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Ankara Views.jpg
Ankara is locatit in Turkey
Location o Ankara
Coordinates: 39°52′N 32°52′E / 39.867°N 32.867°E / 39.867; 32.867
Kintra Turkey
Region Central Anatolie
Province Ankara
 • Mayor Melih Gökçek (AKP)
 • Govrenor Alaaddin Yüksel
 • Ceety 2,516 km2 (971 sq mi)
Elevation 938 m (3,077 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Density 1,551/km2 (4,020/sq mi)
 • Metro 4,431,719
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Simmer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 06xxx
Aurie code(s) 312
Licence plate 06

Ankara is the caipital o Turkey an the kintras's seicont lairgest ceety efter Istanbul. The ceety haes a mean elevation o 938 meters abuin sea level, wi varyin elevations frae 900 meters tae 1,300 meters abuin sea level.[2] As o 2008 the ceety haed a population o 4.500.000. Ankara an aa serves as the caipital o Ankara Province.

As wi mony auncient ceeties, Ankara haes gane bi several names ower the ages. It haes been identified wi the Hittite cult center Ankuwaš,[3][4] awtho this remains a matter o debate.[5] In classical antiquity an durin the medieval period, the ceety wis kent as Ánkyra (Ἄγκυρα, "anchor") in Greek an Ancyra in Latin; the Galatian Celtic name wis probably a seemilar variant. Follaein its annexation bi the Seljuk Turks in 1073, the ceety became kent in mony European leids as Angora, a uisage which continued till its offeecial renamin tae Ankara unnnr the Turkish Postal Service Law o 1930.[6]

Centrally locatit in Anatolie, Ankara is an important commercial an industrial ceety. It is the centre o the Turkish Govrenment, an hooses aw foreign embassies. It is an important crossroads o tred, strategically locatit at the centre o Turkey's heichway an railwey netwirks, an serves as the mercatin centre for the surroondin agricultural aurie. The ceety wis famous for its lang-haired Angora goat an its prized wool (mohair), a unique breed o cat (Angora cat), white rabbits an thair prized wool (Angora wool), peirs, honey, an the region's muscat grapes.

The historical centre o Ankara is situatit upon a rocky hill, which rises 150 m (492 ft) abuin the plain on the left bank o the Ankara Çayı, a tributary o the Sakarya (Sangarius) river. The ceety is locatit at 39°52'30" North, 32°52' East (39°52′30″N 32°50′00″E / 39.875°N 32.8333°E / 39.875; 32.8333Coordinates: 39°52′30″N 32°50′00″E / 39.875°N 32.8333°E / 39.875; 32.8333), aboot 351 km (218 mi) tae the sootheast o Istanbul, the kintra's lairgest ceety. Awtho situatit in ane o the driest places o Turkey an surroondit maistly bi steppe vegetation except for the forestit auries on the soothren periphery, Ankara can be considered a green ceety in terms o green auries per inhabitant, which is 72 m2 per heid.[7]

Ankara is a vera auld ceety wi various Hittite, Phrygian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, an Ottoman archaeological sites. The hill which owerleuks the ceety is crouned bi the ruins o the auld castle, which adds tae the picturesqueness o the view, but anly a few historic structures surroondin the auld citadel hae survived tae the present day. Thare are, housomeivver, mony finely preserved remains o Hellenistic, Roman an Byzantine architecture, the maist remarkable bein the Temple o Augustus an Roum (20 BC) which is an aa kent as the Monumentum Ancyranum.[8]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ankara is twinned wi:[9] o Ankara are leetit belaw:


Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. [1] Address-based population report 2010.
  2. Ankara, Turkey: Latitude, Longitude and Altitude
  3. "Judy Turman: Early Christianity in Turkey". Retrieved 2010-06-29. 
  4. "Saffet Emre Tonguç: Ankara (Hürriyet Seyahat)". Retrieved 2010-06-29. 
  5. Gorny, Ronald L. "Zippalanda and Ankuwa: The Geography of Central Anatolia in the Second Millennium B.C." The Journal of the American Oriental Society. Vol. 117 (1997).
  6. Tore Kjeilen (2004-09-03). "Ankara". Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  7. "Municipality of Ankara: Green areas per head". Retrieved 2010-06-29. 
  8. "LacusCurtius • Monumentum Ancyranum". Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  9. "Ankara Metropolitan Municipality: Sister Cities of Ankara". © 2007 Ankara Büyükşehir Belediyesi - Tüm Hakları Saklıdır. Kullanım Koşulları & Gizlilik. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  10. "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  11. daenet d.o.o. "Sarajevo Official Web Site : Sister cities". Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  12. "Tbilisi Municipal Portal - Sister Cities". © 2009 - Tbilisi City Hall. Retrieved 2009-06-16. 
  13. "Twinning Cities: International Relations" (PDF). Municipality of Tirana. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]