Suriname

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Coordinates: 4°N 56°W / 4°N 56°W / 4; -56

Republic o Suriname

Republiek Suriname  (Dutch)
Motto: "JustitiaPietasFides" (Laitin)
"Juistice – Piety – Trust"
AnthemGod zij met ons Suriname  (Dutch)
God be wi oor Suriname
Location o Suriname
Caipital
and largest city
Paramaribo
5°50′N 55°10′W / 5.833°N 55.167°W / 5.833; -55.167
Offeecial leidsDutch
Recognised regional leids
Vernacular leidSranan Tongo Creole
Ethnic groups
(2012)
Releegion
[7]
Demonym(s)Surinamese
GovrenmentUnitar pairlamentary republic
• Preses
Dési Bouterse
Ashwin Adhin
LegislaturNaitional Assembly
Unthirldom
15 December 1954
• frae the Kinrick of the Netherlands
25 November 1975
• Current constitution
30 September 1987
Aurie
• Total
163,821 km2 (63,252 sq mi) (92nt)
• Water (%)
1.1
Population
• Julie 2016 estimate
585,824[8] (166t)
• 2012 census
541,638[5]
• Density
2.9/km2 (7.5/sq mi) (231st)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$7.961 billion[9]
• Per capita
$13,934[9]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$3.641 billion[9]
• Per capita
$6,373[9]
Gini (1999)52.9[10]
heich
HDI (2015)Steady 0.725[11]
heich · 97t
CurrencySurinamese dollar (SRD)
Time zoneUTC-3 (SRT)
Drivin sidecaur
Cawin code+597
ISO 3166 codeSR
Internet TLD.sr

Suriname, offeecially the Republic o Suriname is a kintra in northren Sooth Americae. Its geographical size is juist unner 165,000 km² (64,000 sq mi), an it haes an estimatit population o exactly 52,000 inbiders (2010 census) maist o thaim live on the kintra's north coast, whaur the caipital Paramaribo is locatit.

Suriname wis lang inhabitit bi various indigenous fowk afore bein explored an contestit bi European pouers frae the 16t century, eventually comin unner Dutch rule in the late 17t century. In the Dutch colonial period, it wis primarily a plantation economy dependent on African sclaves an, follaein the aboleetion o sclavery, indenturt servants frae Asie. In 1954, Suriname becam ane o the constituent kintras o the Kinrick o the Netherlands. On 25 November 1975, the kintra o Suriname left the Kinrick o the Netherlands tae acome an independent state, nanetheless mainteenin close economic, diplomatic, an cultural ties to its umwhile coloniser.

Suriname is conseedert tae be a culturally Caribbean kintra, an is a member o the Caribbean Commonty (CARICOM). While Dutch is the offeecial leid o govrenment, business, media, an eddication,[8] Sranan, an Inglis-based creole leid, is a widely uised lingua franca. Suriname is the anerly sovereign naition ootside Europe whaur Dutch is spoken bi a majority o the population. As a legacy o colonisation, the fowk o Suriname are amang the maist diverse in the warld, spannin a multitude o ethnic, releegious, an lingueestic groups.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Suriname: An Asian Immigrant and the Organic Creation of the Caribbean’s Most Unique Fusion Culture, archived frae the oreeginal on 2017-02-20, retrieved 2017-07-19 
  2. "Censusstatistieken 2012" (PDF). Algemeen Bureau voor de Statistiek in Suriname (General Statistics Bureau of Suriname). p. 76. 
  3. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ns.html
  4. Algemeen Bureau voor de Statistiek. "Geselecteerde Census variabelen per district (Census-profiel)" (PDF). ABS. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 10 September 2008. Retrieved 24 July 2008. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Census statistieken 2012". Statistics-suriname.org. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  6. "Definitieve Resultaten (Vol I) Etniciteit". Presentatie Evaluatie Rapport CENSUS 8. Algemeen Bureau voor Statestieken in Suriname: 42. 
  7. 2012 Suriname Census Definitive Results. Algemeen Bureau voor de Statistiek – Suriname.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Central Intelligence Agency (2013). "Suriname". The World Factbook. Retrieved 4 August 2013. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 "Suriname". International Monetary Fund. 
  10. "GINI index". World Bank. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  11. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2017.