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Coordinates: 10°S 76°W / 10°S 76°W / -10; -76

Republic o Peru
  • República del Perú  (Spaingie)
  • Piruw Republika  (Quechua)
  • Piruw Suyu  (Aymara)
Motto: "Firme y feliz por la unión" (Spaingie)
"Firm and Happy for the Union"
Anthem: Himno Nacional del Perú  (Spaingie)
Naitional Anthem o Peru
Naitional seal:
Gran Sello de la República del Perú.svg
Gran Sello del Estado  (Spaingie)
Great Seal o the State
Location o Peru
and largest city
12°2.6′S 77°1.7′W / 12.0433°S 77.0283°W / -12.0433; -77.0283
Offeecial leidsa
Ethnic groups (2013)
Demonym Peruvian
Govrenment Unitar semi-presidential republic[2][3]
• Preses
Martín Vizcarra
Mercedes Aráoz
Salvador del Solar
Legislatur Congress o the Republic
Pres.: Daniel Salaverry
Unthirldom frae the Kinrick o Spain
• Declared
28 Julie 1821
9 December 1824
• Recognised
14 August 1879
• Total
1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq mi) (19t)
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
31,826,018 (43t)
• 2007 census
• Density
23/km2 (59.6/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$429.711 billion[4] (46t)
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Tot
$207.072 billion[4] (49t)
• Per capita
Gini (2014) positive decrease 44.1[5]
HDI (2015) Increase 0.740[6]
heich · 87th
Currency Sol (PEN)
Time zone UTC−5 (PET)
Date format (CE)
Drivin side right
Cawin code +51
ISO 3166 code PE
Internet TLD .pe
  1. Quechua, Aymara an ither indigenous leids are co-offeecial in the auries whaur thay predominate.

Peru is a kintra in wastren Sooth Americae. It is bordered on the north bi Ecuador an Colombie, on the east bi Brazil, on the sootheast bi Bolivie, on the sooth bi Chile, an on the wast bi the Paceefic Ocean. Peru is ane o the maist megadiverse kintras.

Lima is the caipital ceety o the kintra.

The Preses o Peru is Martín Vizcarra.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Ethnic groups of Perú". CIA Factbook. Retrieved 30 October 2013. 
  2. Shugart, Matthew Søberg (September 2005). "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive and Mixed Authority Patterns" (PDF). Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies. United States: University of California, San Diego. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 19 August 2008. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  3. Shugart, Matthew Søberg (December 2005). "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive And Mixed Authority Patterns" (PDF). French Politics. Palgrave Macmillan UK. 3 (3): 323–351. doi:10.1057/palgrave.fp.8200087Freely accessible. ISSN 1476-3427. OCLC 6895745903. Retrieved 31 August 2017. Only in Latin America have all new democracies retained a pure presidential form, except for Peru (president-parliamentary) and Bolivia (assembly-independent). 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Peru". International Monetary Fund. 
  5. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  6. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2017.