Laos

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Coordinates: 18°N 105°E / 18°N 105°E / 18; 105

Lao Fowk's Democratic Republic
  • ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ (Lao)
  • Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao
Banner o Laos
Emblem o Laos
Banner Emblem
Motto: ສັນຕິພາບ ເອກະລາດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ເອກະພາບ ວັດທະນາຖາວອນ
(Scots: "Peace, unthirldom, democracy, unity an prosperity")
Anthem: "Pheng Xat Lao"
(Inglis: "Lao Naitional Anthem")
Location o  Laos  (green)in ASEAN  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Laos  (green)

in ASEAN  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital
an lairgest ceety
Vientiane
17°58′N 102°36′E / 17.967°N 102.600°E / 17.967; 102.600
Offeecial leids Lao
Spoken leids
Ethnic groups (2005[1])
Releegion Buddhism 64.7%
Laotian fowk releegion 31.4%
Christianity 1.7%
Islam 0.8%
Ither 1.3%
Demonym Laotian
Lao
Govrenment Unitar Marxist-Leninist ane-pairty socialist republic
• Preses
Bounnhang Vorachith
Phankham Viphavanh
Thongloun Sisoulith
Pany Yathotou
Legislatur Naitional Assemmly
Formation
1354–1707
1707–1778
• Vassal o Thonburi an Siam
1778–1893
1826–1828
1893–1949
• Unthirldom frae Fraunce
19 Julie 1949
• Declared Independence
22 October 1953
9 November 1953 – 2 December 1975
• Lao Monarchy abolished
2 December 1975
14 August 1991
23 Julie 1997
Aurie
• Tot
237,955 km2 (91,875 sq mi) (82nt)
• Watter (%)
2
Population
• 2016 estimate
6,758,353[2] (104t)
• 2015 census

7,096,376

6,492,228[3]
• Density
26.7/km2 (69.2/sq mi) (177t)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$44.639 billion[4]
• Per capita
$6,115[4]
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$14.971 billion[4]
• Per capita
$2,051[4]
Gini (2008) 36.7[5]
middlin
HDI (2015) Increase 0.586[6]
middlin · 138th
Siller Kip (LAK)
Time zone ICT
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the right
Cawin code +856
ISO 3166 code LA
Internet TLD .la

Laos (pronounced /ˈlɑː.oʊs/ (deprecatit template), /ˈlaʊ/, or /ˈleɪ.ɒs/), offeecially the Lao Fowkdemocratic Republic, is a landlocked kintra in Sootheast Asie, bordered bi Burma an Fowkrepublic o Cheenae tae the northwast, Vietnam tae the east, Cambodie tae the sooth an Thailand tae the wast.

Laos traces its history tae the Kinrick o Lan Xang or Land o a Million Elephants, which existit frae the 14t tae the 18t century. Efter a period as a French protectorate, it gained unthirldom in 1949. A lang ceevil war endit offeecially when the Communist Pathet Lao movement came tae pouer in 1975. The offeecial leid is Lao. Maist fowk are Buddhist wi a significant proportion o indigenous releegion as well. It is a member o the Association o Sootheast Asian Naitions (ASEAN), East Asie Summit an La Francophonie.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the Lao leid, the kintra's name is "Meuang Lao (ເມືອງລາວ)" which literally means "Lao Kintra." The French, who unitit the three separate Lao kinricks in French Indocheenae in 1893, spelled it wi a final silent "s," tae signify the unity o multiple Lao kinricks, hence "Laos". The Lao leid itsel haes nae final "s" soond, so Lao fowk pronoonce it as in their native tongue though some, especially those livin abroad, uise the pronunciation endin in "s".

Administrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Province map

Laos is dividit intae 16 provinces (qwang) an ane prefecture (Nakhonluang ViengChan) which includes Vientiane Caipital (Na Kone Luang Vientiane). Provinces are further dividit intae districts (muang) an then veelages (baan). An 'urban' veelage is essentially a toun. [7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Laos. CIA – The World Factbook. Cia.gov. Retrieved on 27 January 2013.
  2. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  3. "Archived copy". Archived frae the oreeginal on 13 November 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". World Economic Outlook Database. International Monetary Fund. 
  5. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011. 
  6. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017. 
  7. National Statistics Centre