Hmong fowk

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Flouer Hmong weemen in tradeetional dress at the mercat in Bắc Hà, Vietnam
Tot population
14 to 15 million[1]
Regions wi signeeficant populations
 Cheenae~9.4 million[2][3]
 Vietnam1,068,189 (2009)[4]
 Laos595,028 (2015)
 Unitit States260,073 (2010)[5]
 Thailand250,070 (2015)
 Fraunce (French Guiana)2,000[7]
Buddhism, Christianity, Shamanism

The Hmong (pronounced [m̥ɔ̃ŋ]), are an Asian ethnic group frae the muntainous regions o Cheenae, Vietnam, Laos, an Thailand. Hmong are an aa ane o the sub-groups o the Miao ethnicity (苗族) in soothren Cheenae. Hmong groups began a gradual soothward migration in the 18t century due tae poleetical unrest an tae find mair arable land.

A number o Hmong fowk fought against the communist-naitionalist Pathet Lao durin the Laotian Ceevil War. Hmong fowk wur singled oot for retribution when the Pathet Lao teuk ower the Laotian government in 1975, an tens o thoosans fled tae Thailand seekin poleetical asylum. Thoosans o these refugees hae resettled in Wastren kintras since the late 1970s, maistly the Unitit States but an aa Australie, Fraunce, French Guiana, an Canadae. Ithers hae been returned tae Laos unner Unitit Naitions-sponsored repatriation programs. Aroond 8,000 Hmong refugees remain in Thailand.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Lemoine, Jacques (2005). "What is the actual number of (H)mong in the world?" (PDF). Hmong Studies Journal. 6. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 21 Julie 2011. Retrieved 18 Julie 2019.
  2. Actual number is in dispute, as Hmong fowk are lumped thegither wi relatit fowks tae form a super-ethnicity - the Miao. Mony Hmong find this term offensive.
  3. "Hmong people". Encyclopedia Britannica (in Inglis). Retrieved 10 November 2017.
  4. "The 2009 Vietnam Population and Housing Census: Completed Results". General Statistics Office of Vietnam: Central Population and Housing Census Steering Committee. Juin 2010. p. 134. Archived frae the original on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  5. "American FactFinder". Retrieved 7 Juin 2012.
  6. "ABS Census – ethnicity". Archived frae the original on 22 Julie 2008. Retrieved 7 Juin 2012.
  7. "Hmong's new lives in Caribbean". 10 Mairch 2004. Retrieved 11 Mairch 2014.
  8. Canada. "Census Profile, 2016 Census".