Hmong leid

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lus Hmoob / lug Moob / lol Hmongb
Native tae Cheenae, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand,
USA, an French Guiana.
Native speakers
2.6 million (1995–2004)[1]
Pahawh Hmong, Latin
Leid codes
ISO 639-3 bluinclusive code
Individual codes:
hmv – Hmong Do (Vietnam)
mww – Hmong Daw (Laos, Cheenae)
hnj – Mong Njua (Laos, Cheenae)
hmz – Hmong Shua (Sinicized)
cqd – Chuanqiandian-cluster Miao
(cover term for Hmong in Cheenae)
hrm – Horned Miao (A-Hmo, Cheenae)
hmf – Hmong Don (Vietnam)

Hmong (RPA: Hmoob) or Mong (RPA: Moob) is the common name for a dialect continuum o the Wast Hmongic branch o the Hmong-Mien/Miao-Yao leid family spoken bi the Hmong fowk o Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi, northren Vietnam, Thailand, an Laos.[2] The total number o speakers warldwide haes been estimatit tae be mair than 4 million, includin ower 200,000 Hmong Americans.[3] Some dialects are mutually intelligible while ithers are so distinct as tae be considered separate leids.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Hmong at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
    Hmong Do (Vietnam) at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
    Hmong Daw (Laos, Cheenae) at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
    Mong Njua (Laos, Cheenae) at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  2. Ratliff, Martha (1992). Meaningful Tone: A Study of Tonal Morphology in Compounds, Form Classes, and Expressive Phrases in White Hmong. Dekalb, Illinois: Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Northern Illinois University. 
  3. Lemoine, Jacques (2005). "What is the actual number of the (H)mong in the World" (PDF). Hmong Studies Journal.