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Republic o Dagestan
Республика Дагестан (Russian)
—  Republic  —

Flag o Dagestan

Coat o airms o Dagestan
Anthem: Naitional Anthem o the Republic o Dagestan
Coordinates: 43°06′N 46°53′E / 43.100°N 46.883°E / 43.100; 46.883Coordinates: 43°06′N 46°53′E / 43.100°N 46.883°E / 43.100; 46.883
Poleetical status
Country  Roushie
Federal destrict North Caucasian[1]
Economic region North Caucasus[2]
Established 10 Januar 1921[3]
Caipital Makhachkala
Govrenment (as of August 2010)
 - Preses[5] Magomedsalam Magomedov[4]
 - Legislatur Fowkassembly[5]
Aurie (as o the 2002 Census)[6]
 - Tot 50,300 km2 (19,400 sq mi)
Aurie rank 52nt
Population (2010 Census)[7]
 - Tot 2,910,249
 - Rank 12t
 - Density[8] 57.86/km2 (149.9/sq mi)
 - Urban 45.2%
 - Rural 54.8%
Time zone(s) [9]
ISO 3166-2 RU-DA
License plates 05
Offeecial leids Roushie;[10] Aghul, Avar, Azeri, Chechen, Dargwa, Kumyk, Lak, Lezgian, Nogai, Rutul, Tabasaran, Tat, Tsakhur[11][12]
Offeecial wabsteid

The Republic o Dagestan (/[unsupported input]dɑːɡˈstɑːn/ or /dæɡˈstæn/; Roushie: Респу́блика Дагеста́н, Respublika Dagestan; an aw spelt Daghestan) is a federal subject (a republic) o Roushie, locatit in the North Caucasus region. Its caipital an the lairgest ceety is Makhachkala, locatit at the center o Dagestan on the Caspian Sea. Population: 2,910,249 (2010 Census).[7]

Dagestan is ethnically vera diverse, wi several dozen ethnic groups an subgroups inhabitin the republic, maist o which speak either Caucasian, Turkic, or Iranian leids. Lairgest among these ethnic groups are the Avar, Dargin, Kumyk, Lezgin, an Laks.[13] While Roushies form anerlie a sma proportion (4.7%) o the population, Roushie remains the primary offeecial leid.

Dagestan haes been a scene o law-level Islamic insurgency, occasional ootbreaks o separatism, ethnic tensions an terrorism syne the 1990s. Accordin tae International Crisis Group, the militant Islamist organization Shariat Jamaat is responsible for hintle o the violence.[14] Hintle o the tension is ruitit in an internal Islamic conflict atween traditional Sufi groups advocatin secular govrenment an mair recently introducit Salafist teachers preachin the implementation o Sharia law in Dagestan.

Toponymy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The wird Dagestan is o Turkic oreegin. Dag means 'muntain' an -stan is a Persie suffix meanin 'land'. The wird Dagestan therefore means "the land o muntains". Some auries o Dagestan wur kent as Albanie, Avaria, an Tarkov at various times.[15]

Names for Dagestan[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Avar - Дагъистаналъул Республика (Dağistanal‘ul Respublika)
  • Dargin - Дагъистанес Республика (Dağistanes Respublika)
  • Kumyk - Дагъыстан Республикасы (Dağıstan Respublikası)
  • Lezgian - Дагъустандин Республика (Dağustandin Respublika)
  • Lak - Дагъустаннал Республика (Dağustannal Respublika)
  • Tabasaran - Дагъустан Республика (Dağustan Respublika)
  • Turkis - Dağıstan Cumhuriyeti
  • Azerbaijani - Dağıstan Respublikası
  • Chechen - Dexasta-çö.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The republic is situatit in the North Caucasus muntains. It is the soothmaist pairt o Roushie, an is bordered on its eastren side bi the Caspian Sea.

Rivers[eedit | eedit soorce]

Map o Dagestan

There are ower 1,800 rivers in the republic. Major rivers include:

Lakes[eedit | eedit soorce]

Dagestan haes aboot 400 kilometers (250 mi) o coast line on the Caspian Sea.

Muntains[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist o the Republic is muntainous, wi the Greater Caucasus Muntains coverin the sooth. The heichest point is the Bazardyuzi peak at 4,466 m.

Natural resources[eedit | eedit soorce]

Dagestan is rich in Ile, natural gas, coal, an mony ither minerals.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The climate is hot an dry in the simmer but the winters are hard in the muntain auries.

  • Average Januar temperatur: +2 °C (36 °F)
  • Average Julie temperatur: +26 °C (79 °F)
  • Average annual precipitation: 250 (northren plains) tae 800 mm (in the muntains).

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Всероссийский Центральный Исполнительный Комитет. Декрет от 20 января 1921 г. «Об Автономной Дагестанской Социалистической Советской Республике». (All-Russian Central Executive Committee. Decree of January 20, 1921 On Autonomous Dagestan Socialist Soviet Republic. ).
  4. Lenta.ru. Новый президент Дагестана вступил в должность (Roushie)
  5. 5.0 5.1 Constitution, Article 8
  6. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved Juin 29, 2012. 
  8. The density value wis calculatit bi dividin the population reported bi the 2010 Census bi the aurie shawn in the "Aurie" field. Please note that this value mey nae be accurate as the aurie specified in the infobox is nae necessarily reportit for the same year as the population.
  9. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 05 апреля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of April 05, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  10. Offeecial on the whole territory o Roushie accordin tae Article 68.1 o the Constitution o Roushie.
  11. According to Article 11 of the Constitution of Dagestan, the official languages of the republic include "Russian and the languages of the peoples of Dagestan"
  12. Solntsev, pp. XXXIX–XL
  13. Dagestan. Encyclopædia Britannica (Online edition)
  14. Russia’s Dagestan: Conflict Causes. International Crisis Group Europe Report N°192. 3 June 2008
  15. Zonn, Igor S. et al. The Caspian Sea Encyclopedia. Berlin: Springer, p. 280.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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