Regions o Fraunce
Template:Administrative divisions of France Fraunce is dividit intae 27 admeenistrative regions (French: régions, pronounced: [ʁe.ʒjɔ̃]), 22 o which are in Metropolitan Fraunce, an five o which are owerseas. Corsica is a territorial collectivity (French collectivité territoriale), but is considered a region in mainstream uisage, an is even shown as such on the INSEE wabsteid. Each mainland region an Corsica are further subdividit intae depairtments, rangin in number frae 2 tae 8 per region for the metropolitan anes whereas the owerseas regions technically consist o anerlie ane depairtment. The term region wis offeecially creatit bi the Law o Decentralization (2 Mairch 1982), which an aw gave regions their legal status. The first direct elections for regional representatives teuk place on 16 Mairch 1986.
Table o contents
General characteristics[eedit | eedit soorce]
In mainland Fraunce (excludin Corsica), the median land aurie o a region is 25,809 km² (9,965 sq mi), which is slichtly lairger than the U.S. state o Vermont, an 4% the median land aurie o a Canadian province, but 15% lairger than the median land aurie o a German region ("Regierungsbezirk").
In 2004, the median population o a region in continental Fraunce wis 2,329,000 inhabitants, three quarters o the median population o a German Land (state), but mair than twice the median population o a Canadian province.
Role[eedit | eedit soorce]
Regions lack separate legislative authority an therefore canna write their awn statutory law. They levy their awn taxes an, in return, receive a decreasin pairt o their budget frae the central govrenment, which gives them a portion o the taxes it levies. They an aw hae considerable budgets managit bi a regional council (conseil régional) made up o representatives votit intae office in regional elections.
A region's primary responsibility is to build and furnish high schools. In March 2004, the French central government unveiled a controversial plan to transfer regulation of certain categories of non-teaching school staff to the regional authorities. Critics of this plan contended that tax revenue was insufficient to pay for the resulting costs, and that such measures would increase regional inequalities.
In addition, regions hae considerable discretionary pouer ower infrastructural spendin, e.g., education, public transit, universities an research, an assistance tae business awners. This haes meant that the heids o walthy regions such as Île-de-France or Rhône-Alpes can be heich-profile positions.
Proposals tae give regions limited legislative autonomy hae met wi considerable resistance; ithers propose transferrin certain pouers frae the depairtments tae their respective regions, leavin the umwhile wi limited authority.
Regional Control[eedit | eedit soorce]
Number o regions controlled bi each coalition syne 1986.
Representation o mainland France's regions and their respective historical and military flags[eedit | eedit soorce]
Regions an their caipitals[eedit | eedit soorce]
See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Budget o France
- Regional cooncils o Fraunce
- Admeenistrative diveesions o Fraunce
- Ranked leet o French regions
- French regional elections, 2004
- Flags o the regions o Fraunce
- ISO 3166-2:FR
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
- (Inglis) Regions of France at the Open Directory Project
- Guide tae the regions o Fraunce
- Local wabsteids bi region
- Uiseful information on Fraunce
- Will 2010 regional elections lead to political shake-up? Radio France Internationale in Inglis