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Balkan Province

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Map showing district
Map showing district

Balkan Province (Turkmen: Balkan welaýaty, frae the Persian بلخان Balkhān) is ane o the Welayat (provinces) o Turkmenistan. It is in the far wast o the kintra, borderin Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, the Caspian Sea, an Iran. Its caipital is Balkanabat, umwhile kent as Nebit Dag. It haes an aurie o 139,270 square kilometres an a population o approximately 553,500 fowk (2005 est.).[1] Its population density o 3.3 persons per square kilometre is the lawest in Turkmenistan.

Ither ceeties include: Türkmenbaşy, Gumdag, Serdar, Hazar, Gyzyletrek, Esenguly.

Balkan Province haes significant energy reserves, which accoont for 94% o Turkmenistan's natural gas production an 12% o its petroleum production. It an aa generates 18% o the kintra's electric pouer. Due tae the vera law water supply, agricultur is negligible, an anerlie 4.5% of Turkmenistan's arable lands are athin the province.

Aff its Caspian shores the Balkan Province includes the island o Ogurja Ada, the maist important island in Turkmenistan an ane o the lairgest in the Caspian Sea.


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Balkan Province is admeenistratively dividit intae 6 destricts (etraplar; singular: etrap) an 7 ceeties (il).[2][3] Name chynges syne 1995 are shown in parentheses:

  • Destricts
    • Bereket Destrict (umwhlie Gazanjyk)
    • Esenguly Destrict
    • Etrek Destrict (umwhile Gyzyletrek)
    • Magtymguly Destrict (umwhile Garrygala)
    • Serdar Destrict (umwhile Gyzylarbat)
    • Türkmenbaşy Destrict

See an aa

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  1. Statistical Yearbook of Turkmenistan 2000-2004, National Institute of State Statistics and Information of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, 2005.
  2. Балканский Велаят Archived 2008-02-29 at the Wayback Machine
  3. Turkmenistan Districts
  4. Halk Maslahaty resolution changing the status of Serdar City Archived 2009-01-07 at the Wayback Machine