Malaysie

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Malaysie
Banner o Malaysie
Coat o airms o Malaysie
Banner Coat o airms
Motto: "Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu"[1]
"Unity Is Strength"
Anthem: Negaraku
Ma Kintra
Location o Malaysie (dark green) in ASEAN (licht green) an Asie.
Location o Malaysie (dark green) in ASEAN (licht green) an Asie.
Capital
an lairgest ceety
Kuala Lumpur
Putrajaya (admeenistrative)
3°08′N 101°42′E / 3.133°N 101.700°E / 3.133; 101.700
Offeecial leids Malaysie
Offeecial script Malay (Laitin) alphabet
Recognised leids Inglis
Ethnic groups ([2])
Releegion
Demonym Malaysie[3]
Govrenment Federal pairlamentary
constitutional monarchy
, Elective monarchy
• King
Abdul Halim
Najib Tun Razak (BN)
Muhyiddin Yassin (BN)
Legislatur Pairlament
Dewan Negara
Dewan Rakyat
Unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick
31 August 1957[4]
22 Julie 1963[5]
31 August 1963[6]
16 September 1963
Aurie
• Tot
329,847 km2 (127,355 sq mi) (67th)
• Watter (%)
0.3
Population
• 2017 estimate
31,436,000[7] (42nt)
• 2010 census
28,334,135[8]
• Density
92/km2 (238.3/sq mi) (116t)
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
• Total
$746.821 billion[9] (28t)
• Per capita
$24,520.784[9] (42nt)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
• Total
$336.913 billion[9] (35t)
• Per capita
$11,062.043[9] (65t)
Gini (2009) negative increase 46.2[10]
heich · 36t
HDI (2013) Steady 0.773[11]
heich · 62nd
Siller Ringgit (RM) (MYR)
Time zone MST (UTC+8)
• Summer (DST)
not observed (UTC+8)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on the left
Cawin code +60
Internet TLD .my

Malaysie is a federal constitutional monarchy in Soothaest Asie. It consists o thirteen states an three federal territories an haes a total landmass of 329,845 km (127,354 mi). The kintra is separated bi the Sooth Cheenae Sea intae twa regions, Peninsular Malaysie an Malaysien Borneo (an aa kent as Wast an Aest Malaysie respectively) an haes maritime boundaries with Singapore, Vietnam, an the Philippines. The caipital ceety is Kuala Lumpur, while Putrajaya is the seat o the federal govrenment. The population staunds at ower 28 million.

Malaysia haes its oreegins in the Malay Kinricks present in the aurie which, frae the 18t century, became subject tae the Breetish Empire. The first Breetish territories wur kent as the Straits Settlements. Peninsular Malaysie, then kent as Malaya, wis first unified unner the commonweel in 1946, afore becomin the Federation o Malaya in 1948. In 1963, Malaya unified wi Sabah, Sarawak, an Singapore. In 1965, Singapore co-optit oot o the federation an became an independent ceety state. Syne its unthirldom, Malaysie haes haed ane o the best economic records in Asie, wi GDP growin an average 6.5% for the first 50 years o unthirldom.

Malaysia's heid o state is the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, conventionally referred tae as "the Head" or "the Agong". The Agong is an electit monarch chosen frae ane o the sultans frae the Malaysien states. The head o govrenment is the Prime Minister. The govrenment is closely modelled on the Westminster parliamentary seestem.

Malaysie, which, in Tanjung Piai, can claim the soothmaist point o continental Eurasie, is locatit near the equator an haes a tropical climate. It haes a biodiverse range o flora an fauna, an is considered ane o the 17 megadiverse countries. It is a foondin member o the Association o Southeast Asian Nations an the Organisation o the Islamic Conference, an a member o Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation an the Non-Aligned Movement.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Malaysian Flag and Coat of Arms". Malaysian Government. Retrieved 9 September 2013. 
  2. "Malaysia". CIA. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  3. "Malaysia". United States State Department. 14 July 2010. Retrieved 14 September 2010. 
  4. Derek Mackay (11 June 2005). Eastern Customs: The Customs Service in British Malaya and the Opium Trade. The Radcliffe Press. pp. 240–. ISBN 978-1-85043-844-1. Retrieved 28 August 2013. 
  5. Frans Welman. Borneo Trilogy Sarawak: Volume 2. Booksmango. pp. 134–. ISBN 978-616-245-089-1. Retrieved 28 August 2013. 
  6. Frans Welman. Borneo Trilogy Volume 1: Sabah. Booksmango. pp. 159–. ISBN 978-616-245-078-5. Retrieved 28 May 2013. 
  7. "Malaysia Population Clock". Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  8. "Population Distribution and Basic Demographic Characteristics" (PDF). Department of Statistics, Malaysia. p. 82. Retrieved 4 October 2011. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 "Malaysia". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 16 October 2014. 
  10. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  11. "2014 Human Development Report Summary" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2014. pp. 21–25. Retrieved 27 July 2014.