Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Republic of Ecuador

República del Ecuador
  • "Dios, patria y libertad" (Spaingie)
  • "God, homeland an freedom"
AnthemSalve, Oh Patria  (Spaingie)
Hail, Oh Homeland
Location o Ecuador
00°9′S 78°21′W / 0.150°S 78.350°W / -0.150; -78.350
Lairgest ceetyGuayaquil
Offeecial leidsSpaingie[1]
Recognised regional leidsKichwa (Quichua), Shuar & ithers "are in offeecial uise for indigenous fowks"[2]
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• Preses
Guillermo Lasso
Alfredo Borrero
LegislaturNational Assembly
August 10, 1809
• frae Spain
Mey 24, 1822
• frae Gran Colombia
Mey 13, 1830
• Recognized
Februar 16, 1830
September 28, 2008
• Total
283,561[4] km2 (109,484 sq mi) (73rd)
• Water (%)
• 2011 estimate
15,223,680[1] (65t)
• 2010 census
• Density
58.95/km2 (152.7/sq mi) (151st)
GDP (PPP)2012 estimate
• Total
$153.239 billion[6]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
• Tot
$84.53 billion [7] (64th)
• Per capita
Gini (2009)positive decrease 49[8]
HDI (2011)Increase 0.724[9]
heich · 89t
CurrencyUnitit States dollarb (USD)
Time zoneUTC−5 / −6 (ECT / GALT)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+593
ISO 3166 codeEC
  1. Includin Galápagos.
  2. Sucre till 2000, replaced bi the US$ an Ecuadorian centavo coins.

Ecuador (Listeni/ˈɛkwədɔːr/ E-kwə-dawr), offeecially the Republic o Ecuador (Spaingie: República del Ecuador, Spaingie pronunciation: [reˈpuβlika ðel ekwaˈðoɾ]), leeterally "Republic o the equator"), is a representative democratic republic in Sooth Americae, thit mairches bi Colombie tae the north, Peru tae the east an sooth, an the Paceefic Ocean tae the wast. It is ane o anerlie twa kintras in Sooth Americae (thegither wi Chile) that disna hae a mairch wi Brazil. The kintra forby includes the Galápagos Islands in the Paceefic, aboot 965 kilometre (600 mile) wast o the mainland. Ecuador striddles the equator, fae whilk it taks its name, an haes a aurie o 256,371 square kilometres (98,985 mi²). Its caipital ceety is Quito an its lairgest ceety is Guayaquil. Ecuador is yin o the 17 megadiverse kintras in the warld, bi the Warld Conservation Monitorin Centre's wey o it.

Provinces[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ecuador haes 24 provinces (Spaingie: provincias):

Cairt o Ecuador
Province Caipital
1 Bandera Provincia Azuay.svg Azuay Cuenca
2 Bandera Provincia Bolívar.svg Bolívar Guaranda
3 Bandera Provincia Cañar.svg Cañar Azogues
4 Bandera Provincia Carchi.svg Carchi Tulcán
5 Bandera Provincia Chimborazo.svg Chimborazo Riobamba
6 Bandera Provincia Cotopaxi.svg Cotopaxi Latacunga
7 Bandera Provincia El Oro.svg El Oro Machala
8 Bandera Provincia Esmeraldas.svg Esmeraldas Esmeraldas
9 Flag of the Galápagos Islands.svg Galápagos Puerto Baquerizo Moreno
10 Flag of Guayaquil.svg Guayas Guayaquil
11 Bandera Provincia Imbabura.svg Imbabura Ibarra
12 Bandera Provincia Loja.svg Loja Loja
Province Caipital
13 Bandera Provincia Los Ríos.svg Los Ríos Babahoyo
14 Bandera Provincia Manabí.svg Manabí Portoviejo
15 Bandera Provincia Morona Santiago.svg Morona-Santiago Macas
16 Bandera Provincia Napo.svg Napo Tena
17 Bandera Provincia Orellana.svg Orellana Puerto Francisco de Orellana
18 Bandera Provincia Pastaza.svg Pastaza Puyo
19 Bandera Provincia Pichincha.svg Pichincha Quito
20 Bandera Provincia Santa Elena.svg Santa Elena Santa Elena
21 Bandera Provincia Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas.svg Santo Domingo Santo Domingo
22 Bandera Provincia Sucumbíos.svg Sucumbíos Nueva Loja
23 Bandera Provincia Tungurahua.svg Tungurahua Ambato
24 Bandera Provincia Zamora Chinchipe.svg Zamora-Chinchipe Zamora

Historic Center o Quito, UNESCO World Heritage Site[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b "Ecuador". CIA World Factbook. Archived frae the original on 12 Juin 2007. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
  2. Constitución Política de la República del Ecuador.
  3. Población del país es joven y mestiza, dice censo del INEC. Data from the national census 2010 (2011-09-02)
  4. "Ecuador-Geography". CIA World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. Archived frae the original on 12 Juin 2007. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  5. Ecuadorian census held on November 28, 2010 Archived 2014-09-30 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. a b c "Ecuador". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 18 Apryle 2013.
  7. World Bank Data
  8. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011.
  9. "Human Development Report 2011" (PDF). United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011.