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Republic o Singapore
Republic of Singapore
Banner Coat o airms
(Banner) (Coat o airms)
Motto: "Majulah Singapura"  Template:Ms icon
"Onward, Singapore"
Offeecial leid Inglis, Malay, Staundart Mandarin
(an lairgest ceety)
(Dountoun Core, Central)1
 - Preses
Prime meenister
Parliamentary republic
Tony Tan Keng Yam
Lee Hsien Loong 
 - Total
 - % watter

710.2 km²/274.2 sq mi
 - 2010
 - 2009 census
 - Density
 - Frae Treaty of Pressburg
9 August 1965
Siller Singapore dollar
Time zone SST (UTC+8)
Naitional anthem
Majulah Singapura
Internet TLD .sg
Cawin code +65

Singapore, offeecially the Republic o Singapore, is an island kintra aff the soothren tip o the Malay Peninsula, 137 kilometres (85 mi) north o the equator, in the Sootheast Asien region o the Asien continent. It is separatit frae Malaysie bi the Straits o Johor tae its north, an frae Indonesie's Riau Islands bi the Singapore Strait tae its sooth. A ceety-state, Singapore is the warld's fowert leadin financial centre an a cosmopolitan warld ceety, playin a key role in internaitional trade an finance.

Singapore haes a lang history o immigration. It haes a diverse population o close tae 5 million fowk made up o Cheenese, Malays, Indians, Asians o various descents, an Caucasians.[1] 42% o the population in Singapore are foreigners who wirk an study thare. Foreign wirkers mak up 50% o the service sector.[2][3] The kintra is the seicont maist densely populatit in the warld efter Monaco.[4] A.T. Kearney named Singapore the maist globalised kintra in the warld in 2006 in its Globalization Index.[5]

Afore unthirldom in 1965, Singapore wis a vibrant tradin port wi a GDP per capita o $511, the third heichest in East Asie then.[6] Efter unthirldom, foreign direct investment an a state-led drive for industrialisation based on plans bi umwhile Deputy Prime Meenister Dr. Goh Keng Swee creatit a modren economy.[7]

The Economist Intelligence Unit in its "Quality-Of-Life Index" ranks Singapore as haein the best quality o life in Asie and eleivent oweraw in the warld.[8] Singapore possesses the warld's nint lairgest foreign reserves.[9][10] The kintra an aa maintains airmed forces that are technologically advanced an well-equipped.[11][12]

Efter a contraction o -6.8% in the 4t quarter of 2009,[13] Singapore claimed the title o fastest-growin economy in the warld, wi GDP growth o 17.9% in the first hauf o 2010.[14]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: Names o Singapore

The Inglis name o Singapore is derived frae the Malay name Singapura (Sanskrit सिंहपुर "Lion City"). The day it is sometimes referred tae as the Lion Ceety. Studies indicate that lions probably niver lived thare; the beast seen bi Sang Nila Utama, foonder o Singapore, who gave the ceety its name, wis maist likely a tiger.[15][16]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Statistics Singapore - Latest Data". Retrieved 23 August 2010. 
  2. "Trends in international migrant stock: The 2008 revision", United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2009).
  3. "Population Trends 2009", Singapore Department of Statistics. ISSN 1793-2424
  4. Leet kintras an dependencies bi population density.
  5. "Measuring Globalization", Foreign Policy, no date.
  6. GDP (per capita) (1968) by country,
  7. Murphy, Craig (2006). The United Nations Development Programme: A Better Way?. Cambridge University Press. p. 101. ISBN 9780521864695. 
  8. "The Economist Intelligence Unit's quality-of-life index", 2005.
  9. Official Foreign Reserves, Monetary Authority of Singapore.
  10. Top 10 countries with Largest Foreign Exchange Reserves, Shine, 8 September 2009.
  11. Moss, Trefor (18 January 2010). "Buying an advantage". Jane's Defence Review. 
  12. "The Impact of Singapore's Military Development on Malaysia's Security". Journal of Politics and Law. Canadian Center of Science and Education. 2 (2): P68. 2009. ISSN 1913-9047.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (help); |coauthors= requires |author= (help)
  13. "Singapore GDP Contracts By 6.8% In The Fourth Quarter". Gov Monitor. 3 January 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2010. 
  14. Ramesh, S. (8 August 2010). "Govt's goal is to ensure all S'poreans enjoy fruits of growth: PM Lee". Channel News Asia. Singapore. 
  15. "Studying In Singapore". Search Singapore. Retrieved 14 April 2006. 
  16. "Sang Nila Utama" (PDF). 24hr Art. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 19 August 2006. Retrieved 14 April 2006.