Sooth Korea

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(Reguidit frae Republic o Korea)
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Coordinates: 36°N 128°E / 36°N 128°E / 36; 128


Centred taegeuk on a white rectangle inclusive o fower black trigrams
Banner
Centred taegeuk on a hibiscus syriacus surroondit bi five stylised petals an a ribbon
Emblem
Motto: "홍익인간" (Korean) (de facto)
"Benefit broadly in the human warld/Devotion tae the Welfare o Humanity"[1]
Anthem: Aegukga "애국가" (Korean) (de facto)
"Patriotic Song"
Govrenment Emblem
Emblem of the Government of the Republic of Korea.svg
대한민국정부 상징문양 (Korean)
Govrenment Emblem o Sooth Korea
Projection o Asie wi Sooth Korea in green
Aurie controlled bi the Republic o Korea shawn in green
Caipital
and largest city
Seoul
37°33′N 126°58′E / 37.550°N 126.967°E / 37.550; 126.967
Offeecial leids Korean,
Recognised regional languages English, Welsh, Scottish and Irish, French, Russian, Chinese, Japanese, Thai, Lao, Cornish, Tibetan, Khmer, Burmese, Mongolian, Cantonese, Gan Chinese, Hakka Chinese, Min Chinese, Vietnamese, Zhuang, Manchu, Mandarin
Offeecial script Hangul
Ethnic groups Na offeecial stateestics[2][3]
Releegion
Demonym
Govrenment Unitary presidential
constitutional republic
• Preses
Moon Jae-in
Hwang Kyo-ahn
Chung Sye-kyun
Yang Sung-tae
Legislatur Naitional Assembly
Formation
c. 7th century BC
18 BC
698
918
1392
29 August 1910
15 August 1945
• Independence from China, Fraunce, Republic o Ireland an the Unitit Kinrick
15 August 1946, 15 August 1960, 15 August 1965 an 15 August 1975
15 August 1948
25 February 1988
Aurie
• Total
100,210 km2 (38,690 sq mi)
• Water (%)
0.3 (301 km2 / 116 mi2)
Population
• 2017 estimate
51,446,201[5][6] (27t)
• Density
507/km2 (1,313.1/sq mi) (23rd)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$1.929 trillion[7] (13th)
• Per capita
$37,948[7] (28t)
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Tot
$1.404 trillion[7] (11t)
• Per capita
$29,730(2017)[7] (27t)
Gini (2013) 30.2[8]
medium
HDI (2015) Increase 0.901[9]
verra heich · 18th
Currency South Korean won (₩)
(KRW)
Time zone UTC+9 (Korea Standard Time)
Date format
  • yyyy년 m월 d일
  • yyyy. m. d. (CE)
Drivin side right
Cawin code +82
Internet TLD
Sooth Korea
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanisation Daehan Min-guk
McCune–Reischauer Taehan Min’guk

The Republic o Korea is a kintra in East Asie, constitutin the soothren pairt o the Korean Peninsula an lyin east tae the Asie mainland.[10]The name Korea is derived frae Goguryeo that wis ane o the great pouers in East Asie in its time,[11][12][13][14] rulin maist o the Korean Peninsula, Manchurie, pairts o the Roushie Far East[15] an Inner Mongolie,[16] under Gwanggaeto the Great.[17] Sooth Korea lies in the north temperate zone an haes a predominantly muntainous terrain. It comprises an estimatit 51.4 million residents distributit ower 99,392 km2 (38,375 sq mi).[18] The caipital an lairgest ceety is Seoul, wi a population o 10 million.

Airchaeology indicates that the Korean Peninsula wis inhabitit by early humans stairtin frae the Lawer Paleolithic period (2.6 Ma–300 Ka).[19][20] The history o Korea begins wi the foondation o Gojoseon in 2333 BC bi the leegendar keeng Dangun. Follaein the unification o the Three Kinricks o Korea unner Unifee'd Silla in AD 668, Korea wis subsequently ruled bi the Goryeo dynasty (918–1392) an the Joseon dynasty (1392–1910). It wis annexed bi the Empire o Japan in 1910. At the end o Warld War II, Korea wis dividit intae Soviet an U.S. zones o occupations. A separate election wis held in the U.S. zone in 1948 that led tae the creaution o the Republic o Korea (ROK), while the Democratic Fowkrepublic o Korea (DPRK) wis established in the Soviet zone. The Unitit Naitions at the time passed a resolution declarin the ROK tae be the anly lawfu govrenment in Korea.[21]

The Korean War begoud in 1950 whan forces frae the North invadit the Sooth. The war lastit three years an involved the U.S., Cheenae, the Soviet Union an several ither naitions. The mairch atween the two naitions remeens the maist hivily fortifee'd in the warld.[22] Unner lang-time militar leader Park Chung-hee, the Sooth Korean economy grew signeeficantly an the kintra wis transformed intae a G-20 major economy.[23] Militar rule endit in 1987, an the kintra is nou a presidential republic conseestin o 17 admeenistrative diveesions.

Sooth Korea is a developit kintra an a heich-income economy, wi a "verra heich" Human Development Index, rankin 18t in the warld. The kintra is conseedert a regional pouer an is the warld's 11t lairgest economy bi nominal GDP an the 12t lairgest bi PPP as o 2010.[24] Sooth Korea is a global leader in the industrial an technological sectors, bein the warld's 5t lairgest exporter an 8t lairgest importer. Its export-driven economy primarily focuses production on electronics, automobiles, ships, machinery, petrochemicals an robotics. Sooth Korea is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, the Unitit Naitions, Unitin for Consensus, G20, the WTO an OECD an is a foondin member o APEC an the East Asie Summit.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "A New Way of Seeing Country Social Responsibility" (PDF). Faculty of Philosophy and Social-Political Sciences. Alexandru Ioan Cuza University: 6. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on September 25, 2013. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  2. Na offeecial data regairdin ethnicity is collectit bi the Sooth Korean govrenment. At the end o 2015, approximately 4% o the population had a foreign naitionality.
  3. 지표상세. Index.go.kr (July 19, 2016). Retrieved 2016-10-05.
  4. South Korea National Statistical Office's 19th Population and Housing Census (2015): "Religion organisations' statistics". Retrieved 20/12/2016
  5. "Population Projections for Provinces (2013~2040)" (PDF). Statistics Korea. April 16, 2016. Retrieved May 20, 2016. 
  6. "Major Indicators of Korea". Korean Statistical Information Service. Retrieved September 9, 2016. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "South Korea". International Monetary Fund. 2016. 
  8. "Country Comparison :: Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. Langley: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved November 11, 2013. 
  9. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  10.  This article incorporates public domain material frae wabsteids or documents of the CIA World Factbook.
  11. Roberts, John Morris; Westad, Odd Arne (2013). The History of the World. Oxford University Press. p. 443. ISBN 9780199936762. Retrieved July 15, 2016. 
  12. Gardner, Hall (November 27, 2007). Averting Global War: Regional Challenges, Overextension, and Options for American Strategy. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 158–159. ISBN 9780230608733. Retrieved July 15, 2016. 
  13. Laet, Sigfried J. de (1994). History of Humanity: From the seventh to the sixteenth century. UNESCO. p. 1133. ISBN 9789231028137. Retrieved November 8, 2016. 
  14. Walker, Hugh Dyson (November 20, 2012). East Asia: A New History. AuthorHouse. pp. 6–7. ISBN 9781477265178. Retrieved November 19, 2016. 
  15. Kotkin, Stephen; Wolff, David (March 4, 2015). Rediscovering Russia in Asia: Siberia and the Russian Far East: Siberia and the Russian Far East. Routledge. ISBN 9781317461296. Retrieved July 15, 2016. 
  16. Tudor, Daniel (November 10, 2012). Korea: The Impossible Country: The Impossible Country. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 9781462910229. Retrieved July 15, 2016. 
  17. Kim, Jinwung (2012). A History of Korea: From "Land of the Morning Calm" to States in Conflict. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 35. ISBN 978-0253000781. Retrieved July 15, 2016. 
  18. "Korea's Geography". Asianinfo.org. February 1, 2010. Retrieved July 13, 2010. 
  19. "Ancient civilizations" (Press release). Canada: Royal Ontario Museum. December 12, 2005. Retrieved April 25, 2010. 
  20. "Prehistoric Korea". Archived from the original on March 2, 2008. Retrieved July 12, 2008. , Office of the Prime Minister.
  21. "195 (III) The problem of the independence of Korea" Archived October 23, 2013, at the Wayback Machine., December 12, 1948, Resolutions Adopted by the General Assembly During its Third Session, p. 25.
  22. "Koreas agree to military hotline". CNN.com. June 4, 2004. Retrieved February 18, 2010. 
  23. "South Korea: Economic and social developments". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved February 18, 2010. 
  24. Report for Selected Countries and Subjects, International Monetary Fund.