Regions o Fraunce
Template:Administrative divisions o Fraunce Fraunce is dividit intae 27 admeenistrative regions (French: régions, pronounced: [ʁe.ʒjɔ̃]), 22 o whilk is in Metropolitan Fraunce, an five o which are owerseas. Corsica is a territorial collectivity (French collectivité territoriale), but is considered a region in mainstream uisage, an is even shown in a siclike wey on the INSEE wabsteid. Ilka mainland region an Corsica is forder subdividit intae depairtments, rangin in nummer frae 2 tae 8 per region for the metropolitan anes whaur the owerseas regions technically consist o anerlie ane depairtment. The term region wis offeecially creatit bi the Law o Decentralization (2 Mairch 1982), whilk gied regions their legal status an aw. The first direct elections for regional representatives teuk place on 16 Mairch 1986.
Table o contents
General characteristics[eedit | eedit soorce]
In mainland Fraunce (keepin oot Corsica), the median land aurie o a region is 25,809 km² (9,965 sq mi), that is that wee bit lairger than the U.S. state o Vermont, an 4% the median land aurie o a Canadian province, but 15% lairger than the median land aurie o a German region ("Regierungsbezirk").
In 2004, the median population o a region in continental Fraunce wis 2,329,000 inhabitants, three quarters o the median population o a German Land (state), but mair than twice the median population o a Canadian province.
Role[eedit | eedit soorce]
Regions lack separate legislative authority an syne canna write their ain statutory law. They levy their ain taxes an, in return, receive a decreasin pairt o their budget frae the central govrenment, that gies them a portion o the taxes it levies. They hae considerable budgets managit bi a regional council (conseil régional) made up o representatives votit intae office in regional elections.
A region's primary responsibility is tae build an furnish high schools. In March 2004, the French central government unveiled a controversial plan tae transfer regulation o certain categories o non-teaching scuil staff tae the regional authorities. Critics of this plan contendit that tax revenue wis insufficient for tae pay for the resultin costs, an that a siclike measures wad increase regional inequalities.
In addition, regions hae considerable discretionary pouer ower infrastructural spendin, e.g., eddication, public transit, universities an research, an assistance tae business awners. This haes meant that the heids o walthy regions like Île-de-France or Rhône-Alpes can be heich-profile positions.
Proposals tae gie regions limitit legislative autonomy hae met wi considerable resistance; ithers propose transferrin certain pouers frae the depairtments tae their respective regions, leavin the departments wi limited authority.
Regional Control[eedit | eedit soorce]
Nummer o regions controlled bi ilka coalition syne 1986.
Representation o mainland France's regions an their respective historical an military flags[eedit | eedit soorce]
Regions an their caipitals[eedit | eedit soorce]
See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Budget o France
- Regional cooncils o Fraunce
- Admeenistrative diveesions o Fraunce
- Ranked leet o French regions
- French regional elections, 2004
- Flags o the regions o Fraunce
- ISO 3166-2:FR
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
- (Inglis) Regions of France at the Open Directory Project
- Guide tae the regions o Fraunce
- Local wabsteids bi region
- Uiseful information on Fraunce
- Will 2010 regional elections lead to political shake-up? Radio France Internationale in Inglis