Oryol Oblast

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Oryol Oblast
Орловская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag o Oryol Oblast

Coat o airms o Oryol Oblast
Poleetical status
Country  Roushie
Federal destrict Central[1]
Economic region Central[2]
Established September 27, 1937
Admeenistrative center Oryol
Govrenment (as of March 2011)
 - Govrenor Alexander Kozlov[3]
 - Legislatur Oblast Council of People's Deputies
Statistics
Aurie (as o the 2002 Census)[4]
 - Tot 24,700 km2 (9,500 sq mi)
Aurie rank 70t
Population (2010 Census)[5]
 - Tot 786,935
 - Rank 63rd
 - Density[6] 31.86/km2 (82.5/sq mi)
 - Urban 65.5%
 - Rural 34.5%
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
ISO 3166-2 RU-ORL
License plates 57
Offeecial leids Roushie[8]
Offeecial wabsteid

Oryol Oblast (Roushie: Орло́вская о́бласть, Orlovskaya oblast) is a federal subject o Roushie (an oblast). Its admeenistrative center is the ceety o Oryol. Population: 786,935 (2010 Census).[5]

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

It is locatit in the soothwastren pairt o the Central Federal Destrict, in the Mid-Roushie Hielands. Kaluga an Tula Oblasts border it in the north, Bryansk Oblast is locatit tae the wast, Kursk Oblast—tae the sooth, an Lipetsk Oblast is tae the east. Frae north tae sooth, it extends for mair nor 150 kilometers (93 mi), an frae wast tae east—for ower 200 kilometers (120 mi). In terms of aurie, at 24,700 square kilometers (9,500 sq mi) it is ane o the smawest federal subjects.[9]

The climate is temperate. The average Januar temperature is −8 °C (18 °F) an the average Julie temperatur is +18 °C (64 °F). Rainfaw averages 490 tae 590 mm, an snaw civer averages 126 days.

Thare are 4,800 square kilometers (1,900 sq mi) o black earth soils (chernozems) in the oblast, which amounts tae three-quarters o the warld chernozem reserves.[9]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

It wis creatit in 1937 oot o three ither oblasts: Kursk Oblast, Wastren Oblast, an Voronezh Oblast. It includit present Bryansk Oblast atween 1937-1944 an aw.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The main industries in Oryol Oblast are the fuid an licht industries, ingineerin an metalwirkin, an ferrous an nonferrous metallurgy. The ingineerin an metalwirkin industries manufacture production equipment for various industries, forklift trucks, construction an agricultural equipment, an machinery for municipal services. Numerous companies in the instrument-makkin an electronics sectors maintain heich scienteefic an technical potential wi the latest heich-end technologies an experienced specialists.[10]

Agricultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist o the oblast's agricultural land is uised for plant cultivation. Grain growin is vera important, wi winter wheat an rye bein the main crops. Buckwheat, aits, baurley, an potatoes are an aw grown, an succar beets are in great demand. The aurie plantit in feed grains is increasin due tae the expansion o fermstockin fermin, which includes beef an dairy cattle fermin, pig fermin, sheep fermin for meat an oo, poultry fermin, an horse breedin.[11]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population: 786,935 (2010 Census);[5] 860,262 (2002 Census);[12] 890,636 (1989 Census).[13]

2008
  • Births: 8,345 (10.2 per 1000)
  • Daiths: 14,116 (17.3 per 1000)[14]

Ethnic composition (2010):[5]

  • Roushies - 96.1%
  • Ukrainians - 1%
  • Ithers - 2.9%
  • 17,468 fowk wur registered frae admeenistrative databases, an coud nae declare an ethnicity. It is estimatit that the proportion o ethnicities in this group is the same as that o the declared group.[15]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (Preses o the Roushie Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative o the Preses o the Roushie Federation in a Federal Destrict. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Official website of Oryol Oblast. Alexander Kozlov, Governor of Oryol Oblast (in Roushie)
  4. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved Juin 29, 2012. 
  6. The density value wis calculatit bi dividin the population reported bi the 2010 Census bi the aurie shawn in the "Aurie" field. Please note that this value mey nae be accurate as the aurie specified in the infobox is nae necessarily reportit for the same year as the population.
  7. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Govrenment o the Roushie Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of Juin 31, 2011 On Calculatin Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of Julie 03, 2016 On Amendin Federal Law "On Calculatin Time". Effective as of efter saxty days follaein the day o the offeecial publication.).
  8. Offeecial on the whole territory o Roushie accordin tae Article 68.1 o the Constitution o Roushie.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Orel Region". Retrieved 2006-11-29. 
  10. Oryol Oblast
  11. Oryol Region
  12. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (Mey 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  13. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  14. GKS.ru (in Roushie)
  15. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]