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Türkmenabat (Cyrillic Turkmen: Түркменабат), umwhile Chardzhou (Roushie: Чарджоу, Turkmen: Чәрҗев), an aa spelled Çärjew, Chardjui, Charjou, Chardzhev, Charjev, Chärjew, or Charjew, ancient Amul, is the seicont lairgest ceety in Turkmenistan, caipital o Lebap Province. As o 2009, it haed a population o approximately 253,000 fowk (up frae 161,000 in the 1989 census).

The name Chardjui is Persian (چهارجوی) an means "fower streams".

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Türkmenabat is locatit at latitude 39.1014 North; langitude 60.5750 East, at an altitude o 187 meters on the banks o the Amu-Darya River, near the border wi Uzbekistan.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Although nou a modren industrial ceety, Türkmenabat haes a history o ower 2,000 years. The modren ceety wis foondit in 1886, durin the construction o the Trans-Caspian railway. Its role o railway junction an the hie fertility o the Amu-Darya region made it the major trade center for agricultural products in the northeast region o the kintra. The ceety haes fuid processin, textile (cotton processin an silk) factories.

In ancient times, it wis kent as Āmul (tae be distinguished frae the Iranian ceety o Amol). The river Amu Darya is said tae hae been named efter this ceety.

Chardzhou wis Turkmenistan's industrial an transport hub durin the Soviet period, but maist o these relatit jobs an transport opportunities hae been relocatit tae Ashgabat or closed since Turkmenistan's unthrildom.

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety is connectit wi the Turkmen caipital Ashgabat bi Turkmenistan Airlines an the M37 hieway an an' a' bi train.

Miscellaneous[eedit | eedit soorce]

Some 70 kilometers sooth o Türkmenabat in the East Karakum Desert is the Repetek Nature Reserve, famed for its zemzen, or desert crocodiles.

Türkmenabat is unuisual in that it haes a lairge (60%-70%) ethnic Uzbek population, which haes hivily influenced the aurie's cultur an customs.

Polechudes is a pairk whaur fowk celebrate naitional holidays.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 39°05′N 63°34′E / 39.083°N 63.567°E / 39.083; 63.567

Template:Districts o Turkmenistan Template:Ceeties o Turkmenistan