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Socialist Republic o Vietnam

[Cộng hòa Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam] error: {{lang}}: text has italic markup (help)
Motto: "Độc lập – Tự do – Hạnh phúc"
"Unthirldom – Freedom – Happiness"
Anthem[Tiến Quân Ca] error: {{lang}}: text has italic markup (help)
"Airmy Mairch"[N 1]
Location o  Vietnam  (green) in ASEAN  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Vietnam  (green)

in ASEAN  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

21°2′N 105°51′E / 21.033°N 105.850°E / 21.033; 105.850
Lairgest ceetyHo Chi Minh Ceety
Offeecial leidsVietnamese
Offeecial scriptsVietnamese
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentSingle-pairty socialist republic
Nguyễn Phú Trọng
• Preses
Võ Thị Ánh Xuân
Võ Thị Ánh Xuân
Phạm Minh Chính
Vương Đình Huệ
LegislaturNaitional Assembly
• North Vietnam independent, naitional day
2 September 1945
30 Aprile 1975
2 Julie 1976[1]
15 Aprile 1992
• Total
331,210 km2 (127,880 sq mi) (65t)
• Water (%)
• 2013 estimate
89,693,000[3] (13t)
• Density
272/km2 (704.5/sq mi) (46t)
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
• Total
$358.889 billion[3] (38t)
• Per capita
$4,001.287[3] (132nt)
GDP (nominal)2013 estimate
• Tot
$170.020 billion[3] (58t)
• Per capita
$1,895.576[3] (134t)
Gini (2008)35.6[4]
HDI (2012)Increase 0.617[5]
medium · 127th
Currencyđồng (₫)[6] (VND)
Time zoneUTC+07:00 (Indocheenae Time)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+7 (No DST)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+84
ISO 3166 codeVN
Territorial Organization
Territorial Organization 2

Vietnam (pronounced /ˌviː.ɛtˈnɑːm/ (deprecatit template) VEE-et-NAHM; Việt Nam, Aboot this soondlisten ), offeecially the Socialist Republic o Vietnam (Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam, Aboot this soondlisten ), is the eastrenmaist kintra on the Indocheenae Peninsula in Sootheast Asie. It is bordered bi Fowkrepublic o Cheenae (FRC) tae the north, Laos tae the northwast, Cambodie tae the soothwast, an the Sooth Cheenae Sea, referred tae as East Sea (Biển Đông), tae the east. Wi a population o ower 86 million, Vietnam is the 13t maist populous kintra in the warld.

The fowk o Vietnam regained unthirldom an brak away frae Cheenae in AD 938 efter thair victory at the battle o Bạch Đằng River. Successive dynasties flourished alang wi geographic an poleetical expansion deeper intae Sootheast Asie, till it wis colonized bi the French in the mid-19t century. Efforts tae resist the French eventually led tae thair expulsion frae the kintra in the mid-20t century, leavin a naition dividit politically intae twa kintras. Fechtin atween the twa sides continued durin the Vietnam War, endin wi a North Vietnamese victory in 1975.

Emergin frae this prolonged military engagement, the war-ravaged naition wis politically isolatit. In 1986, the govrenment institutit economic an poleetical reforms an began a path towards internaitional reintegration.[7] Bi 2000, it haed establisht diplomatic relations wi maist naitions. Its economic growthe haes been amang the hichest in the warld in the past decade.[8] Thir economic reforms an' a' introduced inequality in mony spheres o life in Vietnam sic as income distribution an weemen's richts.[9][10][11][12][13]

Ho Chi Minh (Saigón) ceity

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Robbers, Gerhard (30 Januar 2007). Encyclopedia of world constitutions. Infobase Publishing. p. 1021. ISBN 978-0-8160-6078-8. Retrieved 1 Julie 2011.
  2. Vietnam – Geography. Index Mundi. 12 July 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
  3. a b c d e "World Economic Outlook: Vietnam". International Monetary Fund. October 2013. Retrieved 16 Februar 2014.
  4. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2013.
  5. "2013 Human Development Index and its components – Statistics" (PDF). UNDP. 2013. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 19 Mairch 2013. Retrieved 15 Mairch 2013.
  6. "Socialist Republic of Vietnam". Archived frae the original on 10 Mey 2011. Retrieved 6 August 2011.
  7. "Vietnam's new-look economy". BBC News. 18 October 2004.
  8.[deid airtin] efforts resultit in Vietnam joinin the World Trade Organization in 2007.
  9. [1]
  10. Archived 2011-02-15 at the Wayback Machine
  11. [2][deid airtin]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Anly the first verse o the "Airmy Mairch" is recognized as the offeecial naitional anthem o the Socialist Republic o Vietnam.