Seine-Saint-Denis

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Seine-Saint-Denis
Depairtment

Coat of arms
Location o Seine-Saint-Denis in Fraunce
Coordinates: 48°54′N 02°29′E / 48.900°N 2.483°E / 48.900; 2.483
Kintra Fraunce
Region Île-de-France
Prefectur Bobigny
Subprefecturs Le Raincy
Saint-Denis
Government
 • Preses o the General Cooncil Claude Bartolone (PS)
Area1
 • Total 236 km2 (91 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 1,502,340
 • Rank 6t
 • Density 6,400/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Depairtment number 93
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 40
Communes 40
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, an lakes, ponds, an glaciers lairger than 1 km2

Seine-Saint-Denis (French pronunciation: [sɛn.sɛ̃.də.ni]) is a French depairtment locatit in the Île-de-France region. In local slang, it is kent as "quatre-vingt treize" (i.e. "ninety-three") or "neuf trois" (i.e. "nine three"), efter the offeecial admeenistrative number o the depairtment, 93. The inhabitants are cried Séquano-Dionysiens.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Seine-Saint-Denis is locatit tae the northeast o Paris. It has a surface area of only 236 km², makkin it ane o the smawest depairtments in Fraunce. Seine-Saint-Denis an twa ither sma depairtments, Hauts-de-Seine an Val-de-Marne, form a ring aroond Paris, kent as the Petite Couronne ("little croun"). They form, thegither wi Paris an fower ither depairtments, the region o Île-de-France.
Petite couronne.png

Admeenistration[eedit | eedit soorce]

Seine-Saint-Denis is made up o 3 depairtmental arrondissements an 40 communes:

Administrative map 93.png

Arrondissement o
Saint-Denis
Arrondissement o
Bobigny
Arrondissement o
Le Raincy
  1. Saint-Ouen
  2. Aubervilliers
  3. Saint-Denis
  4. L'Île-Saint-Denis
  5. Épinay-sur-Seine
  6. Villetaneuse
  7. Pierrefitte-sur-Seine
  8. Stains
  9. La Courneuve
  1. Dugny
  2. Le Bourget
  3. Drancy
  4. Bobigny
  5. Bondy
  6. Les Pavillons-sous-Bois
  7. Noisy-le-Sec
  8. Romainville
  9. Pantin
  10. Le Pré-Saint-Gervais
  11. Les Lilas
  12. Bagnolet
  13. Montreuil
  14. Rosny-sous-Bois
  15. Villemomble
  1. Neuilly-Plaisance
  2. Neuilly-sur-Marne
  3. Noisy-le-Grand
  4. Gournay-sur-Marne
  5. Gagny
  6. Le Raincy
  7. Clichy-sous-Bois
  8. Montfermeil
  9. Coubron
  10. Vaujours
  11. Livry-Gargan
  12. Sevran
  13. Aulnay-sous-Bois
  14. Le Blanc-Mesnil
  15. Villepinte
  16. Tremblay-en-France

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Seine-Saint-Denis wis creatut in Januar 1968, through the implementation o a law passed in Julie 1964. It wis formit frae the pairt o the (hitherto lairger) Seine depairtment tae the north an north-east o the Paris ring road (an the line of the old city walls), together with a small slice taken from Seine-et-Oise.

Seine-Saint-Denis haes a history as a veritable left-wing stranghauld, belangin tae the ceinture rouge (red belt) o Paris. The French Communist Pairty especially haes maintained a continued strang presence in the depairtment, an still controls the ceety cooncils in ceeties such as Saint-Denis, Bobigny, Le Blanc-Mesnil an La Courneuve. Till 2008, Seine-Saint-Denis an Val-de-Marne wur the anerlie depairtments whare the Communist Pairty haed a majority in the general cooncils but the 2008 cantonal elections saw the socialists become the strangest group at the Seine-Saint-Denis general cooncil (while the Communist Pairty gained a majority in Allier).

A commune o Seine-Saint-Denis, Clichy-sous-Bois, wis the scene o the daith o twa youths which spairkit the naitionwide riots o autumn 2005. In October - November, 9,000 caurs wur burned an 3,000 rioters wur arrestit.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Seine-Saint-Denis is the French depairtment wi the heichest proportion o immigrants: 21.7% at the 1999 census (see table belaw). This figur does no include the childer o immigrants born on French soil as well as some native elites frae umwhile French colonies an fowk who came frae owerseas Fraunce. The ratio o ethnic minorities is difficult tae estimate accurately as French law prohibits the collection o ethnic data for census takkin purposes. Housomeivver estimates suggest thare are 500,000 Muslims oot o a total population o 1.4 million. Saint-Denis is hame tae the Union o French Islamic Organizations (UOIF) in the Bourget destrict, which annually hosts ane o Europe's major Muslim conferences, Paris-le-Bourget.

In 2005, 56.7 % o young unner 18 wur o foreign oreegin includin 38% of African origin (22% frae Maghreb an 16% frae Sub-Saharan Africae). Islam is the main releegion.[1][2]

Place o birth o residents[eedit | eedit soorce]

Place of birth of residents of Seine-Saint-Denis in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
72.5% 27.5%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
3.1% 2.7% 4.4% 17.3%
¹This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France as of 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
²An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Culture[eedit | eedit soorce]

A number of hip hop artists come from the Seine-Saint-Denis, including one of the first major hip-hop groups in France, NTM, as well as Lord Kossity, or more recent acts such as Tandem or Sefyu.

Miscellaneous topics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Seine-Saint-Denis wis scheduled tae be the steid o a 2004 Internaitional Exhibition. Housomeivver this event wis cancelled.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Michèle Tribalat, Michèle Tribalat : "L'islam reste une menace", Le Monde, 13 octobre 2011
  2. Michèle Tribalat, Les yeux grands fermés, Denoël, 2010

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]