Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coordinates: 10°S 76°W / 10°S 76°W / -10; -76

Republic o Peru

Motto: "Firme y feliz por la unión" (Spaingie)
"Firm and Happy for the Union"
AnthemHimno Nacional del Perú  (Script error: The function "name_from_code" does not exist.)
Naitional Anthem o Peru
Naitional seal:
Gran Sello de la República del Perú.svg
Gran Sello del Estado  (Script error: The function "name_from_code" does not exist.)
Great Seal o the State
Location o Peru
and largest city
12°2.6′S 77°1.7′W / 12.0433°S 77.0283°W / -12.0433; -77.0283
Offeecial leidsa
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentUnitar semi-presidential republic[2][3]
• Preses
Pedro Castillo
Dina Boluarte
Mirtha Vásquez
Maricarmen Alva
LegislaturCongress o the Republic
Unthirldom frae the Kinrick o Spain
• Declared
28 Julie 1821
9 December 1824
• Recognised
14 August 1879
• Total
1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq mi) (19t)
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
31,826,018 (43t)
• 2007 census
• Density
23/km2 (59.6/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$429.711 billion[4] (46t)
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$207.072 billion[4] (49t)
• Per capita
Gini (2014)positive decrease 44.1[5]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.740[6]
heich · 87th
CurrencySol (PEN)
Time zoneUTC−5 (PET)
Date (CE)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+51
ISO 3166 codePE
  1. Quechua, Aymara an ither indigenous leids are co-offeecial in the auries whaur thay predominate.

Peru is a kintra in wastren Sooth Americae. It is bordered on the north bi Ecuador an Colombie, on the east bi Brazil, on the sootheast bi Bolivie, on the sooth bi Chile, an on the wast bi the Paceefic Ocean. Peru is ane o the maist megadiverse kintras.

Lima is the caipital ceety o the kintra.

The Preses o Peru is Francisco Sagasti.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Ethnic groups of Perú". CIA Factbook. Archived frae the original on 8 Mey 2020. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  2. Shugart, Matthew Søberg (September 2005). "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive and Mixed Authority Patterns" (PDF). Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies. United States: University of California, San Diego. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 19 August 2008. Retrieved 31 August 2017. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) Archived 2008-08-19 at the Wayback Machine
  3. Shugart, Matthew Søberg (December 2005). "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive And Mixed Authority Patterns" (PDF). French Politics. Palgrave Macmillan UK. 3 (3): 323–351. doi:10.1057/palgrave.fp.8200087. ISSN 1476-3427. OCLC 6895745903. Retrieved 31 August 2017. Only in Latin America have all new democracies retained a pure presidential form, except for Peru (president-parliamentary) and Bolivia (assembly-independent).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  4. a b c d "Peru". International Monetary Fund.
  5. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  6. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 23 Mairch 2017.