Kurgan Oblast

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For ither uises, see Kurgan (disambiguation).
Kurgan Oblast
Курганская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag o Kurgan Oblast

Coat o airms o Kurgan Oblast
Poleetical status
Country Roushie
Federal destrictUrals[1]
Economic regionUrals[2]
Established6 Februar 1943[3]
Admeenistrative centerKurgan
Govrenment (as of 15 Februar 2014)
 - Govrenor[5]Alexej Gennadievich Kokorin[4]
 - LegislaturOblast Duma[6]
Aurie (as o the 2002 Census)[7]
 - Tot71,488 km2 (27,602 sq mi)
Aurie rank43rd
Population (2010 Census)[8]
 - Tot910,807
 - Rank57t
 - Density[9]12.74/km2 (33.0/sq mi)
 - Urban60.3%
 - Rural39.7%
Time zone(s)YEKT (UTC+05:00)[10]
ISO 3166-2RU-KGN
License plates45
Offeecial leidsRoushie[11]
Offeecial wabsteid

Kurgan Oblast (Roushie: Курга́нская о́бласть, Kurganskaya oblast) is a federal subject o Roushie (an oblast). Its admeenistrative center is the ceety o Kurgan. Population: 910,807 (2010 Census).[8]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oblast wis formed on Februar 6, 1943, juist whan the Soviet Airmy decisively defeatit Hitler's forces near Stalingrad. Houiver, the history o Transuralia (Zauralye) began much earlier whan the first settlers biggit thair smaw stockaded towns on the banks o the banks o the Tobol an Iset Rivers. Decembrist an Pols exiles made substantial contreibutions tae the development o cultur an eddication in Zauralye.[12] The cooperative movement wis widespread at the beginnin o the 20t century, an thanks tae Trans-Ural ile manufacturers, Roushie became the warld's seicont-lairgest exporter o butter.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kurgan Oblast is locatit in Soothren Roushie an is pairt o the Urals Federal Destrict. It shares borders wi Chelyabinsk Oblast tae the wast, Sverdlovsk Oblast tae the north, Tyumen Oblast tae the east, an Kazakhstan tae the sooth.

Politics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Oleg Bogomolov haes servit as the Govrenor o Kurgan Oblast syne 1996. He is a member o the Unitit Roushie Pairty. The legislative body o the oblast is the 34-member Kurgan Oblast Duma. The Unitit Roushie Pairty currently haulds the majority o seats in the Oblast Duma.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kurgan Oblast borders on the ile- an gas-bearin destricts o Tyumen Oblast an is close tae seemilar destricts in Tomsk Oblast an aw. Lairge ile an gas pipelines pass throu its territory, an Ural an Siberie ile refineries are fairly close. The main industrial centres are Kurgansk, an Shadrinsk.[12]

The oblast daes no hae lairge economic mineral reserves; therefore, it haes developit mainly on the basis o subindustries associatit wi processin o agricultural products an assembly an packagin o feenished products. The fuid industry is well developit here, wi meat-packin plants, mills, creameries, an poudered-milk factories.[12]

Modren lairge-scale industry began developin durin Warld War II, whan saxteen enterprises frae wastren regions o the kintra wur evacuatit here in 1941-1942.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population: 910,807 (2010 Census);[8] 1,019,532 (2002 Census);[13] 1,104,872 (1989 Census).[14]

Roushies (823,7222) are the lairgest ethnic group in the Kurgan Oblast, makkin up 92.5% o the population. Ither prominent ethnic groups in the oblast include[8] Tatars (17,017) at 1.9%, Bashkirs (12,257) at 1.4%, Kazakhs (11,939) 1.3%, an Ukrainians (7,080) at 0.8%. Ither ethnicities are 2.1%. Additionally, 20,017 fowk wur registered frae admeenistrative databases, an coud no declare an ethnicity. It is estimatit that the proportion o ethnicities in this group is the same as that o the declared group.[15]

  • Births (2008): 11,937 (12.5 per 1000)
  • Daiths (2008): 15,626 (16.3 per 1000)[16]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oblast haes a severe continental climate wi lang cauld winters an wairm simmers wi regular drochts. The average Januar temperatur is −18 °C (0 °F), an the average temperatur in the wairmest month (Julie) is +19 °C (66 °F). Annual precipitation is aboot 400 millimeters (16 in).[12]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (Preses o the Roushie Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative o the Preses o the Roushie Federation in a Federal Destrict. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Charter, Article 10
  4. Offeecial wabsteid o Kurgan Oblast. Autobiography of Oleg Alexeyvich Bogomolov, the Govrenor o Kurgan Oblast (in Roushie)
  5. Charter, Article 78-1
  6. Charter, Article 80
  7. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  9. The density value wis calculatit bi dividin the population reported bi the 2010 Census bi the aurie shawn in the "Aurie" field. Please note that this value mey nae be accurate as the aurie specified in the infobox is nae necessarily reportit for the same year as the population.
  10. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Govrenment o the Roushie Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of Juin 31, 2011 On Calculatin Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of Julie 03, 2016 On Amendin Federal Law "On Calculatin Time". Effective as of efter saxty days follaein the day o the offeecial publication.).
  11. Offeecial on the whole territory o Roushie accordin tae Article 68.1 o the Constitution o Roushie.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Kurgan Region
  13. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  14. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  15. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  16. http://kurganstat.gks.ru/digital/region1/2007/demo1208.htm

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Курганская областная Дума. Закон №1 от 16 декабря 1994 г. «Устав Курганской области», в ред. Закона №467 от 24 июня 2009 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законы Курганской области». Вступил в силу в соответствии со статьёй 171. Опубликован: "Новый мир", №242, 21 декабря 1994 г. (Kurgan Oblast Duma. Law #1 of December 16, 1994 Charter of Kurgan Oblast, as amended by the Law #467 of June 24, 2009 On Amending Certain Laws of Kurgan Oblast. Effective as of the date specified by the provisions of Article 171.).

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]