Singapore

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Republic o Singapore
Republik Singapura  (Malay)
新加坡共和国 (Cheenese)
சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு (Tamil)
Motto: 
"Majulah Singapura" (Malay)
(Scots: "Onwart, Singapore")
Anthem: Majulah Singapura
(Scots: "Onwart, Singapore")
Location o  Singapore  (red)
Location o  Singapore  (red)
Caipital Singapore (ceety-state)
1°17′N 103°50′E / 1.283°N 103.833°E / 1.283; 103.833
Lairgest PA Bedok[1]
1°19′24.97″N 103°55′38.43″E / 1.3236028°N 103.9273417°E / 1.3236028; 103.9273417
Offeecial leids
Offeecial scripts
Ethnic groups
Releegion
Demonym Singaporean
Govrenment Unitar dominant-pairty pairlamentary republic
• Preses
Halimah Yacob
Lee Hsien Loong
Legislatur Pairlament
Aurie
• Tot
719.9 km2 (278.0 sq mi)[3] (176th)
Population
• 2016[3] estimate
5,607,300 (113t)
• Density
7,797/km2 (20,194.1/sq mi) (3rd)
GDP (PPP) 2018[4] estimate
• Total
$537.447 billion (39th)
• Per capita
$93,678 (3rd)
GDP (nominal) 2018[4] estimate
• Total
$316.872 billion (41st)
• Per capita
$55,231 (10t)
Gini (2014) negative increase 46.4[5]
heich · 30t
HDI (2015) Increase 0.925[6]
verra heich · 5t
Siller Singapore dollar (SGD)
Time zone SST (UTC+8)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on the caur
Cawin code +65
ISO 3166 code SG
Internet TLD

Singapore, offeecially the Republic o Singapore, is an island kintra aff the soothren tip o the Malay Peninsula, 137 kilometres (85 mi) north o the equator, in the Sootheast Asien region o the Asien continent. It is separatit frae Malaysie bi the Straits o Johor tae its north, an frae Indonesie's Riau Islands bi the Singapore Strait tae its sooth. A ceety-state, Singapore is the warld's fowert leadin financial centre an a cosmopolitan warld ceety, playin a key role in internaitional trade an finance.

Singapore haes a lang history o immigration. It haes a diverse population o close tae 5 million fowk made up o Cheenese, Malays, Indians, Asians o various descents, an Caucasians.[7] 42% o the population in Singapore are foreigners who wirk an study thare. Foreign wirkers mak up 50% o the service sector.[8][9] The kintra is the seicont maist densely populatit in the warld efter Monaco.[10] A.T. Kearney named Singapore the maist globalised kintra in the warld in 2006 in its Globalization Index.[11]

Afore unthirldom in 1965, Singapore wis a vibrant tradin port wi a GDP per capita o $511, the third heichest in East Asie then.[12] Efter unthirldom, foreign direct investment an a state-led drive for industrialisation based on plans bi umwhile Deputy Prime Meenister Dr. Goh Keng Swee creatit a modren economy.[13]

The Economist Intelligence Unit in its "Quality-Of-Life Index" ranks Singapore as haein the best quality o life in Asie and eleivent oweraw in the warld.[14] Singapore possesses the warld's nint lairgest foreign reserves.[15][16] The kintra an aa maintains airmed forces that are technologically advanced an well-equipped.[17][18]

Efter a contraction o -6.8% in the 4t quarter of 2009,[19] Singapore claimed the title o fastest-growin economy in the warld, wi GDP growth o 17.9% in the first hauf o 2010.[20]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Names o Singapore

The Inglis name o Singapore is derived frae the Malay name Singapura (Sanskrit सिंहपुर "Lion City"). The day it is sometimes referred tae as the Lion Ceety. Studies indicate that lions probably niver lived thare; the beast seen bi Sang Nila Utama, foonder o Singapore, who gave the ceety its name, wis maist likely a tiger.[21][22]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Singapore Residents by Planning Area/Subzone, Age Group and Sex, June 2000 – 2015". Statistics Singapore. Archived frae the oreeginal (XLS) on 30 Januar 2016. Retrieved 7 Januar 2016. 
  2. Statistics Singapore: 2015 General Household Survey. Religion data
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Population & Land Area (Mid-Year Estimates)". Statistics Singapore. Juin 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2014. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Singapore". International Monetary Fund. 
  5. "Distribution of family income – Gini Index". CIA. 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  6. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 23 Mairch 2017. 
  7. "Statistics Singapore - Latest Data". Singstat.gov.sg. Retrieved 23 August 2010. 
  8. "Trends in international migrant stock: The 2008 revision", United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2009).
  9. "Population Trends 2009", Singapore Department of Statistics. ISSN 1793-2424
  10. Leet kintras an dependencies bi population density.
  11. "Measuring Globalization", Foreign Policy, no date.
  12. GDP (per capita) (1968) by country, NationMaster.com.
  13. Murphy, Craig (2006). The United Nations Development Programme: A Better Way?. Cambridge University Press. p. 101. ISBN 9780521864695. 
  14. "The Economist Intelligence Unit's quality-of-life index", 2005.
  15. Official Foreign Reserves, Monetary Authority of Singapore.
  16. Top 10 countries with Largest Foreign Exchange Reserves, Shine, 8 September 2009.
  17. Moss, Trefor (18 Januar 2010). "Buying an advantage". Jane's Defence Review. 
  18. "The Impact of Singapore's Military Development on Malaysia's Security". Journal of Politics and Law. Canadian Center of Science and Education. 2 (2): P68. 2009. ISSN 1913-9047.  Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (help)
  19. "Singapore GDP Contracts By 6.8% In The Fourth Quarter". Gov Monitor. 3 Januar 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2010. 
  20. Ramesh, S. (8 August 2010). "Govt's goal is to ensure all S'poreans enjoy fruits of growth: PM Lee". Channel News Asia. Singapore. 
  21. "Studying In Singapore". Search Singapore. Retrieved 14 Aprile 2006. 
  22. "Sang Nila Utama" (PDF). 24hr Art. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 19 August 2006. Retrieved 14 Aprile 2006.