Banner o Ecuador

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Flag of Ecuador.svg

The banner o Ecuador, which consists o horizontal baunds o yellow (double width), blue an red, wis first adoptit on September 26, 1860. The design o the current banner wis finalized in 1900 wi the addition o the coat o airms in the center o the banner. Afore uisin the yellow, blue and red tricolor, Ecuador used white an blue banners that contained stars for each province o the kintra. The design o the banner is vera similar tae that o Colombie an Venezuela, which are an aa umwhile constituent territories o Gran Colombie. Aw three are based on a proposal bi Venezuelan General Francisco de Miranda, which wis adoptit bi Venezuela in 1811 an later Gran Colombie wi some modifications. There is a variant o the banner that does no contain the coat o airms that is used by the merchant marine. This flag matches Colombie's in ivery aspect, but Colombie uises a different design when her merchant marine ships are at sail.

Design[eedit | eedit soorce]

Construction sheet

The Ecuadorian Naitional Secretariat o Communication (Secretaría Nacional de Comunicación) issued regulations describin the applications an proportions o the naitional banner, coat o airms, an ither naitional seembols in November 2009.

The naitional banner haes a length o 2.20 meters an a width o 1.47 m, a ratio o 2 bi 3. The field is split intae three horizontal colored baunds, a yellow baund o ane-hauf the banner's width, a blue baund o ane-quarter the width, an a red baund o ane-quarter the width. Aw three baunds extend the full length o the banner. The banner is chairged wi the Ecuadorian coat o airms, ane-hauf the width o the banner an ane hauf its hecht, centered in the field.[1] The coat o airms itsel is constructit in a rectangle wi proportions 12 bi 10. The naitional staundart haes the same design as the naitional banner, but is square, wi length 0.9 m an width 0.9 m.[2] When used bi military units an organizations, letterin can encircle the coat o airms wi a diameter o 55 centimeters. The letterin must be 4 cm in hecht, 3 cm in width, gold-colored Roman font, embroidered wi gold thread.[1] The ae ither regulatit size is a table banner (banderola) whaur the banner is 200 mm wide an 300 mm lang.[2] When manufacturin the naitional banner, sellers tae the public must include the name o their company, alang wi the year o manufacture, bi placin a 20x10 mm tag on the reverse side o the banner on the sleeve.[3]

Coat o airms[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coat of arms
Main airticle: Coat o airms o Ecuador

In the backgrund o the oval shield is the muntain Chimborazo, while the river oreeginatin frae its base represents the Guayas. Chimborazo is an aa the heichest muntain in Ecuador an is pairt o the Andes Range. The steamboat on the river is named Guayas as well. The ship wis built in Guayaquil an wis the first seaworthy steamship built in baith Ecuador an in aw o Sooth Americae. It wis first put intae service on October 9, 1841. The ship haes the features o a Caduceus representin trade an economy. This kynd o mast haes twa wings surroondin a pole wi twa snakes encirclin it.[4] On top a golden sun surroondit bi the Zodiac astrological signs for Aries, Taurus, Gemini an Cancer representin the months Mairch tae July tae seembolize the duration o the March Revolution o 1845 led bi General Juan José Flores.

The condor on top o the shield stretches his wings tae seembolize pouer, greatness an strength o Ecuador. The condor also represents the idea that it will aaways be ready tae attack ony enemy. The shield is flanked bi fower naitional banners. The laurel on the left represents the victories o the republic.[5] The palm leaf on the right side is a seembol o the martyrs of the fight for unthirldom an liberty. The Fasces belaw the shield represents the republican dignity. The final design o the coat o airms wis completit in 1900.[6]

In the 1989 specifications issued tae the Ecuadorian Military, the coat o airms haes ae aicht colors that are uised on the banner. The aicht colors are yellow, blue, red (aw frae the naitional banner), sky blue, green, grey, silver an gold.[7] There is an' a' a nine piece instruction on hou tae draw the coat o airms,[8] follaed bi a full color drawin an a black an white drawin o the airms.[9] Nae size specifications hae been laid oot for the coat o airms except for when it is uised on the naitional banner.[2]

Seembolism[eedit | eedit soorce]

Miranda ascribed the colours he chose for his banner tae Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's theory o primary colours. In a letter written tae Count Semyon Romanovich Vorontsov in 1792, Miranda described a late-nicht conversation which he haed wi Goethe at a pairty in Weimar, Germany during the winter o 1785. Fascinatit wi Miranda's accoont o his exploits in the American Revolutionary War an his travels throughoot the Americas an Europe, Goethe tauld him that, "Your destiny is tae create in your land a place whaur primary colours are no distortit.” He proceedit tae clarify wha he meant:

First he explained tae me the way the iris transforms the licht intae the three primary colours... then he said, "Why yellow is the maist warm, noble an closest tae the bricht licht; why Blue is that mix o excitement an serenity, so far that it evokes the shadows; an why Red is the exaltation o Yellow an Blue, the seenthesis, the vanishin o the bricht licht intae the shadows".[10]

The first time the yellow, blue an red banner wis flown bi Miranda wis in 1806 on the ship Leander when tryin tae face the Spainyie forces aff o the coast o Haiti.[11] The colors o the modren Ecuadorian banner evolved frae those o the banner o the naition o Gran Colombie, which encompassed the territories o modren-day Ecuador, Colombie an Venezuela. The colors hae the follaein meanins:

  • Yellow: The Sun an the Gold o the ancestors.
  • Blue: The ocean an the clear skies
  • Red: The blood spilled bi the heroes who dee'd in the name o their kintramen's Faitherland an Freedom.[4][6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Instructivo de uso de los Símbolos Patrios
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Norma Que Establece Los Requisitos de Diseno, Caracteristicas de Confeccion y Modo de Empleo de Los Emblemas Patrios, pp. Annex A.
  3. Norma Que Establece Los Requisitos de Diseno, Caracteristicas de Confeccion y Modo de Empleo de Los Emblemas Patrios, pp. 6.1
  4. 4.0 4.1 "The Flag and The Coat of Arms". Embassy of the Republic of Ecuador in the United States. Retrieved 2010-07-27. 
  5. Ither descriptions attribute it tae the seembolism o the glory o the heroes o unthirldom.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Símbolos Patrios" (in (Spainyie)). Presidencia de la República del Ecuador. Retrieved 2010-07-27. 
  7. Norma Que Establece Los Requisitos de Diseno, Caracteristicas de Confeccion y Modo de Empleo de Los Emblemas Patrios, pp. Annex E.
  8. Norma Que Establece Los Requisitos de Diseno, Caracteristicas de Confeccion y Modo de Empleo de Los Emblemas Patrios, pp. Annex C.
  9. Norma Que Establece Los Requisitos de Diseno, Caracteristicas de Confeccion y Modo de Empleo de Los Emblemas Patrios, pp. Annex D.
  10. Serpa Erazo, Jorge, Pañol de la Historia. Part 1, Section 1 (July 30, 2004). ISSN 1900-3447 (which is itself a summary of Ricardo Silva Romero's "La Bandera del Mundo."). Retrieved on 2008-12-02
  11. Isabel Cerón, María (2005-03-12). "La Bandera Nacional" (in (Spainyie)). Ministerio del Poder Popular para la Comunicación y la Información (Venezuela). Retrieved 2010-08-02.