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Kostroma Oblast

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Kostroma Oblast
Костромская область
Banner o Kostroma Oblast
Coat of airms o Kostroma Oblast
Coat airms
Coordinates: 58°33′N 43°41′E / 58.550°N 43.683°E / 58.550; 43.683Coordinates: 58°33′N 43°41′E / 58.550°N 43.683°E / 58.550; 43.683
Federal destrictCentral[1]
Economic regionCentral[2]
EstablishedAugust 13, 1944[3]
Admeenistrative centerKostroma
 • BodiOblast Duma[4]
 • Govrenor[6]Igor Slyunyayev[5]
 • Total60100 km2 (23,200 sq mi)
Area rank47t
 (2010 Census)[8]
 • Total667,562
 • Estimate 
643,324 (−3.6%)
 • Rank67t
 • Density11/km2 (29/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Rural
Time zoneUTC+3 (Moscow Time Edit this on Wikidata[10])
ISO 3166 codeRU-KOS
License plates44
OKTMO ID34000000
Offeecial leidsRoushie[11]

Kostroma Oblast (Roushie: Костромска́я о́бласть, Kostromskaya oblast) is a federal subject o Roushie (an oblast). Its admeenistrative center is the ceety o Kostroma. Population: 667,562 (2010 Census).[8]

Major historic touns include Kostroma, Sharya, Nerekhta, Galich, Soligalich, an Makaryev. Textile industries hae been developit thare syne the early 18t century. The oblast wis detached frae Yaroslavl Oblast in 1944.

The govrenor o the oblast wis Viktor Shershunov frae 1997 till his daith in a caur crash on September 20, 2007. As o 2011, Igor Slyunyayev is the govrenor.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Frae c. 300 CE the whole current aurie o Kostroma wi exception the aurie east o River Unzha wis pairt o historical Finno-Ugric fowk' lands, lik the Merya fowk an thair loose tribal confederation. Thare wur at least 109 Merya settlements locatit in the aurie o which the maist important belaw mentioned tradin centers an important hill fortresses wur later recordit bi the Roushies as thay foondit touns in the late 9t tae 12t centuries.

The oblast wis formit on August 13, 1944.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kostroma Oblast borders Vologda Oblast (N), Kirov Oblast (E), Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (S), Ivanovo Oblast (W), an Yaroslavl Oblast (NW). The main rivers are the Volga an the Kostroma. Hintle o the aurie is covered bi firths, makkin it ane o the principal timmer producin regions in Europe.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The main industrial sectors include the fuel, chemical an petrochemical, forest, woodwirkin (lummer, plywood, chipbuird, feebrebuird, an furnitur), pulp an paper, fuid (alcoholic beverages an starch), licht (linen, hemp, an jute faibrics; cleidin, shuin, an knittit guids), biggin material, pouer an ingineerin excavators, machine tuils, an equipment for the textile, chemical, fuid, an widwirkin industries.[12]

The jewelry tred began developin in Kostroma in the 19t century. Engravin, siller niello (siller wi black engravin), an ornaments wi coloured gless an enamel insets are some ensaumples o the airt. The lairgest centre o the jewelry industry is the veelage o Krasnoe-on-Volga.

Agricultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Agriculture is ane o Kostroma Oblast's maist important sectors. Rye, wheat, baurley, an aits are grown here, an beekeepin an plant cultivation are expandin. Traditional flax cultivation an processin is revivin. Housomeivver, agricultur in the region is mainly orientit towards livestock fermin, e.g., beef an dairy cattle, pigs, sheep, an poutrie. Agricultural land occupees 940,000 hectares in the Oblast, includin 26,400 hectares allottit tae individual ferms an 551,000 hectares o cropland.[12]

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Oblast is bund tae ither Roushie regions bi roads, railroads (6-7 oors frae Moscow) an air routes. Kostroma Airport serves tae let fowk flee regularly inside Oblast an unregularly tae Moscow.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population: 667,562 (2010 Census);[8] 736,641 (2002 Census);[13] 809,882 (1989 Census).[14]

  • Births: 7,867 (11.3 per 1000)
  • Daiths: 12,576 (18.1 per 1000) [15]

Ethnic composition (2010):[8]

  • Roushies - 96.6%
  • Ukrainians - 0.9%
  • Others - 2.5%
  • 23,194 fowk wur registered frae admeenistrative databases, an coud no declare an ethnicity. It is estimatit that the proportion o ethnicities in this group is the same as that o the declared group.[16]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Charter, Article 6.1
  4. Charter, Article 8.1.1
  5. Official website of the Administration of Kostroma Oblast. Govrenor Archived 2017-07-18 at the Wayback Machine (in Roushie)
  6. Charter, Article 8.2
  7. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (21 Mey 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 1 November 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  8. a b c d Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census] (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  9. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved 23 Januar 2019.
  10. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 Juin 2011. Retrieved 19 Januar 2019.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  11. Offeecial ootthrou the Roushie Federation accordin tae Airticle 68.1 o the Constitution o Roushie.
  12. a b "Kostroma Region". Archived frae the original on 13 Mairch 2011. Retrieved 24 Januar 2012.
  13. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (21 Mey 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  14. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  15. http://stat.kostroma.ru/digital/nasel/default.aspx[deid airtin]
  16. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 24 Januar 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Костромская областная Дума. Закон №300-4-ЗКО от 24 апреля 2008 г. «Устав Костромской области», в ред. Закона №464-4-ЗКО от 13 апреля 2009 г. «О внесении поправок в Устав Костромской области». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней после дня официального публикования. Опубликован: "СП — нормативные документы", №66 (1314), 30 апреля 2008 г. (Kostroma Oblast Duma. Law #300-4-ZKO of April 24, 2008 Charter of Kostroma Oblast, as amended by the Law #464-4-ZKO of April 13, 2009 On Amending the Charter of Kostroma Oblast. Effective as of the date ten days after the official publication date.).

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]