Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug

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Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Ямало-Ненецкий автономный округ
Banner o Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Banner
Coat of airms o Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Coat airms
Yamalo-Nenets in Russia.svg
Coordinates: 67°15′N 74°40′E / 67.250°N 74.667°E / 67.250; 74.667Coordinates: 67°15′N 74°40′E / 67.250°N 74.667°E / 67.250; 74.667
KintraRoushie
Federal destrictUrals[1]
Economic regionWast Siberie[2]
EstablishedDecember 10, 1930
Admeenistrative centerSalekhard
Govrenment
 • BodiLegislative Assembly
 • GovrenorDmitry Kobylkin[3]
Area
 • Total750300 km2 (289,700 sq mi)
Area rank6t
Population
 (2010 Census)[5]
 • Total522,904
 • Estimate 
(2018)[6]
538,547 (+3%)
 • Rank71st
 • Density0.70/km2 (1.8/sq mi)
 • Urban
84.7%
 • Rural
15.3%
Time zoneUTC+5 ([7])
ISO 3166 codeRU-YAN
License plates89
OKTMO ID71900000
Offeecial leidsRoushie[8]
Websitehttp://adm.yanao.ru/

Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (Roushie: Яма́ло-Нене́цкий автоно́мный о́круг, Yamalo-Nenetsky Avtonomny Okrug; Nenets: Ямалы-Ненёцие’’ автономной ӈокрук), is a federal subject o Roushie (an autonomous okrug o Tyumen Oblast). Its admeenistrative center is the toun o Salekhard. Population: 522,904 (2010 Census).[5]

Geography an natural history[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Nenets fowk are an indigenous tribe that hae lang survivit in this region. Thair prehistoric life involvit subsistence huntin an gatherin, includin the takkin o polar bears; the practice o huntin polar bears (Ursus maritimus) continues up tae the present time.[9]

Yamalo-Nenetsky Avtonomny Okrug is traversed bi the northeasterly line o equal latitude an langitude.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

On December 10, 1930, Yamal (Nenets) Naitional Okrug (Ямальский (Ненецкий) национальный округ) wis formit based on Ural Oblast.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population: 522,904 (2010 Census);[5] 507,006 (2002 Census);[10] 486,164 (1989 Census).[11]

Vital statistics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Source: Russian Federal State Statistics Service
Average population (x 1000) Live births Daiths Natural chunge Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude daith rate (per 1000) Natural chynge (per 1000)
1970 84 1 683 879 804 20.0 10.5 9.6
1975 127 2 307 819 1 488 18.2 6.4 11.7
1980 194 3 347 1 178 2 169 17.3 6.1 11.2
1985 374 7 838 1 555 6 283 21.0 4.2 16.8
1990 489 8 032 1 631 6 401 16.4 3.3 13.1
1991 483 7 121 1 623 5 498 14.7 3.4 11.4
1992 470 6 123 2 108 4 015 13.0 4.5 8.5
1993 466 5 697 2 764 2 933 12.2 5.9 6.3
1994 473 6 274 2 998 3 276 13.3 6.3 6.9
1995 483 6 337 3 107 3 230 13.1 6.4 6.7
1996 489 6 241 3 004 3 237 12.8 6.1 6.6
1997 495 6 208 2 715 3 493 12.5 5.5 7.1
1998 498 6 395 2 544 3 851 12.8 5.1 7.7
1999 498 6 071 2 608 3 463 12.2 5.2 7.0
2000 497 5 839 2 763 3 076 11.7 5.6 6.2
2001 501 6 388 3 057 3 331 12.8 6.1 6.7
2002 506 6 635 2 934 3 701 13.1 5.8 7.3
2003 510 7 163 3 093 4 070 14.1 6.1 8.0
2004 511 7 264 2 975 4 289 14.2 5.8 8.4
2005 512 7 148 3 099 4 049 14.0 6.0 7.9
2006 513 7 036 3 000 4 036 13.7 5.8 7.9
2007 515 7 700 2 937 4 763 14.9 5.7 9.2
2008 517 7 892 2 959 4 933 15.3 5.7 9.5
2009 519 8 216 2 924 5 292 15.8 5.6 10.2
2010 522 8 263 2 873 5 390 15.8 5.5 10.3

Regional demographics for 2008 (Jan-Oct)[1][eedit | eedit soorce]

Raion Pp (2007) Births Daiths Growthe BR DR NGR
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug 538,600 5,814 2,202 3,612 14.39 5.45 0.89%
Salekhard 40,500 499 256 243 16.43 8.43 0.80%
Gubkinsky 22,300 263 71 192 15.72 4.25 1.15%
Labytnangi 27,700 333 212 121 16.03 10.20 0.58%
Muravlenko 37,000 361 104 257 13.01 3.75 0.93%
Nadym 48,500 443 197 246 12.18 5.42 0.68%
Novy Urengoy 117,000 1122 334 788 12.79 3.81 0.90%
Noyabrsk 109,900 1029 384 645 12.48 4.66 0.78%
Krasnoselkupsky 6,200 99 41 58 21.29 8.82 1.25%
Nadymsky 21,300 221 67 154 13.83 4.19 0.96%
Priuralsky 15,300 179 72 107 15.60 6.27 0.93%
Purovsky 49,900 548 195 353 14.64 5.21 0.94%
Tazovsky 17,200 268 92 176 20.78 7.13 1.36%
Shuryshkarsky 9,900 144 69 75 19.39 9.29 1.01%
Yamalsky 15,900 305 108 197 25.58 9.06 1.65%

Ethnic groups[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Nenets mak up 5.9% o the population, preceded bi ethnic Roushies (61.7%), Ukrainians (9.7%), an Tatars (5.6%). Ither prominent ethnic groups include Belaroushies (1.3%), Khants (1.9%), Azerbaijanis (1.8%), Bashkirs (1.7%), Komi (1%), an Moldovans (0.9%) (aw figurs are frae the 2010 Census).[5]

Ethnic
group
1939 Census 1959 Census 1970 Census 1979 Census 1989 Census 2002 Census 2010 Census1
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Nenets 13,454 29.3% 13,977 22.4% 17,538 21.9% 17,404 11.0% 20,917 4.2% 26,435 5.2% 29,772 5.9%
Khants 5,367 11.7% 5,519 8.9% 6,513 8.1% 6,466 4.1% 7,247 1.5% 8,760 1.7% 9,489 1.9%
Komi 4,722 10.3% 4,866 7.8% 5,445 6.8% 5,642 3.6% 6,000 1.2% 6,177 1.2% 5,141 1.0%
Selkups 87 0.2% 1,245 2.0% 1,710 2.1% 1,611 1.0% 1,530 0.3% 1,797 0.4% 1,988 0.4%
Roushies 19,308 42.1% 27,789 44.6% 37,518 46.9% 93,750 59.0% 292,808 59.2% 298,359 58.8% 312,019 61.7%
Ukrainians 395 0.9% 1,921 3.1% 3,026 3.8% 15,721 9.9% 85,022 17.2% 66,080 13.0% 48,985 9.7%
Tatars 1,636 3.6% 3,952 6.3% 4,653 5.8% 8,556 5.4% 26,431 5.3% 27,734 5.5% 28,509 5.6%
Ithers 871 1.9% 3,065 4.9% 3,574 4.5% 9,694 6.1% 54,889 11.1% 71,664 14.1% 74,625 14.3%
1 17,517 fowk wur registered frae admeenistrative databases, an coud no declare an ethnicity. It is estimatit that the proportion o ethnicities in this group is the same as that o the declared group.[12]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Yamalo-Nenetsky Avtonomny Okrug is Roushie's maist important soorce o natural gas, wi mair nor 90% o Roushie's natural gas bein producit thare. The region an aw accoonts for 12% o Roushie's ile production.[13] The region is o utmaist importance tae Roushie's lairgest company Gazprom, whose main production fields are locatit thare. Novatek – the kintra's seicont lairgest gas producer – is an aw active in the region, wi its heidquarteres locatit in Tarko-Sale.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Offeecial wabsteid o Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Dmitry Nikolayevich Kobylkin, Govrenor o Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (in Roushie)
  4. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (21 Mey 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 1 November 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census] (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  6. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved 23 Januar 2019.
  7. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 Juin 2011. Retrieved 19 Januar 2019.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  8. Offeecial ootthrou the Roushie Federation accordin tae Airticle 68.1 o the Constitution o Roushie.
  9. C. Michael Hogan (2008) Polar Bear: Ursus maritimus, Globaltwitcher.com, ed. Nicklas Stromberg
  10. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (21 Mey 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  11. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  12. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  13. "Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area". Kommersant. 5 Mairch 2004. Retrieved 26 August 2009.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]