Coat o airms o Peru

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The Coat o Airms o Peru is the naitional seembolic emblem o Peru. Fower variants are uised: the Coat o Airms per se (Escudo de Armas), the Naitional Coat o Airms or Naitional Shield (Escudo Nacional), the Great Seal o the State (Gran Sello del Estado) an the Naval Coat o Airms (Escudo de la Marina de Guerra).

Description[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aw fower share the same escutcheon or shield, consistin o three elements: the tap left section shows the vicuña, the naitional ainimal, on a licht-blue field, representin the fauna o Peru; the tree in the tap richt section is the cinchona tree (the soorce o quinine, a pouerful anti-malarial drog an the key flavorant in tonic water), on a white backgrund, representin the naitional flora; an the bottom cornucopia wi coins spillin frae it, on a reid field, represents the mineral resoorces o the kintra.

Variants[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Coat o Airms[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Coat o Airms (Escudo de Armas) haes a palm branch on its left an an laurel ane on its richt, tee'd bi a reid an white ribbon, as well as a Holm oak Civic Croun abuin it. Thir represent victory an glory. This variant is uised on the naitional ensign (Pabellón Nacional) or state banner. Its uise on its awn is infrequent, except on currency, baith on coins an bills, an stamps.

The Naitional Coat o Airms[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Naitional Coat o Airms or Naitional Shield (Escudo Nacional) consists o the shield plus a Peruvian banner an a staundart on each side, an a Civic Croun as crest. It is uised on the war banner (Bandera de Guerra). Its uise on its awn is mandatit for aw public biggins, wi the name o the entity unner it.

The Great Seal o the State[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Great Seal o the State (Gran Sello del Estado), consistin o the Naitional Shield an the semicircular inscription "REPÚBLICA DEL PERÚ" ("Republic o Peru") abuin it, is uised on offeecial documents.

The Naval Coat o Airms[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Naval Coat o Airms (Escudo de la Marina de Guerra), consists o the Naitional Shield an the semicircular inscription "Marina de Guerra del Peru", alang wi anchors insteid o the traditional banners it is embeddit upon, as well as haein an image o the sun as the crest. It is uised for various naval purposes.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

First version[eedit | eedit soorce]

First version.

The first version o the Coat o Airms o Peru wis designed bi General José de San Martín an offeecially declared on 21 October 1820. It consistit o a landscape o the sun risin frae the Andes, seen frae the sea, an escortit bi laurel branches tee'd wi a gowden ribbon.

In the shield, on a blue sky backgrund, the sun's yellae rays can be seen ahint the daurk broun muntains risin abuin the blue an green ocean.

The banners o the Sooth American naitions an a bananae tree can be seen ahint the shield. A condor on the left an a llama on the richt act as supporters.

Aw this wis on tap o a baroque base, wi a scroll unner it wi the motto "Renació el sol del Perú" ("Peru's sun is reborn") in caipital letters. Some flouers, branches an ammunition wur on the base.

Seicont version[eedit | eedit soorce]

Seicont version.

On 25 Februar 1825, Simón Bolívar an the Constituent Congress proclaimed a law definin the new naitional seembols. establishin the new Coat o Airms, seemilar tae the ane uised the day. This wis designed bi Congressmen José Gregorio Paredes an Francisco Javier Cortés. The offeecial description wis the follaein:

"Las armas de la Nación Peruana constarán de un escudo dividido en tres campos (forma polaca), uno azul celeste, a la derecha, que llevará una vicuña mirando al interior; otro blanco, a la izquierda, donde se colocará el árbol de la quina; y otro rojo inferior y más pequeño en que se verá una cornucopia derramando monedas, significándose con estos símbolos, las preciosidades del Perú en los tres reinos naturales. El escudo tendrá por timbre una corona cívica vista de plano; e irá acompañada en cada lado de una bandera y un estandarte de los colores nacionales, señalado más adelante."
"The airms o the Peruvian Naition shall consist o a shield dividit intae three fields (Polish shape), ane licht-blue, tae the left, which will carry a vicuña leukin inwards; anither white, on the richt , whaur a cinchona tree will be locatit; an anither red below an smawer in which a cornucopia will be seen spillin coins, signifyin wi these seembols, the richnesses o Peru in the three natural kinricks. The shield shall hae as crest a Civic Crown seen flat; an shall be escortit on each side bi a banner an staundart o the same naitional colors, described later."

1950 Modification[eedit | eedit soorce]

This is the Coat o Airms uised the day an is a modification o the seicont version. Till 1950, the Coat o Airms wis a seembol o baith the Naition an the State, an presentit some difficulties in its design. Thir generatit that, months efter its creation, that the seals o meenistries modified the law, cuttin the width o the shield tae design the cornucopia comfortably, an gettin rid o the escortin banners.

The last modification wis in Mairch 1950, during General Manuel A. Odría's admeenistration. In this way, the Coat o Airms wis split in halves, an the lawer section became the lairgest, rather than the smawest. The Naitional Coat o Airms wis creatit simultaneously as a heraldic seembol o the State.

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