Mary, Turkmenistan

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Mary
Mary is locatit in Turkmenistan
Mary
Mary
Location in Turkmenistan
Coordinates: 37°36′N 61°50′E / 37.600°N 61.833°E / 37.600; 61.833
Kintra Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan
Province Mary Province
Population (1989 census)[1]
 • Tot 92,290

Mary (pronounced Mur-ree) is a ceety o Turkmenistan, caipital o the Mary Province. Umwhile names include Merv, Meru an Margiana. In 1999 its population wis 123,000 (up frae 92,000 in the 1989 census).

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

It is locatit at 37°36′N 61°50′E / 37.600°N 61.833°E / 37.600; 61.833. The ceety is an oasis in the Karakum Desert, locatit on the Murghab river.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ancient ceety o Merv[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Merv

Merv wis an oasis ceety on the Silk Road.

Modren history[eedit | eedit soorce]

Merv Oasis wis occupied bi Imperial Roushie in 1884, triggerin the Panjdeh Incident atween Afghan forces an the Imperial Roushie Airmy. The modren settlement wis foondit later that year as a Roushie military an administrative post.

A force o the Breetish Indian Airmy consistin o a machine gun detachment comprisin 40 Punjabi troops an a Breetish officer resistit the Bolsheviks near Merv in August 1918 in wha wis the first direct confrontation atween Breetish an Roushie troops since the Crimea War.[2]

It wis developed bi the Soviet Union as a center for cotton production through the uise o extensive irrigation. In 1968, huge reserves o natural gas wur discovered 20 kilometers wast o the toun.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mary is Turkmenistan's fowert-lairgest ceety, an a lairge industrial centre, for the natural gas an cotton industries, the naition's twa major export industries. It is a trade center for cotton, cereals, hides, an oo.

Sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mary haes little tae recommend it ither than its interestin Regional Museum. Housomeivver, it lies near the remains o the ancient ceety o Merv, which in corruptit form gives its name tae the modren toun. The main fitbaa team is Merw Mary who play at the Mary Stadium.

Notable fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Population census 1989, Demoscope Weekly, No. 359-360, 1–18 January 2009 (search for Туркменская ССР) (in Roushie)
  2. On Secret Service East of Constantinople by Peter Hopkirk, John Murray, 1994

Template:Ceeties o Turkmenistan