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Poleetical diveesions o Bosnie an Herzegovinae

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The poleetical diveesions o Bosnie an Herzegovinae wur creatit bi the Dayton Greement, which recognizit a seicont tier o govrenment in Bosnie an Herzegovinae comprisin twa entities—a joint Federation o Bosnie an Herzegovinae (FBiH) (maistly Bosniak an Croat) an the Republika Srpska (RS) (maistly Bosnie Serb entity) -- each presidin ower roughly ane hauf o the state's territory. The day, aw three ethnic groups hae an equal constitutional status on the whole territory o Bosnie an Herzegovinae.


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Pre-War admeenistrative structur.
Map showin the current admeenistrative structur.

The Federation an the RS govrenments are chairgit wi owerseein internal functions. Each haes its awn govrenment, flag an coat o airms, preses, parliament, polis & customs depairtments, an postal seestem. The polis sectors are owerseen bi the state-level meenistry o internal affairs. The day, Bosnie an Herzegovinae haes ane Armed forces, but till 2005, baith entities haed their awn airmies.

Inter-entity borders are no determined on natural geographical featurs o the region. Its borders wur postulatit as pairt o the poleetical greement that wis based on ethnic diveesion an are uised tae determine the extents o poleetical jurisdictions athin entities. On the grund there is nae active border atween RS an FBiH an ane wad generally no ken the difference when crossin frae ane entity intae anither.

The ceety o Brčko in northeastren Bosnie is a seat o the Brčko destrict, a sel-govrenin admeenistrative unit unner the sovereignty o Bosnie an Herzegovinae; it is pairt o baith the Federation an Republika Srpska. The destrict remains unner internaitional superveesion.

The Federation is further dividit intae cantons, which are then subdividit intae municipalities. Republika Srpska is dividit directly intae municipalities.

Amendments tae the diveesions

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On the grunds that the Dayton Greement's framewirk is ootdatit, mony groups hae come fort with weys tae redevelop the diveesions o Bosnie an Herzegovinae. The greement wis initially designed tae effectively end the war in the naition, but the diveesions hae made the bureaucracy o the kintra unwieldy.

Generally speakin, the naition's Bosniak population wishes for the state tae be centralizit, eliminatin the Federation, as well as the Republika Srpska. Offeecials in the Republika Srpska vehemently resist this idea. Mony Serbs assume that if Kosovo achieves unthirldom, Republika Srpska will separate frae Bosnie an Herzegovinae, eventually joinin Serbie. Housomeivver, the Office o the Heich Representative haes come oot an specifically denied the prospect o ony such exchynge. The Bosnie Croats view the current situation as discriminatory, an seek either the abolition o entities an foondation o a decentralizit govrenmental structur or a third entity.

Freemit airtins

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