Vietnam

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Socialist Republic o Vietnam
Cộng hòa Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam
Banner Emblem
Motto: "Độc lập – Tự do – Hạnh phúc"
"Unthirldom – Freedom – Happiness"
Anthem: Tiến Quân Ca
"Airmy Mairch"[N 1]
Location o  Vietnam  (green)in ASEAN  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Vietnam  (green)

in ASEAN  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Caipital Hanoi
21°2′N 105°51′E / 21.033°N 105.850°E / 21.033; 105.850
Largest city Ho Chi Minh Ceety
Offeecial leids Vietnamese
Offeecial scripts Vietnamese
Ethnic groups
Demonym Vietnamese
Government Single-pairty socialist republic
 -  Communist Pairty General Secretar Nguyễn Phú Trọng
 -  Preses Trương Tấn Sang
 -  Prime Meenister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng
 -  Chairman o Naitional Assembly Nguyễn Sinh Hùng
Legislatur Naitional Assembly
Formation
 -  North Vietnam independent, naitional day 2 September 1945 
 -  Faw o Saigon 30 Aprile 1975 
 -  Reunification 2 Julie 1976[1] 
 -  Current constitution 15 Aprile 1992 
Aurie
 -  Total 331,210 km2 (65t)
128,565 sq mi 
 -  Watter (%) 6.4[2]
Population
 -  2013 estimate 89,693,000[3] (13t)
 -  Densitie 272/km2 (46t)
703/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
 -  Total $358.889 billion[3] (38t)
 -  Per capita $4,001.287[3] (132nt)
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
 -  Total $170.020 billion[3] (58t)
 -  Per capita $1,895.576[3] (134t)
Gini (2008) 35.6[4]
middlin
HDI (2012) Increase 0.617[5]
medium · 127th
Currency đồng (₫)[6] (VND)
Time zone Indocheenae Time (UTC+07:00)
 -  Summer (DST) No DST (UTC+7)
Drives on the right
Cawin code +84
Internet TLD .vn

Vietnam (pronounced /ˌviː.ɛtˈnɑːm/ VEE-et-nahm; Vietnamese: Việt Nam, Aboot this soond listen ), offeecially the Socialist Republic o Vietnam (Vietnamese: Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam, Aboot this soond listen ), is the eastrenmaist kintra on the Indocheenae Peninsula in Sootheast Asie. It is bordered bi Fowkrepublic o Cheenae (FRC) tae the north, Laos tae the northwast, Cambodie tae the soothwast, an the Sooth Cheenae Sea, referred tae as East Sea (Vietnamese: Biển Đông), tae the east. Wi a population o ower 86 million, Vietnam is the 13t maist populous kintra in the warld.

The fowk o Vietnam regained independence an brak away frae Cheenae in AD 938 efter their victory at the battle o Bạch Đằng River. Successive dynasties flourished alang wi geographic an political expansion deeper intae Sootheast Asie, till it wis colonized bi the French in the mid-19t century. Efforts tae resist the French eventually led tae their expulsion frae the kintra in the mid-20t century, leavin a naition dividit politically intae twa kintras. Fechtin atween the twa sides continued durin the Vietnam War, endin wi a North Vietnamese victory in 1975.

Emergin frae this prolonged military engagement, the war-ravaged naition wis politically isolatit. In 1986, the government institutit economic an political reforms an began a path towards internaitional reintegration.[7] Bi 2000, it haed establisht diplomatic relations wi maist naitions. Its economic growth haes been amang the hichest in the warld in the past decade.[8] These economic reforms an' a' introduced inequality in mony spheres o life in Vietnam such as income distribution an women's richts.[9][10][11][12][13]

Ho Chi Minh ceity

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Robbers, Gerhard (30 January 2007). Encyclopedia of world constitutions. Infobase Publishing. p. 1021. ISBN 978-0-8160-6078-8. Retrieved 1 July 2011. 
  2. Vietnam – Geography. Index Mundi. 12 July 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 "World Economic Outlook: Vietnam". International Monetary Fund. October 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  4. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  5. "2013 Human Development Index and its components – Statistics" (PDF). UNDP. 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2013. 
  6. "Socialist Republic of Vietnam". Travelsradiate.com. Retrieved 6 August 2011. 
  7. "Vietnam's new-look economy". BBC News. 2004-10-18. 
  8. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/3752682.stmThese efforts resultit in Vietnam joinin the World Trade Organization in 2007.
  9. [1]
  10. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-55397564.html
  11. [2]
  12. http://www.jstor.org/pss/2761129
  13. http://ideas.repec.org/p/wbk/wbrwps/2896.html

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Anly the first verse o the "Airmy Mairch" is recognized as the offeecial naitional anthem o the Socialist Republic o Vietnam.