Dagestan

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Republic o Dagestan
Республика Дагестан (Russian)
—  Republic  —

Flag o Dagestan

Coat o airms o Dagestan
Anthem: Naitional Anthem o the Republic o Dagestan
Poleetical status
Country  Roushie
Federal destrict North Caucasian[1]
Economic region North Caucasus[2]
Established 10 Januar 1921[3]
Caipital Makhachkala
Govrenment (as of August 2010)
 - Preses[5] Magomedsalam Magomedov[4]
 - Legislatur Fowkassembly[5]
Statistics
Aurie (as o the 2002 Census)[6]
 - Tot 50,300 km2 (19,400 sq mi)
Aurie rank 52nt
Population (2010 Census)[7]
 - Tot 2,910,249
 - Rank 12t
 - Density[8] 57.86/km2 (149.9/sq mi)
 - Urban 45.2%
 - Rural 54.8%
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+03:00)[9]
ISO 3166-2 RU-DA
License plates 05
Offeecial leids Roushie;[10] Aghul, Avar, Azeri, Chechen, Dargwa, Kumyk, Lak, Lezgian, Nogai, Rutul, Tabasaran, Tat, Tsakhur[11][12]
Offeecial wabsteid

The Republic o Dagestan (/[unsupported input]dɑːɡˈstɑːn/ or /dæɡˈstæn/; Roushie: Респу́блика Дагеста́н, Respublika Dagestan; an aw spelt Daghestan) is a federal subject (a republic) o Roushie, locatit in the North Caucasus region. Its caipital an the lairgest ceety is Makhachkala, locatit at the centre o Dagestan on the Caspian Sea. Population: 2,910,249 (2010 Census).[7]

Dagestan is ethnically vera diverse, wi several dozen ethnic groups an subgroups inhabitin the republic, maist o which speak aither Caucasian, Turkic, or Iranian leids. Lairgest amang thir ethnic groups are the Avar, Dargin, Kumyk, Lezgin, an Laks.[13] While Roushies form anerlie a sma proportion (4.7%) o the population, Roushie remains the primary offeecial leid.

Dagestan haes been a scene o law-level Islamic insurgency, occasional ootbreaks o separatism, ethnic tensions an terrorism syne the 1990s. Accordin tae International Crisis Group, the militant Islamist organisation Shariat Jamaat is responsible for hintle o the violence.[14] Hintle o the tension is ruitit in an internal Islamic conflict atween traditional Sufi groups advocatin secular govrenment an mair recently introducit Salafist teachers preachin the implementation o Sharia law in Dagestan.

Toponymy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The wird Dagestan is o Turkic oreegin. Dag means 'muntain' an -stan is a Persie suffix meanin 'land'. The wird Dagestan therefore means "the land o muntains". Some auries o Dagestan wur kent as Albanie, Avaria, an Tarkov at various times.[15]

Names for Dagestan[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Avar - Дагъистаналъул Республика (Dağistanal‘ul Respublika)
  • Dargin - Дагъистанес Республика (Dağistanes Respublika)
  • Kumyk - Дагъыстан Республикасы (Dağıstan Respublikası)
  • Lezgian - Дагъустандин Республика (Dağustandin Respublika)
  • Lak - Дагъустаннал Республика (Dağustannal Respublika)
  • Tabasaran - Дагъустан Республика (Dağustan Respublika)
  • Turkis - Dağıstan Cumhuriyeti
  • Azerbaijani - Dağıstan Respublikası
  • Chechen - Dexasta-çö.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The republic is situatit in the North Caucasus muntains. It is the soothmaist pairt o Roushie, an is bordered on its eastren side bi the Caspian Sea.

Rivers[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cairt o Dagestan

Thare are ower 1,800 rivers in the republic. Major rivers include:

Lakes[eedit | eedit soorce]

Dagestan haes aboot 400 kilometers (250 mi) o coast line on the Caspian Sea.

Muntains[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist o the Republic is muntainous, wi the Greater Caucasus Muntains coverin the sooth. The heichest pynt is the Bazardyuzi peak at 4,466 m.

Natural resources[eedit | eedit soorce]

Dagestan is rich in Ile, natural gas, coal, an mony ither minerals.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The climate is het an dry in the simmer but the winters are haurd in the muntain auries.

  • Average Januar temperatur: +2 °C (36 °F)
  • Average Julie temperatur: +26 °C (79 °F)
  • Average annual precipitation: 250 (northren plains) tae 800 mm (in the muntains).

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (Preses o the Roushie Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative o the Preses o the Roushie Federation in a Federal Destrict. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Всероссийский Центральный Исполнительный Комитет. Декрет от 20 января 1921 г. «Об Автономной Дагестанской Социалистической Советской Республике». (All-Russian Central Executive Committee. Decree of January 20, 1921 On Autonomous Dagestan Socialist Soviet Republic. ).
  4. Lenta.ru. Новый президент Дагестана вступил в должность (in Roushie)
  5. 5.0 5.1 Constitution, Article 8
  6. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved Juin 29, 2012. 
  8. The density value wis calculatit bi dividin the population reported bi the 2010 Census bi the aurie shawn in the "Aurie" field. Please note that this value mey nae be accurate as the aurie specified in the infobox is nae necessarily reportit for the same year as the population.
  9. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Govrenment o the Roushie Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of Juin 31, 2011 On Calculatin Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of Julie 03, 2016 On Amendin Federal Law "On Calculatin Time". Effective as of efter saxty days follaein the day o the offeecial publication.).
  10. Offeecial on the whole territory o Roushie accordin tae Article 68.1 o the Constitution o Roushie.
  11. According to Article 11 of the Constitution of Dagestan, the official languages of the republic include "Russian and the languages of the peoples of Dagestan"
  12. Solntsev, pp. XXXIX–XL
  13. Dagestan. Encyclopædia Britannica (Online edition)
  14. Russia’s Dagestan: Conflict Causes. International Crisis Group Europe Report N°192. 3 June 2008
  15. Zonn, Igor S. et al. The Caspian Sea Encyclopedia. Berlin: Springer, p. 280.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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