Federal subjects o Roushie

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Roushie is a federation which, syne 1 Mairch 2008, consists o 83 federal subjects (Roushie: субъект федерации, subyekt federatsii).[1] They are kent as the constituent entities o the Roushie Federation. In 1993, when the Constitution o Roushie wis adoptit, there wur 89 federal subjects leetit. Bi 2008, the number o federal subjects haed been decreased tae 83 acause o several mergers.

The federal subjects are o equal federal richts in the sense that they hae equal representation—twa delegates each—in the Federation Cooncil (upper hoose o the Federal Assembly). They do, housomeivver, differ in the degree o autonomy they enjoy.

Types[eedit | eedit soorce]

Federal subjects o Roushie

Each federal subject belangs tae ane o the follaein types:

21 republics (Roushie: республика, respublika) — nominally autonomous, each haes its awn constitution an legislatur; is representit bi the federal govrenment in internaitional affairs; is meant tae be hame tae a specific ethnic minority.
46 oblasts (provinces; Roushie: область, oblast') — maist common type o federal subjects wi federally appointit govrenor an locally electit legislatur. Commonly namit efter their admeenistrative centers.
krais (territories; Roushie: край, kray)—essentially the same as oblasts. The title "territory" is historic, oreeginally given acause they wur ance considered frontier regions.
autonomous oblast (autonomous province; Roushie: автономная область, avtonomnaya oblast')—the anerlie autonomous oblast is the Jewish Autonomous Oblast
autonomous okrugs (autonomous destricts; Roushie: автономный округ, avtonomny okrug) — wi substantial or predominant ethnic minority.
federal ceeties (Roushie: город федерального значения, gorod federal'nogo znacheniya) — major ceeties that function as separate regions.

Leet o federal subjects[eedit | eedit soorce]

Oblasts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Oblasts o Roushie

Krais[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Krais o Roushie

Federal ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Autonomous oblasts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Autonomous okrugs[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Constitution, Article 65

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • 12 декабря 1993 г. «Конституция Российской Федерации», в ред. Федерального конституционного закона №7-ФКЗ от 30 декабря 2008 г. Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская газета", №237, 25 декабря 1993 г. (December 12, 1993 Constitution of the Russian Federation, as amended by the Federal Constitutional Law #7-FKZ of December 30, 2008. Effective as of the official publication date.).