French Guiana

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French Guiana

Guyane  (French)
Banner o French Guiana
Kintra Fraunce
DepartmentsGuyane depairtment
 • PresessRodolphe Alexandre (UMP, region)
Alain Tien-Liong (MDES, department)
 • Total83534 km2 (32,253 sq mi)
 (Jan. 2009)
 • Total217,000
 • Density2.6/km2 (6.7/sq mi)
Demonym(s)French Guianese
Time zoneUTC-03 (GFT)
ISO 3166 codeGF
GDP (2008)[1]Rankit {{{GDP_rank}}}
Tot€3.2 billion (US${{{GDP_US$}}} bn)
Per capita€14,204 (US $20,904) (US${{{GDP_per_capita_US$}}})
NUTS RegionFR9
WebsitePrefecture, region, depairtment

French Guiana (French: Guyane française; [ɡɥijan fʁɑ̃sɛz], offeecially juist Guyane; Guianese Creole: Lagwiyann or Gwiyann fransé) is an owerseas region o Fraunce, consistin o a single owerseas depairtment locatit on the northren Atlantic coast o Sooth Americae. It haes borders wi twa naitions: Brazil tae the east an sooth, an Suriname tae the wast. Its 83,534 km2 (32,253 sq mi) hae a vera law population densitie o less nor 3/km2 (7.8/sq mi), wi amaist hauf o its 229,000 fowk in 2009 livin in the urban aurie o Cayenne, its caipital ceety.

The addition o the adjective "French" in Inglis comes frae colonial times when five sic colonies existit (The Guianas), namely frae wast tae east: Spaingie Guiana (nou Guayana Region in Venezuela), Breetish Guiana (nou Guyana), Dutch Guiana (nou Suriname), French Guiana, an Portuguese Guiana (nou Amapá, a state in far northren Brazil). French Guiana an the twa muckler kintras tae the north an wast, Guyana an Suriname, are still aften collectively referred tae as the Guianas an comprise ane lairge shield landmass.

A muckle pairt o the depairtment's economy derives frae the presence o the Guiana Space Centre, nou the European Space Agency's primary launch steid near the equator.

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  1. "Rapport annuel 2009 IEDOM Guyane" (PDF). IEDOM. Retrieved 12 August 2010.