Yakutsk

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Yakutsk (Scots)
Якутск (Roushie)
Дьокуускай (Sakha)
-  Ceety  -
Ceety unner republic jurisdiction[citation needit]
Yakutsk 1 (synchroswimr).jpg
View of the city from the Geological Institute collections area
Missing map.svg
Coat of arms of Yakutsk.png
Yakutsk flag.png
Coat of arms
Flag
Ceety Day Seicont Sunday o September[citation needit]
Admeenistrative status (as o 2009)
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Sakha Republic
Admeenistratively subordinatit tae Yakutsk Ceety o Republic Significance[citation needit]
Caipital o Sakha Republic[citation needit]
Admeenistrative centre o Yakutsk Ceety o Republic Significance[citation needit]
Municipal status
Urban okrug Yakutsk Urban Okrug[citation needit]
Admeenistrative centre o Yakutsk Urban Okrug[citation needit]
Head[citation needit] Yury Zabolev[citation needit]
Representative bouk Okrug Cooncil[citation needit]
Statistics
Aurie 121.93 km2 (47.08 sq mi)[citation needit]
Population (2010 Census) 269,486 inhabitants[1]
Rank in 2010 68t
Population (2002 Census) 210,642 inhabitants[2]
Rank in 2002 89t
Density 2,210/km2 (5,700/sq mi)[3]
Time zone [4]
Founded 25 September 1632[citation needit]
Postal code(s)[5] 677xxx
Dialin code(s) +7 4112[6]
Offeecial wabsteid
Yakutsk on Wikimedia Commons

Yakutsk (Roushie: Яку́тск; Sakha: Дьокуускай, pronounced [ɟokuːskaj]) is the caipital ceety o the Sakha Republic, Roushie, locatit aboot 450 kilometers (280 mi) south of the Arctic Circle. Population:269,486 (2010 Census);[1] 210,642 (2002 Census);[2] 186,626 (1989 Census).[7]

Yakutsk is a major port on the Lena River. It is servit bi Yakutsk Airport as well as the smawer Magan Airport. It is a major suppleer o diamonds.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Yakutsk wis foondit as an ostrog (fort) bi Pyotr Beketov in 1632. In 1639, it became the center o a voyevodstvo. The voivode o Yakutsk swith became the maist important Roushie offeecial in the region an directit expansion tae the east an sooth. Yakutsk didnae grow intae a ceety till the discovery o muckle reserves o gowd an ither minerals in the 1880s an 1890s. These reserves wur developed extensively durin industrialization unner Stalin. The rapid growth o forcit labor camps in Siberie wis an aw a major factor encouragin Yakutsk's development.

Admeenistrative an municipal status[eedit | eedit soorce]

As an inhabitit locality, Yakutsk is classifeed as the ceety unner republic jurisdiction. Administratively, alang wi the settlement o Zhatay an fower rural localities, it is incorporatit as Yakutsk Ceety o Republic Significance—an admeenistrative unit wi a status equal tae that o the destricts.

Municipally, Yakutsk an the fower rural localities are incorporatit as Yakutsk Urban Okrug. The settlement o Zhatay is no a pairt o Yakutsk Urban Okrug an is independently incorporatit as Zhatay Urban Okrug.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Yakutsk is a destination o the Lena Heich-gate. The ceety's connection tae the heichgate is anerlie accessible bi ferry in the simmer, or in the deid o winter, directly ower the frozen Lena River, as Yakutsk lees entirely on its wastren bank, an there is nae brig onywhaur in the Sakha Republic that crosses the Lena. The burn is impassable for lang periods o the year when it is fou o loose ice, or whan the ice cover is no sufficiently thick tae support traffic, or whan the watter level is heich an the river turbulent wi Ware floodin. The heich-gate ends on the eastren bank o Lena in Nizhny Bestyakh (Нижний Бестях), an urban-type settlement o some fower thoosan fowk. Yakutsk is connectit wi Magadan bi the Kolyma Heich-gate.

A dual-uise railwey an roadwey brig ower the Lena is scheduled tae be biggit bi 2013,[8][9] when the Amur Yakutsk Mainline, the North-Sooth railwey being extendit frae the Sooth, will feenally connect the ceety wi the East-Wast Baikal Amur Mainline (the railwey haes reached a point some 260 km sooth o Yakutsk).

The brig will be ower 3-kilometer (1.9 mi) lang an constructit 40 kilometers (25 mi) upriver at Tabaga, where the river narraes an does no create a wide floodit aurie in the Ware. In the deid o winter, the frozen Lena makes for a passable heich-gate for ice truckers uisin its channel tae deliver proveesions tae far-flung ootposts. Yakutsk is an aw connectit tae ither pairts of Roushie bi Yakutsk Airport.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Yakutsk State University is situatit in the ceety. There is an aw a branch o the Roushie Academy o Sciences, which contains, amang ither things, the Institute o Cosmophysical Research, which runs the Yakutsk Extensive Air Shower installation (ane o the mucklest cosmic-ray detector arrays in the warld), an the Permafrost Research Institute developit wi the aim o solvin the serious an costly problems associatit wi construction o biggins on frozen soil.

At the primary an seicontary levels, the ceety haes a number o UNESCO Associated Schools, includin the Sakha-Turkish College, Sakha-French School, Sakha-Korean School, an School #16.[10]

Yakutsk is an aw hame o some theaters an museums such as Sakha theater an the Mammoth Museum.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mony minin companies hae offices in Yakutsk includin ALROSA, whose diamond mines in Yakutie accoont for aboot 20% o the warld's rough diamond ootput.

The airline Yakutia Airlines haes its heid office in the ceety.[11]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Wi an extreme subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfd), Yakutsk haes the cauldest winter temperaturs for ony ceety, though no for ony inhabitit place, on Earth. Average monthly temperaturs range frae +19 °C (66 °F) in Julie tae −40 °C (−40 °F) in Januar, an anerlie Norilsk haes a lawer mean annual temperatur for ony settlement o ower 10,000. The cauldest temperaturs iver recordit on the planet ootside Antarcticae occurred in the basin o the Yana River tae the northeast o Yakutsk. Though winters are lang an extremely cauld, simmers are warm (though rather short), wi daily maximum temperaturs occasionally exceedin +32 °C (90 °F), makkin the saisonal temperatur differences for the region amang the greatest in the warld. As the mucklest ceety biggit on continuous permafrost, maist hooses in Yakutsk are biggit on concrete piles.

The climate is fair dry, wi maximum precipitation occurrin in the simmer months, the intense Siberie Heich formin aroond the vera cauld continental air durin the winter. Even durin the simmer, precipitation isnae hivy syne the moist sootheasterly winds frae the Paceefic Ocean lose their moistur ower the coastal muntains weel afore reachin the Lena valley.

Wi the Lena River navigable in the simmer, there various boat cruises affered, includin up the burn tae the Lena Pillars, an dounriver tours that visit spectacular scenery in the lawer reaches an the Lena delta.

Climate data for Yakutsk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) −10.8
(12.6)
−2.2
(28)
8.3
(46.9)
21.1
(70)
31.1
(88)
35.1
(95.2)
38.4
(101.1)
35.4
(95.7)
27.0
(80.6)
20.5
(68.9)
3.1
(37.6)
−3.9
(25)
38.4
(101.1)
Average heich °C (°F) −36.1
(−33)
−29.1
(−20.4)
−13.2
(8.2)
1.2
(34.2)
13.2
(55.8)
22.1
(71.8)
25.1
(77.2)
21.3
(70.3)
11.4
(52.5)
−3.8
(25.2)
−24.4
(−11.9)
−34.5
(−30.1)
−3.9
(25)
Daily mean °C (°F) −39.5
(−39.1)
−34.2
(−29.6)
−21.1
(−6)
−5.7
(21.7)
7.0
(44.6)
15.5
(59.9)
18.6
(65.5)
14.9
(58.8)
6.0
(42.8)
−8.4
(16.9)
−28.7
(−19.7)
−37.9
(−36.2)
−9.5
(14.9)
Average law °C (°F) −42.8
(−45)
−39.2
(−38.6)
−28.9
(−20)
−12.5
(9.5)
0.7
(33.3)
8.8
(47.8)
12.0
(53.6)
8.5
(47.3)
0.6
(33.1)
−13
(9)
−33
(−27)
−41.3
(−42.3)
−15
(5)
Record law °C (°F) −63
(−81)
−64.4
(−83.9)
−54.9
(−66.8)
−41
(−42)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−5.4
(22.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
−7.8
(18)
−14.2
(6.4)
−40.9
(−41.6)
−54.5
(−66.1)
−59.8
(−75.6)
−64.4
(−83.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 9
(0.35)
8
(0.31)
6
(0.24)
9
(0.35)
17
(0.67)
39
(1.54)
39
(1.54)
35
(1.38)
31
(1.22)
18
(0.71)
15
(0.59)
12
(0.47)
238
(9.37)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.9 3.8 7.3 6.5 6.0 5.3 6.1 5.7 4.1 53.7
Average relative humidity (%) 75 75 70 61 54 57 61 67 71 77 77 75 68.3
Mean monthly sunshine oors 18.6 98.0 232.5 273.0 303.8 333.0 347.2 272.8 174.0 105.4 60.0 9.3 2,227.6
Soorce #1: Pogoda.ru.net[12]
Soorce #2: HKO

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin towns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Yakutsk is twinned wi:

Yakutsk images[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved Juin 29, 2012. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (Mey 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "PopCensus" defined multiple times with different content
  3. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  4. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 05 апреля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of April 05, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Roushie Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Roushie)
  6. (in Russian). Retrieved 2010-11-10.
  7. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. "In 2009 construction of the Bridge through Lena River will begin", Republic of Sakha Information Portal, 29 March 2007, reprint of an article by Aleksey Dmitriev in the newspaper “Yakutia”. Link accessed 2008-01-13. (Inglis) (Roushie)
  9. Russia Basel's wins tender to build Yakutia railroad Reuters, Thu Nov 6, 2008
  10. Nikolaev, Michael E. (2007-01-07). "The Most Valuable Possession of a Society is Education". Yakutia Today. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  11. "About Us." Yakutia Airlines. Retrieved on July 18, 2010. "JSC "Air Company Yakutia" Address: 9, Bykovsky st., Yakutsk, Russia, 677014." Russian address: "Contact Us." "ОАО «Авиакомпания «Якутия» Адрес: Республика Саха (Якутия), 677014, г. Якутск, ул. Быковского, 9"
  12. "Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). Retrieved September 8, 2007. 

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Sakha Republic Template:Roushie republics capitals