Pechersk Raion

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Pechersk Raion
Печерський район
Raion
Pechersk0020.jpg
Banner o Pechersk Raion
Banner
Coat o airms o Pechersk Raion
Coat o airms
Kiev map english.png
Coordinates: 50°25′14″N 30°32′58″E / 50.42056°N 30.54944°E / 50.42056; 30.54944Coordinates: 50°25′14″N 30°32′58″E / 50.42056°N 30.54944°E / 50.42056; 30.54944
Kintra  Ukraine
Region Kiev
Established 1945
Subdiveesions
Govrenment
 • Govrenor Serhii Suschenko
Aurie
 • Total 27 km2 (10 sq mi)
Population
 • Tot 126 200
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Simmer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Aurie code 38044
Wabsteid http://www.pechersk.kyiv-city.gov.ua

Pechersk Raion (Ukrainian: Печерський район) is a lairger admeenistrative destrict (raion) o the ceety which lees majorly athin the historical neeborheid, while including some ither historical auries an aw. Pechersk ([Печерськ, Pechers’k] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)) neebourheid is locatit on the hills adjoinin the richt bank o the Dnieper River. The twa geographic entities are aften ramfeeselt thegither. Pechersk Raion can be considered as the vera hert o Ukraine.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pechersk is ane o the maist important cultural auries o Kiev, the location o the legendar Kiev Pechersk Lavra (Kiev Monastery o the Caves), frae which it receivit its name (Pechera is the Ukrainian for "cave"). The dounset near the Lavra haes formit sometime in the 12t century. It wis reformit oot o the historical Berestiv ryal estate (Kniazhe selo) that wis adjacent tae the Kiev Gowden Gates (Zoloti Vorota). Beresta is a local name o the bark o a birch tree which at that time wis utilisit in makkin o shoes as well as uised as a writin middlin. The dounset wis renamit intae the toun o Pechersk sometime in the 16t-17t centuries.

In 18t century throu mid-20t century Pechersk as a dounset became the admeenistrative centre o Kiev ceety when thare wis erectit the Auld Kiev fortress which haes been a major militar stranghauld o the Roushie Empire an later Soviet Union. Acause o that new neebourheids an auries wur addit tae its direct administration. When in the 1840s, the New Kiev fortress wis built Pechersk incorporatit the dounset o Vasylkivska Rohatka (Vasylkiv's Fork) that wis foondit in 1706. The Vasylkiv's Fork wis locatit in the vicinity o Citadel street whaur the Vasylkiv's gates ance stuid (the day's address at 3 Citadel street).

In January 1918 the neebourheid wis the centre o the Arsenal Factory Uprisin which later efter its extinguishin led tae defeat o the Ukrainian Naitional Forces surrenderin the ceety o Kiev tae the Roushie Soviet forces which wur led bi Colonel Mikhail Muraviov. The rebellion gave the name tae ane o the streets in the neebourheid durin the Soviet times tae gie the impression o pride for the support o the Bolshevik regime.

Later mony admeenistrative, eddicational, research an cultural institutions wur foondit in the neebourheid, such as the Central Election Commission, twa varsities an several theaters. Mony important streets run athort the raion such as Bank Street (kent as Bankova an aw) whaur the Presidential Admeenistration o Ukraine is locatit; Khreschatyk Street or simply Kreschatyk which is widely associative wi the dountoun o Kiev; an mony ithers.

Poleetical centre[eedit | eedit soorce]

Syne the 1930s, Pechersk is considered the poleetical centre o the ceety an the phrase "Pechersk Hills" became a metonym for the Ukrainian govrenment an/or poleetical elite an aw. This refers tae mony branches o the Govrenment o Ukraine such as the Verkhovna Rada (parliament), the office o the Preses, the Cabinet o Meenisters o Ukraine (umwhile the Ukrainian SSR cabinet), the Supreme Court o Ukraine situatit close tae each ither.

Housomeivver, this "poleetical aurie" is in fact the Lypky historical neebourheid athin Pecherskyi Raion, no the Pechersk neebourheid itsel. Lypky is notable bi its consistent an distinctive Soviet airchitectur an aw, purposely designed for a elite quairter o govrenment biggins an heichest statesmen' residence.

Pechersk Raion[eedit | eedit soorce]

Admeenistrative Pechersk Raion (erroneously cried simply Pechersk) besides the historical Pechersk includes several ither smawer distinct historical neebourheids o Kiev, amang major are:

The raion is locatit on the wast bank (Richt Bank) o Dnieper River.

Places o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mony ither historical an airchitectural monuments are situatit here. Here is locatit Askold's Grave which wis depictit bi Taras Shevchenko on his pentin o 1846. Aroond the burial wis creatit the Askold Grave Park an wis built a firthen krik that later wis reconstructit intae the brick ane designed bi Andriy Ivanovych Melensky. The kirk's name is the Saint Nicolas the Miracle-wirker Kirk or Rotonda. Thare are lairge residential, industrial, halthcare an militar auries in the raion, as well as a few picturesque pairks an sports venues like the Lobanovsky Dynamo Stadium. Mony admeenistrative an eddicational facilities are situatit in the destrict.

The gardens next tae the Hoose wi Chimaeras. On the backgrund is the biggin o the Presidential Admeenistration.

The famous iArt nouveau Hoose wi Chimaeras an gigantic statue o Mither Mitherland are locatit in Pechersk Raion (Lypky an Zvirynets respectively) an aw.

Efter the declaration o Ukrainian unthirldom in 1991, Pechersk Raion retained an developit its role becomin a luxury residential aurie an aw. The few lairge industrial companies locatit in the destrict are considerin tae muive elsewhaur, pocketin a significant profit frae the real estate they hauld frae the times o the Soviet Ukraine (see Kiev Arsenal factory).

The 18t century biggin o the Kiev Arsenal.

Landmarks[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]