Republic o Ireland

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Ireland[a]
Éire  (Erse)
Banner o Ireland
Coat o airms o Ireland
Banner Coat o airms
Anthem: "Amhrán na bhFiann"
"The Sodgers' Sang"
Location o  Ireland  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location o  Ireland  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Capital Dublin
53°20.65′N 6°16.05′W / 53.34417°N 6.26750°W / 53.34417; -6.26750
Lairgest ceety capital
Offeecial leids
Naitional leid Erse[1]
Ethnic groups (2016[2])
  • 82.2% White Erse
  • 9.5% Ither White
  • 2.6% Nae stated
  • 1.7% Ither Asie / Asie Erse
  • 1.5% Ither
  • 1.2% Black Erse / Black African
  • 0.7% Erse Traveller
  • 0.4% Cheenese
  • 0.1% Ither Black
Demonym Erse
Govrenment Unitar pairlamentar republic
• Preses
Michael D. Higgins
Leo Varadkar
Frances Fitzgerald
Legislatur Oireachtas
Seanad
Dáil
Unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick
24 Apryle 1916
21 Januar 1919
6 December 1921
6 December 1922
29 December 1937
18 Apryle 1949
• Jyned the EEC
1 Januar 1973
Aurie
• Tot
70,273 km2 (27,133 sq mi) (120t)
• Watter (%)
2.00
Population
• 2016 census
4,761,865[3] (120t)
• Density
67.7/km2 (175.3/sq mi) (142nt)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$344 billion[4] (56t)
• Per capita
$72,529[4] (7t)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$294 billion[4] (42nt)
• Per capita
$62,085[4] (4t)
Gini (2014) negative increase 30.0[5]
middlin · 23rd
HDI (2015) Increase 0.923[6]
very heich · 8th
Siller Euro ()[note 1] (EUR)
Time zone GMT/WET (UTC⁠)
• Summer (DST)
IST/WEST (UTC+1)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the left
Cawin code +353
Internet TLD .ie[b]
  1. ^ Article 4 o the Constitution o Ireland declares that the name o the state is Ireland; Section 2 o the Republic of Ireland Act 1948 declares that Republic of Ireland is "the description of the State".[7]
  2. ^ The .eu domain is an aa uised, as it is shared wi ither European Union member states.

Ireland or Airlann (Erse: Éire), deskrived as the Republic o Ireland (or Republick o Airlann in Ulstèr-Scotch) (Erse: Poblacht na hÉireann), is a kintra in wastren Europe, wi a population o mair nor 4 million. It maks up maist o the iland o Ireland, an haes a mairch wi Northren Ireland, pairt o the Unitit Kinrick.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Nicht view o Dublin, the capital o the Republic o Ireland

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Prior tae 2002, Ireland uised the punt (Erse poond) as its circulatit siller. The euro wis introduced as an accoonting siller in 1999.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Official Languages Act 2003". Office of the Attorney-General. Retrieved 18 Februar 2012. 
  2. "CSO Census 2016 Chaper 6 - Ethnicity and Irish Travellers" (PDF). Retrieved 28 Aprile 2017. 
  3. "Census 2016 Summary Results - Part 1" (PDF). 6 Aprile 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Ireland". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 1 Aprile 2017. 
  5. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  6. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 23 Mairch 2017. 
  7. John Coakley (20 August 2009). Politics in the Republic of Ireland. Taylor & Francis. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-415-47672-0. Retrieved 2 Mey 2011.