Hmong fowk

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Hmong
赫蒙族/苗族/𖬌𖬣𖬵
Hmong women at Coc Ly market, Sapa, Vietnam.jpg
Flouer Hmong weemen in tradeetional dress at the mercat in Bắc Hà, Vietnam
Tot population
14 to 15 million[1]
Regions wi signeeficant populations
 Cheenae ~9.4 million[2][3]
 Vietnam 1,068,189 (2009)[4]
 Laos 595,028 (2015)
 Unitit States 260,073 (2010)[5]
 Thailand 250,070 (2015)
 Australie 2,190[6]
 Fraunce (French Guiana) 2,000[7]
 Canadae 805[8]
Leids
Hmong
Releegion
Buddhism, Christianity, Shamanism

The Hmong (pronounced [m̥ɔ̃ŋ]), are an Asian ethnic group frae the muntainous regions o Cheenae, Vietnam, Laos, an Thailand. Hmong are an aa ane o the sub-groups o the Miao ethnicity (苗族) in soothren Cheenae. Hmong groups began a gradual soothward migration in the 18t century due tae poleetical unrest an tae find mair arable land.

A number o Hmong fowk fought against the communist-naitionalist Pathet Lao durin the Laotian Ceevil War. Hmong fowk wur singled oot for retribution when the Pathet Lao teuk ower the Laotian government in 1975, an tens o thoosans fled tae Thailand seekin poleetical asylum. Thoosans o these refugees hae resettled in Wastren kintras since the late 1970s, maistly the Unitit States but an aa Australie, Fraunce, French Guiana, an Canadae. Ithers hae been returned tae Laos unner Unitit Naitions-sponsored repatriation programs. Aroond 8,000 Hmong refugees remain in Thailand.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Lemoine, Jacques (2005). "What is the actual number of (H)mong in the world?" (PDF). Hmong Studies Journal. 6. 
  2. Actual number is in dispute, as Hmong fowk are lumped thegither wi relatit fowks tae form a super-ethnicity - the Miao. Mony Hmong find this term offensive.
  3. "Hmong people". Encyclopedia Britannica (in Inglis). Retrieved 2017-11-10. 
  4. "The 2009 Vietnam Population and Housing Census: Completed Results". General Statistics Office of Vietnam: Central Population and Housing Census Steering Committee. June 2010. p. 134. Archived frae the oreeginal on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  5. "American FactFinder". Factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  6. "ABS Census – ethnicity". Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  7. "Hmong's new lives in Caribbean". 2004-03-10. Retrieved 2014-03-11. 
  8. Canada. "Census Profile, 2016 Census".