Kurgan Oblast

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For ither uises, see Kurgan (disambiguation).
Kurgan Oblast
Курганская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag o Kurgan Oblast

Coat o airms o Kurgan Oblast
Coordinates: 55°34′N 64°45′E / 55.567°N 64.750°E / 55.567; 64.750Coordinates: 55°34′N 64°45′E / 55.567°N 64.750°E / 55.567; 64.750
Poleetical status
Country  Roushie
Federal destrict Urals[1]
Economic region Urals[2]
Established 6 Februar 1943[3]
Admeenistrative center Kurgan
Govrenment (as of 15 Februar 2014)
 - Govrenor[5] Alexej Gennadievich Kokorin[4]
 - Legislatur Oblast Duma[6]
Aurie (as o the 2002 Census)[7]
 - Tot 71,488 km2 (27,602 sq mi)
Aurie rank 43rd
Population (2010 Census)[8]
 - Tot 910,807
 - Rank 57t
 - Density[9] 12.74/km2 (33.0/sq mi)
 - Urban 60.3%
 - Rural 39.7%
Time zone(s) YEKT (UTC+05:00)[10]
ISO 3166-2 RU-KGN
License plates 45
Offeecial leids Roushie[11]
Offeecial wabsteid

Kurgan Oblast (Roushie: Курга́нская о́бласть, Kurganskaya oblast) is a federal subject o Roushie (an oblast). Its admeenistrative center is the ceety o Kurgan. Population: 910,807 (2010 Census).[8]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oblast wis formed on Februar 6, 1943, juist when the Soviet Army decisively defeatit Hitler's forces near Stalingrad. Houiver, the history o Transuralia (Zauralye) began much earlier when the first settlers biggit thair smaw stockaded towns on the banks o the banks o the Tobol an Iset Rivers. Decembrist an Pols exiles made substantial contreibutions tae the development o cultur an eddication in Zauralye.[12] The cooperative movement wis widespread at the beginnin o the 20t century, an thanks tae Trans-Ural ile manufacturers, Roushie became the warld's seicont-lairgest exporter o butter.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kurgan Oblast is locatit in Soothren Roushie an is pairt o the Urals Federal Destrict. It shares borders wi Chelyabinsk Oblast tae the wast, Sverdlovsk Oblast tae the north, Tyumen Oblast tae the east, an Kazakhstan tae the sooth.

Politics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Oleg Bogomolov haes servit as the Govrenor o Kurgan Oblast syne 1996. He is a member o the Unitit Roushie Pairty. The legislative body o the oblast is the 34-member Kurgan Oblast Duma. The Unitit Roushie Pairty currently haulds the majority o seats in the Oblast Duma.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kurgan Oblast borders on the ile- an gas-bearin destricts o Tyumen Oblast an is close tae seemilar destricts in Tomsk Oblast an aw. Lairge ile an gas pipelines pass throu its territory, an Ural an Siberie ile refineries are fairly close. The main industrial centers are Kurgansk, an Shadrinsk.[12]

The oblast daes no hae lairge economic mineral reserves; therefore, it haes developit mainly on the basis o subindustries associatit wi processin o agricultural products an assembly an packagin o feenished products. The fuid industry is well developit here, wi meat-packin plants, mills, creameries, an poudered-milk factories.[12]

Modren lairge-scale industry began developin durin Warld War II, when saxteen enterprises frae wastren regions o the kintra wur evacuatit here in 1941-1942.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population: 910,807 (2010 Census);[8] 1,019,532 (2002 Census);[13] 1,104,872 (1989 Census).[14]

Roushies (823,7222) are the lairgest ethnic group in the Kurgan Oblast, makkin up 92.5% o the population. Ither prominent ethnic groups in the oblast include[8] Tatars (17,017) at 1.9%, Bashkirs (12,257) at 1.4%, Kazakhs (11,939) 1.3%, an Ukrainians (7,080) at 0.8%. Ither ethnicities are 2.1%. Additionally, 20,017 fowk wur registered frae admeenistrative databases, an coud no declare an ethnicity. It is estimatit that the proportion o ethnicities in this group is the same as that o the declared group.[15]

  • Births (2008): 11,937 (12.5 per 1000)
  • Daiths (2008): 15,626 (16.3 per 1000)[16]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oblast haes a severe continental climate wi lang cauld winters an wairm simmers wi regular drochts. The average Januar temperatur is −18 °C (0 °F), an the average temperatur in the wairmest month (Julie) is +19 °C (66 °F). Annual precipitation is aboot 400 millimeters (16 in).[12]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Charter, Article 10
  4. Official website of Kurgan Oblast. Autobiography of Oleg Alexeyvich Bogomolov, the Governor of Kurgan Oblast (Roushie)
  5. Charter, Article 78-1
  6. Charter, Article 80
  7. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1[[Category:Airticles conteenin non-Scots-leid text]]" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved Juin 29, 2012.  URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  9. The density value wis calculatit bi dividin the population reported bi the 2010 Census bi the aurie shawn in the "Aurie" field. Please note that this value mey nae be accurate as the aurie specified in the infobox is nae necessarily reportit for the same year as the population.
  10. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 05 апреля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of April 05, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  11. Offeecial on the whole territory o Roushie accordin tae Article 68.1 o the Constitution o Roushie.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Kurgan Region
  13. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек[[Category:Airticles conteenin non-Scots-leid text]]" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Mey 21, 2004. Retrieved Februar 9, 2012.  URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  14. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров.[[Category:Airticles conteenin non-Scots-leid text]]" [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved Februar 9, 2012.  URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  15. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  16. http://kurganstat.gks.ru/digital/region1/2007/demo1208.htm

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Курганская областная Дума. Закон №1 от 16 декабря 1994 г. «Устав Курганской области», в ред. Закона №467 от 24 июня 2009 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законы Курганской области». Вступил в силу в соответствии со статьёй 171. Опубликован: "Новый мир", №242, 21 декабря 1994 г. (Kurgan Oblast Duma. Law #1 of December 16, 1994 Charter of Kurgan Oblast, as amended by the Law #467 of June 24, 2009 On Amending Certain Laws of Kurgan Oblast. Effective as of the date specified by the provisions of Article 171.).

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]