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Republic of Ecuador
República del Ecuador
Banner Coat o airms
  • "Dios, patria y libertad" (Spaingie)
  • "Pro Deo, Patria et Libertate" (Laitin)
  • "God, homeland an freedom"
Anthem: Salve, Oh Patria (Spaingie)
Hail, Oh Homeland
Caipital Quito
00°9′S 78°21′W / 0.150°S 78.350°W / -0.150; -78.350
Lairgest ceety Guayaquil
Offeecial leids Spainyie[1]
Recognised regional leids Kichwa (Quichua), Shuar & ithers "are in offeecial uise for indigenous fowks"[2]
Ethnic groups ([3])
Demonym Ecuadorian
Govrenment Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 •  Preses [[

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 •  Vice Preses Jorge Glas
Legislature National Assembly
 •  frae Spain Mey 24, 1822 
 •  frae Gran Colombia Mey 13, 1830 
 •  Recognized Februar 16, 1830 
 •  Current constitution September 28, 2008 
 •  Tot 283,560a km2 (75th)
109,484 sq mi
 •  Watter (%) 5
 •  2011 estimate 15,223,680[1] (65t)
 •  2010 census 14,483,499[4]
 •  Density 58.95/km2 (151st)
152.69/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 •  Tot $153.239 billion[5]
 •  Per capita $10,055[5]
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 •  Total $84.53 billion [6] (64th)
 •  Per capita $5,310[5]
Gini (2009) positive decrease 49[7]
HDI (2011) Increase 0.724[8]
heich · 89t
Siller Unitit States dollarb (USD)
Time zone ECT / GALT (UTC−5 / −6)
Drives on the right
Cawin code +593
Internet TLD .ec
a. Includin Galápagos.
b. Sucre till 2000, replaced bi the US$ an Ecuadorian centavo coins.

Ecuador (Listeni/ˈɛkwədɔːr/ E-kwə-dawr), offeecially the Republic o Ecuador (Spainyie: República del Ecuador, Spainyie pronunciation: [reˈpuβlika ðel ekwaˈðoɾ]), leeterally "Republic o the equator"), is a representative democratic republic in Sooth Americae, maircht bi Colombie tae the north, Peru tae the east an sooth, an the Paceefic Ocean tae the wast. It is ane o anerlie twa kintras in Sooth Americae (thegither wi Chile) that disna hae a mairch wi Brazil. The kintra forby includes the Galápagos Islands in the Paceefic, aboot 965 kilometre (600 miles) wast o the mainland. Ecuador striddles the equator, fae whilk it taks its name, an haes a aurie o 256,371 square kilometres (98,985 mi²). Its caipital ceety is Quito an its lairgest ceety is Guayaquil. Ecuador is yin o the 17 megadiverse kintras in the warld, by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre's wey o it.

Provinces[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ecuador haes 24 provinces (Spainyie: provincias):

Cairt o Ecuador
Province Caipital
1 Bandera Provincia Azuay.svg Azuay Cuenca
2 Bandera Provincia Bolívar.svg Bolívar Guaranda
3 Bandera Provincia Cañar.svg Cañar Azogues
4 Bandera Provincia Carchi.svg Carchi Tulcán
5 Bandera Provincia Chimborazo.svg Chimborazo Riobamba
6 Bandera Provincia Cotopaxi.svg Cotopaxi Latacunga
7 Bandera Provincia El Oro.svg El Oro Machala
8 Bandera Provincia Esmeraldas.svg Esmeraldas Esmeraldas
9 Flag of the Galápagos Islands.svg Galápagos Puerto Baquerizo Moreno
10 Flag of Guayaquil.svg Guayas Guayaquil
11 Bandera Provincia Imbabura.svg Imbabura Ibarra
12 Bandera Provincia Loja.svg Loja Loja
Province Caipital
13 Bandera Provincia Los Ríos.svg Los Ríos Babahoyo
14 Bandera Provincia Manabí.svg Manabí Portoviejo
15 Bandera Provincia Morona Santiago.svg Morona-Santiago Macas
16 Bandera Provincia Napo.svg Napo Tena
17 Bandera Provincia Orellana.svg Orellana Puerto Francisco de Orellana
18 Bandera Provincia Pastaza.svg Pastaza Puyo
19 Bandera Provincia Pichincha.svg Pichincha Quito
20 Santa Elena flag.png Santa Elena Santa Elena
21 Bandera Provincia Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas.svg Santo Domingo Santo Domingo
22 Bandera Provincia Sucumbíos.svg Sucumbíos Nueva Loja
23 Bandera Provincia Tungurahua.svg Tungurahua Ambato
24 Bandera Provincia Zamora Chinchipe.svg Zamora-Chinchipe Zamora

Historic Center of Quito, UNESCO World Heritage Site[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Ecuador". CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 2011-08-18. 
  2. Constitución Política de la República del Ecuador.
  3. Población del país es joven y mestiza, dice censo del INEC. Data from the national census 2010 (2011-09-02)
  4. Ecuadorian census held on November 28, 2010.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Ecuador". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 
  6. World Bank Data
  7. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved March 2, 2011. 
  8. "Human Development Report 2011" (PDF). United Nations. 2011. Retrieved November 5, 2011.