Mary Province

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Cairt shawin district

Mary Province (Turkmen: Mary welaýaty, Мары велаяты) is ane o the welayatlar (provinces) o Turkmenistan. It is in the sooth-east o the kintra, borderin Afghanistan. Its caipital is the ceety o Mary. Its aurie is 87,150 km2 (33,650 sq mi) an population 1,480,400 (2005 est.).[1] The average population density is aboot 15 persons per square kilometer, but it reaches 150-200 per square kilometer in the maist developed oases.

In 2000, Mary Province accoontit for 23% o Turkmenistan's population, 19% o the tot nummer o employed, 26% o agricultural production (bi value), an 21% o the kintra's tot industrial production.[2] The region's industries include natural gas extraction (the Iolotan gas field), electric pouer generation, textiles, carpet weavin, chemical an fuid industry. In 2001 it accoontit for 74% o Turkmenistan's electricity generation 26% o natural gas extraction.[3] Accordin tae ither soorces, Mary Province accoonts for 81% o fertilizer production, 40% o textiles, 81% o laither, an 23% o fuitwear. Mary agriculture produces 31% o Turkmenistan's cotton fibres an 32% o its vegetable oil.

Agriculture in Mary Province is irrigatit bi the Karakum Canal, which runs east tae wast throu the centre o the province, an bi the Murghab River, which runs sooth tae north, enterin the province frae Afghanistan. While the northren portion o the province is athin the Central Asian soothren desert ecoregion, the soothren portion o the province is characterized bi a savanna o pistachio an desertsedges, clessifee'd as the Badkhiz-Karabil semi-desert bi the Warld Wildlife Fund [4][5]>[the cited link daes nae lead tae this information: need a direct link]

Auncient Merv, designatit a UNESCO Warld Heritage Site, is the main archeological attraction o Mary Province. This is ane o the best preserved oasis ceeties on the auncient silk route.[6]

The caipital o Mary Province is the ceety o Mary, locatit at the intersection o Murghab River wi the Karakum Canal. Ither ceeties are Baýramaly (Roushie: Байрам-Али), Ýolöten (Iolotan, Roushie: Иолотань), an Serhetabat (Roushie: Серхетабад, umwhile Turkmen: Guşgy, Roushie: Кушка) on the border wi Afghanistan.

Districts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mary Province is dividit intae 12 destricts (etraplar; singular etrap) an ane ceety (il)[7][8]. Name changes syne 1995 are shawn in parentheses:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Statistical Yearbook of Turkmenistan 2000-2004, National Institute of State Statistics and Information of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, 2005.
  2. Social-economic situation of Turkmenistan in 2000, National Institute of State Statistics and Information of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, 2001, pp. 137-138 (in Roushie).
  3. Social-economic situation of Turkmenistan in 2001, National Institute of State Statistics and Information of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, 2002, pp. 107-109 (in Roushie).
  4. http://www.nationalgeographic.com/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial_pa.html
  5. http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildfinder/searchByPlace.cfm?ecoregion=PA1306
  6. Bonneville, Patrick and Hemono, Philippe. 2006. The World Heritage. Bonneville Connection, Quebec
  7. Марыйский Велаят
  8. Turkmenistan Districts
  9. Halk Maslahaty resolution on the creation of Altyn Sahra district, 18 April 2008 (in Roushie). Retrieved on 24 January 2009.
  10. Press announcement on the creation of Altyn Sahra district, 19 April 2008 (in Roushie). Retrieved on 24 January 2009.