner spread licht throughoot the Muslim warld".[4] The white seembolizes peace, while the crescent an five-pointit star represent unity o aw Muslims an the Five Pillars o Islam, respectively.[2]

Accordin tae Ludvík Mucha, author o Webster's Concise Encyclopedia of Flags & Coats of Arms, the white circle locatit in the center o the banner represents the sun. The red crescent an the five-pointit star, twa ancient seembols o Islam, wur maist notably uised on the Ottoman banner an hae since appeared on mony banners o Islamic kintras. The crescent is, frae the viewpoint o an Arabic observer, supposed tae bring guid luck. The color red is a seembol o resistance against Turkish supremacy.[5] Whitney Smith states that the crescent wis first emblazoned on staundarts an buildins in the Punic state o Carthage, locatit in present-day Tunisie. Since appearin on the Ottoman banner, they wur widely adoptit bi Muslim kintras, an hae become kent as seembols o Islam, when in fact, they mey be cultural seembols.[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Alif
  2. 2.0 2.1 (French) "Drapeau de la République tunisienne". Embassy of the Republic of Tunisia to France. Retrieved 2008-07-26. 
  3. History of Tunisia by Ibn Abi Dinar
  4. (French) Lambrechts, Chantal; Line Karoubi, Simon Parlier, and Patrick Pasques (2005). L’encyclopédie nomade 2006. Paris: Larousse. p. 707. ISBN 2035202507. OCLC 61139850. 
  5. Mucha, Ludvík; William G. Crampton and Jiří Louda (eds.) (1985). Webster's Concise Encyclopedia of Flags & Coats of Arms. New York: Crescent Books. ISBN 0-517-499517. OCLC 12421520. 
  6. Smith, Whitney. "Flag of Tunisia". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-07-26.