Republic o Karelie

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Republic o Karelie
Республика Карелия
Banner o Republic o Karelie
Banner
Coat of airms o Republic o Karelie
Coat airms
Anthem: Anthem o the Republic o Karelie
Karelia in Russia.svg
Coordinates: 63°49′N 33°00′E / 63.817°N 33.000°E / 63.817; 33.000Coordinates: 63°49′N 33°00′E / 63.817°N 33.000°E / 63.817; 33.000
KintraRoushie
Federal destrictNorthwastren[1]
Economic regionNorthren[2]
Established16 Julie 1956[3]
CaipitalPetrozavodsk
Govrenment
 • BodiLegislative Assembly[4]
 • Heid[5]Alexander Khudilaynen
Area
 • Total172400 km2 (66,600 sq mi)
Area rank20t
Population
 (2010 Census)[7]
 • Total643,548
 • Estimate 
(2018)[8]
622,484 (-3.3%)
 • Rank68t
 • Density3.7/km2 (9.7/sq mi)
 • Urban
78.0%
 • Rural
22.0%
Time zoneUTC+3 (Moscow Time Edit this on Wikidata[9])
ISO 3166 codeRU-KR
License plates10
OKTMO ID86000000
Offeecial leidsRoushie[10]
Websitehttp://www.gov.karelia.ru/

The Republic o Karelie (Roushie: Респу́блика Каре́лия, Respublika Kareliya; Karelie: Karjalan tazavalda; Finnish: Karjalan tasavalta; Veps: Karjalan Tazovaldkund) is a federal subject o Roushie.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Historically, Karelie wis a region tae the northwast o Roushie, east o present-day Finland, controlt bi the Novgorod Republic. Frae the 13t century an onwart, various pairts wis conquered bi Swaden, an incorporate intae Swadish Karelie till thay wis lost tae Roushie bi the Treaty o Nystad in 1721.

In 1920, the province became the Karelian Labour Commune. In 1923, the province became the Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Karelian ASSR). Frae 1940 it wis made intae the Karelo-Finnish SSR, incorporatin the Finnish Democratic Republic whilk nominally operatit in thae pairts o Finnish Karelie that wis occupeed bi the Soviet Union in the Winter War. Annexed territories wur incorporatit intae Karelo-Finnish SSR, but efter the Continuation War the Karelian Isthmus wis incorporatit intae the Leningrad Oblast. Its status wis chynged back tae an ASSR in 1956. In the Continuation War in 1941 Finland occupied lairge pairts o the aurie but wis forced tae athdraw in 1944. Tho Finland isna currently pursuin ony measures tae reclaim Karelian lands cedit tae Roushie, the "Karelian Question" is still a topic present in Finnish politics.

The autonomous Republic o Karelie in its present form wis formed on 13 November 1991.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. "Карельский государственный архив новейшей истории. Путеводитель". Приложение "Административно-территориальное устройство Республики Карелия". 2003.
  4. Constitution, Article 32
  5. Constitution, Article 46.
  6. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (21 Mey 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 1 November 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named 2010Census
  8. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved 23 Januar 2019.
  9. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 Juin 2011. Retrieved 19 Januar 2019.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  10. Offeecial ootthrou the Roushie Federation accordin tae Airticle 68.1 o the Constitution o Roushie.